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Colonization with Multiple Staphylococcus aureus Strains among Patients in European Intensive Care Units

  • A. L. A. Bloemendaal (a1) (a2), A. C. Fluit (a1), W. T. M. Jansen (a1), M. R. Vriens (a2), T. Ferry (a3), J. M. Amorim (a4), A. Pascual (a5), S. Stefani (a6), J. Papaparaskevas (a7), I. H. M. Borei Rinkes (a2) and J. Verhoef (a1)...


Corresponding author

Department of Surgery, G04.228, University Medical Center Utrecht, P.O. Box 85500, 3508 CX, Utrecht, the Netherlands(


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4.Bloemendaal, AL, Fluit, AC, Jansen, WM, et al.Acquisition and cross-transmission of Staphylococcus aureus in European intensive care units. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2009;30:117124.
5.Maes, N, Magdalena, J, Rottiers, S, De, GY, Struelens, MJ. Evaluation of a triplex PCR assay to discriminate Staphylococcus aureus from coagulase-negative staphylococci and determine methicillin resistance from blood cultures. J Clin Microbiol 2002;40:15141517.
6.Ikawaty, R, Willems, RJ, Box, AT, Verhoef, J, Fluit, AC. Novel multiple-locus variable-number tandem-repeat analysis method for rapid molecular typing of human Staphylococcus aureus. J Clin Microbiol 2008;46:31473151.
7.Marshall, C, Wolfe, R, Kossmann, T, Wesselingh, S, Harrington, G, Spelman, D. Risk factors for acquisition of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) by trauma patients in the intensive care unit. J Hosp Infect 2004;57:245252.
8.Muller, AA, Mauny, F, Bertin, M, et al.Relationship between spread of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and antimicrobial use in a French university hospital. Clin Infect Dis 2003;36:971978.
9.Grundmann, H, Hori, S, Winter, B, Tami, A, Austin, DJ. Risk factors for the transmission of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in an adult intensive care unit: fitting a model to the data. J Infect Dis 2002;185:481488.
10.Lucet, JC, Paoletti, X, Lolom, I, et al.Successful long-term program for controlling methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in intensive care units. Intensive Care Med 2005;31:10511057.


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