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Chlorhexidine Bathing of Hospitalized Patients: Beliefs and Practices of Nurses and Patient Care Technicians, and Potential Barriers to Compliance

  • Andrea Green Hines (a1) (a2), Suzanne Nuss (a3), Mark E. Rupp (a1) (a4), Elizabeth Lyden (a5), Kate Tyner (a4) and Angela Hewlett (a1) (a4) (a5)...


Corresponding author

Address correspondence to Andrea Green Hines, MD, 985400 Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE 68198-5400 (


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1. Bleasdale, SC, Trick, WE, Gonzalez, IM, Lyles, RD, Hayden, MK, Weinstein, RA. Effectiveness of chlorhexidine bathing to reduce catheter-associated bloodstream infections in medical intensive care unit patients. Arch Intern Med 2007;167:20732079.
2. Climo, MW, Yokoe, DS, Warren, DK, et al. Effect of daily chlorhexidine bathing on hospital-acquired infection. New Engl J Med 2013;368:533542.
3. Dixon, JM, Carver, RL. Daily chlorhexidine gluconate bathing with impregnated cloths results in statistically significant reduction in central line-associated bloodstream infections. Am J Infect Control 2010;38:817821.
4. Evans, HL, Dellit, TH, Chan, J, Nathens, AB, Maier, RV, Cuschieri, J. Effect of chlorhexidine whole-body bathing on hospital-acquired infections among trauma patients. Arch Surg 2010;145:240246.
5. Popovich, KJ, Hota, B, Hayes, R, Weinstein, RA, Hayden, MK. Effectiveness of routine patient cleansing with chlorhexidine gluconate for infection prevention in the medical intensive care unit. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2009;30:959963.
6. Vernon, MO, Hayden, MK, Trick, WE, Hayes, RA, Blom, DW, Weinstein, RA. Chlorhexidine gluconate to cleanse patients in a medical intensive care unit. Arch Intern Med 2006;166:306312.
7. Rupp, ME, Cavalieri, RJ, Lyden, E, et al. Effect of hospital-wide chlorhexidine patient bathing on healthcare-associated infections. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2012;33:10941100.
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Hines supplementary material 1

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