1.U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics. Table B-1: employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry. In: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics. The Employment Situation: April 2002. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Labor, 2002. Available at http://stats.bls.gov/news.release/empsittll.htm. Accessed June 29,2002.
2.Panlilio, AL, Cardo, DM, Campbell, S, et al. Estimate of the annual number of percutaneous injuries in U.S. healthcare workers. In: Program and Abstracts of the 4th Decennial International Conference on Nosocomial and Healthcare-Associated Infections. Atlanta, GA: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; 2000:60. Abstract S-T2-01.
3.Cardo, DM, Culver, DH, Ciesielski, CA, et al. A case-control study of HIV seroconversion in health care workers after percutaneous exposure. N Engl J Med 1997;337:1485–1490.
4.Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Documented and possible occupationally acquired AIDS/HIV infection, by occupation. HIV/AIDS Surveillance Report. 2000;12:24.
5.Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Evaluation of safety devices for preventing percutaneous injuries among health-care workers during phlebotomy procedures: Minneapolis-St. Paul, New York City, and San Francisco, 1993-1995. MMWR 1997;46:21–25.
6.Department of Labor, Occupational Safety and Health Administration. Occupational exposure to bloodborne pathogens', needlestick and other sharps injuries: final rule. Federal Register 2001;66:5318–5325.
7.Chiarello, LA, Bartley, J. Prevention of blood exposure in healthcare personnel. Seminars in Infection Control 2001;1:30–43.
8.Mendelson, MH, Solomon, R, Bailey, E, Chen, L, McCarthy, D. Efficacy of a “safety” winged steel needle in preventing percutaneous injuries (Pis) in healthcare workers. Presented at the 8th Annual Meeting of the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America; 1998; Orlando, FL. Abstract 35.
9.Chiarello, LA. Selection of needlestick prevention devices: a conceptual framework for approaching product evaluation. Am J Infect Control 1995;23:386–395.
10.Hamory, BH. Underreporting of needlestick injuries in a university hospital. Am J Infect Control 1983;11:174–177.
11.Alvarado, F, Panlilio, A, Cardo, D. Percutaneous injury reporting in U.S. hospitals, 1998. In: Program and Abstracts of the 4th Decennial International Conference on Nosocomial and Healthcare-Associated Infictions. Atlanta, GA: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; 2000:118. Abstract P-S2-38.
12.Gershon, R, Pearse, L, Grimes, M, Flanagan, P, Vlahov, D. The impact of multifocused interventions on sharps injury rates at an acute-care hospital. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 1999;20:806–811.
13.Zafar, A, Butler, C, Podgorny, J, Mennonna, P, Gaydos, L, Sandiford, J. Effect of a comprehensive program to reduce needlestick injuries. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 1997;18:712–715.