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Assessment of the Use of Urine Samples to Detect Colonization With Fluoroquinolone-Susceptible and Fluoroquinolone-Resistant Escherichia coli

  • Ebbing Lautenbach (a1) (a2) (a3) (a4), Andrew Babson (a5), Evelyn Santana (a5), Pam Tolomeo (a3), Nicole Black (a3), Catherine A. Smith (a3) and Joel Maslow (a1)...

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Corresponding author

Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, 825 Blockley Hall, 423 Guardian Drive, Philadelphia, PA 19104-6021 (ebbing@mail.med.upenn.edu)

References

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1.Donskey, CJ. The role of the intestinal tract as a reservoir and source for transmission of nosocomial pathogens. Clin Infect Dis 2004;39:219226.
2.Lautenbach, E, Harris, AD, Perencevich, EN, Nachamkin, I, Tolomeo, P, Metlay, JP. Test characteristics of perirectal and rectal swab compared to stool sample for detection of fluoroquinolone-resistant Escherichia coli in the gastrointestinal tract. Antimicrob Agents Chemother 2005;49:798800.
3.Carratala, J, Fernandez-Sevilla, A, Tubau, F, Dominguez, MA, Gudiol, F. Emergence of fluoroquinolone-resistant Escherichia coli in fecal flora of cancer patients receiving norfloxacin prophylaxis. Antimicrob Agents Chemother 1996;40:503505.
4.Arbeit, RD, Arthur, M, Dunn, R, Kim, C, Selander, RK, Goldstein, R. Resolution of recent evolutionary divergence among Escherichia coli from related lineages: the application of pulsed field electrophoresis to molecular epidemiology. J Infect Dis 1990;161:230235.
5.Brumfitt, W. Progress in understanding urinary infections. J Antimicrob Chemother 1991;27:922.
6.Nicolle, LE. Urinary tract infection in long-term-care facility residents. Clin Infect Dis 2000;31:757761.
7.Maslow, JN, Lee, B, Lautenbach, E. Fluoroquinolone-resistant Escherichia coli carriage in long-term care facility. Emerg Infect Dis 2005;11:889894.
8.National Committee for Clinical Laboratory Standards (NCCLS). Performance standards for antimicrobial susceptibility testing. NCCLS approved standard. Wayne, PA: NCCLS, 2001:M100-S11.
9.Maslow, JN, Mulligan, ME, Arbeit, RD. Molecular epidemiology: application of contemporary techniques to the typing of microorganisms. Clin Infect Dis 1993;17:153162.
10.Tenover, FC, Arbeit, RD, Goering, RV, et al.Interpreting chromosomal DNA restriction patterns produced by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis: criteria for bacterial strain typing. J Clin Microbiol 1995;33:22332239.

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