World Health Organization. WHO guidelines on hand hygiene in health care, first global patient safety challenge: clean care is safer care. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization, 2009.
Carabin, H, Gyorkos, TW, Soto, JC, Joseph, L, Payment, P, Collet, JP. Effectiveness of a training program in reducing infections in toddlers attending day care centers. Epidemiology
Widmer, AE, Dangel, M.
Alcohol-based handrub: evaluation of technique and microbiological efficacy with international infection control professionals. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol
Kramer, A, Rudolph, P, Kampf, G, Pittet, D.
Limited efficacy of alcohol-based hand gels. Lancet
Ayliffe, GA, Babb, JR, Quoraishi, AH. A test for ‘hygienic’ hand disinfection. J Clin Pathol
European standard EN 1500. Chemical disinfectants and antiseptics. Hygienic handrub. Test method and requirements. Brussels: European Committee for Standardization, 1997.
Widmer, AF, Conzelmann, M, Tomic, M, Frei, R, Stranden, AM. Introducing alcohol-based hand rub for hand hygiene: the critical need for training. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol
Tschudin Sutter, S, Frei, R, Dangel, M, Widmer, AF. Effect of teaching recommended World Health Organization technique on the use of alcohol-based hand rub by medical students. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol
Eckmanns, T, Bessert, J, Behnke, M, Gastmeier, P, Ruden, H. Compliance with antiseptic hand rub use in intensive care units: the Hawthorne effect. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol