Bartlett, JG. Antibiotic-associated pseudomembranous colitis. Rev Infect Dis
Wilkins, TD, Lyerly, DM.
Clostridium difficile testing: after 20 years, still challenging. J Clin Microbiol
O'Donoghue, C, Kyne, L. Update on Clostridium difficile infection. Curr Opin Gastroenterol
Guilbault, C, Labbe, AC, Poirier, L, Busque, L, Beliveau, C, Laverdiere, M. Development and evaluation of a PCR method for detection of the Clostridium difficile toxin B gene in stool specimens. J Clin Microbiol
Hatheway, CL. Toxigenic Clostridia. Clin Microbiol Rev
Taur, Y, Pamer, EG. Harnessing microbiota to kill a pathogen: fixing the microbiota to treat Clostridium difficile infections. Nat Med
Dubberke, ER, Olsen, MA. Burden of Clostridium difficile on the healthcare system. Clin Infect Dis
Dubberke, ER, Reske, KA, Olsen, MA, McDonald, LC, Fraser, VJ. Short- and long-term attributable costs of Clostridium difficile-associated disease in nonsurgical inpatients. Clin Infect Dis
Delmee, M, Van Broeck, J, Simon, A, Janssens, M, Avesani, V. Laboratory diagnosis of Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhoea: a plea for culture. J Med Microbiol
van den Berg, RJ, Bruijnesteijn van Coppenraet, LS, Gerritsen, HJ, Endtz, HP, van der Vorm, ER, Kuijper, EJ. Prospective multicenter evaluation of a new immunoassay and real-time PCR for rapid diagnosis of Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhea in hospitalized patients. J Clin Microbiol
van den Berg, RJ, Bakker, D, Kuijper, EJ. Diagnosis of Clostridium difficile infection using real-time PCR. Methods Mol Biol
Peterson, LR, Manson, RU, Paule, SM, et al. Detection of toxigenic Clostridium difficile in stool samples by real-time polymerase chain reaction for the diagnosis of C. difficile-associated diarrhea. Clin Infect Dis
van den Berg, RJ, Vaessen, N, Endtz, HP, Schulin, T, van der Vorm, ER, Kuijper, EJ. Evaluation of real-time PCR and conventional diagnostic methods for the detection of Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhoea in a prospective multicentre study. J Med Microbiol
Samra, Z, Luzon, A, Bishara, J. Evaluation of two rapid immunochromatography tests for the detection of Clostridium difficile toxins. Dig Dis Sci
Dupont, HL. Diagnosis and management of Clostridium difficile infection. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol
Morinville, V, McDonald, J.
Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhea in 200 Canadian children. Can J Gastroenterol
Cohen, SH, Gerding, DN, Johnson, S, et al. Clinical practice guidelines for Clostridium difficile infection in adults: 2010 update by the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America (SHEA) and the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA). Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol
Gerding, DN, Johnson, S, Peterson, LR, Mulligan, ME, Silva, J Jr.
Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhea and colitis. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol
Patel, H, Randhawa, J, Nanavati, S, Marton, LR, Baddoura, WJ, DeBari, VA. Laboratory and clinical features of EIA toxin-positive and EIA toxin-negative community-acquired Clostridium difficile infection. Ann Clin Lab Sci
Gonzales, M, Quach, C, Perpete, C, Moore, D. Infection Control Service Annual Report (2012-2013). Montreal: Montreal Children's Hospital; 2013.
Quach, C, Perpete, C, Lacharite, S. Infection Control Service Annual Report (2010-2011). Montreal: Montreal Children's Hospital; 2011.
Luna, RA, Boyanton, BL Jr, Mehta, S, et al. Rapid stool-based diagnosis of Clostridium difficile infection by real-time PCR in a children's hospital. J Clin Microbiol
Longtin, Y, Trottier, S, Brochu, G, et al. Impact of the type of diagnostic assay on Clostridium difficile infection and complication rates in a mandatory reporting program. Clin Infect Dis
Khanna, S, Baddour, LM, Huskins, WC, et al. The epidemiology of Clostridium difficile infection in children: a population-based study. Clin Infect Dis
Polage, CR, Gyorke, CE, Kennedy, MA, et al. Overdiagnosis of Clostridium difficile infection in the molecular test era. JAMA Intern Med
Snell, H, Ramos, M, Longo, S, John, M, Hussain, Z. Performance of the Techlab C. Diff Chek-60 enzyme immunoassay (EIA) in combination with the C. difficile Tox A/B II EIA kit, the Triage C. difficile Panel immunoassay, and a cytotoxin assay for diagnosis of Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhea. J Clin Microbiol
Eastwood, K, Else, P, Charlett, A, Wilcox, M. Comparison of nine commercially available Clostridium difficile toxin detection assays, a real-time PCR assay for C. difficile tcdB, and a glutamate dehydrogenase detection assay to cytotoxin testing and cytotoxigenic culture methods. J Clin Microbiol
Planche, TD, Davies, KA, Coen, PG, et al. Differences in outcome according to Clostridium difficile testing method: a prospective multicentre diagnostic validation study of C. difficile infection. Lancet Infect Dis
Shim, JK, Johnson, S, Samore, MH, Bliss, DZ, Gerding, DN. Primary symptomless colonisation by Clostridium difficile and decreased risk of subsequent diarrhoea. Lancet
Kyne, L, Warny, M, Qamar, A, Kelly, CP. Asymptomatic carriage of Clostridium difficile and serum levels of IGG antibody against toxin A. N Engl J Med
Rousseau, C, Poilane, I, De Pontual, L, Maherault, AC, Le Monnier, A, Collignon, A.
Clostridium difficile carriage in healthy infants in the community: a potential reservoir for pathogenic strains. Clin Infect Dis
Matsuki, S, Ozaki, E, Shozu, M, et al. Colonization by Clostridium difficile of neonates in a hospital, and infants and children in three day-care facilities of Kanazawa, Japan. Int Microbiol
Denno, DM, Shaikh, N, Stapp, JR, et al. Diarrhea etiology in a pediatric emergency department: a case control study. Clin Infect Dis
Lyerly, D. The toxins of Clostridium difficile and their detection in the clinical laboratory. Clin Microbiol Updates
Freeman, J, Wilcox, MH. The effects of storage conditions on viability of Clostridium difficile vegetative cells and spores and toxin activity in human faeces. J Clin Pathol
Arrow, SA, Croese, L, Bowman, RA, Riley, TV. Evaluation of three commercial enzyme immunoassay kits for detecting faecal Clostridium difficile toxins. J Clin Pathol
Sharp, SE, Ruden, LO, Pohl, JC, Hatcher, PA, Jayne, LM, Ivie, WM. Evaluation of the C. Diff Quik Chek Complete assay, a new glutamate dehydrogenase and A/B toxin combination lateral flow assay for use in rapid, simple diagnosis of Clostridium difficile disease. J Clin Microbiol
Vaishnavi, C, Bhasin, D, Kochhar, R, Singh, K.
Clostridium difficile toxin and faecal lactoferrin assays in adult patients. Microbes Infect
El Feghaly, RE, Stauber, JL, Tarr, PI, Haslam, DB. Intestinal inflammatory biomarkers and outcome in pediatric Clostridium difficile infections. J Pediatr
Dubberke, ER, Burnham, CD. Diagnosis of Clostridium difficile infection: treat the patient, not the test. JAMA Intern Med