Garner, JS, Jarvis, WR, Emori, TG, Horan, TC, Hughes, JM. CDC definitions for nosocomial infections. Am J Infect Control 1988;16:128–140.
Rock, C, Thom, KA, Harris, AD, et al. A multicenter longitudinal study of hospital-onset bacteremia: time for a new quality outcome measure? Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2016;37:143–148.
Goto, M, O’Shea, AMJ, Livorsi, DJ, et al. The effect of a nationwide infection control program expansion on hospital-onset gram-negative rod bacteremia in 130 Veterans’ Health Administration medical centers: an interrupted time-series analysis. Clin Infect Dis 2016;63:642–650.
Aung, AK, Skinner, MJ, Lee, FJ, Cheng, AC. Changing epidemiology of bloodstream infection pathogens over time in adult non-specialty patients at an Australian tertiary hospital. Commun Dis Intell Qrtrly Rept 2012;36:E333–E341.
Friedman, ND, Kay, KS, Stout, JE, et al. Healthcare-associated bloodstream infections in adults: a reason to change the accepted definition of community-acquired infections. Ann Intern Med 2002;137:791–797.
Afonso, E, Blot, K, Blot, S. Prevention of hospital-acquired bloodstream infections through chlorohexidine gluconate-impregnated washcloth bathing in intensive care units: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized crossover trials. Euro Surveill 2016;21(46). doi: 10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2016.21.46.30400.
Doi, AM, Pignatari, ACC, Edmond, MB, et al. Epidemiology and microbiologic characterization of nosocomial candidemia from a Brazilian national surveillance program. PloS One 2016;11(1):e0146909.
Cardosa, T, Almeida, M, Friedman, ND, Aragao, I, Costa-Pereira, A. Classification of healthcare-associated infection: a systematic review 10 years after the first proposal. BMC Med 2014;12:40.
Lenz, R, Leal, JR, Church, DL, Gregson, DB, Ross, T, Laupland, KB. The distinct category of healthcare-associated bloodstream infections. BMC Infect Dis 2012;12:85.