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Are healthcare personnel at higher risk of seasonal influenza than other working adults?

  • Brenda L. Coleman (a1) (a2), Stefan P. Kuster (a1) (a3), Kevin Katz (a4), Mark Loeb (a5), Shelly A. McNeil (a6) (a7), Matthew P. Muller (a2) (a8), Jeff Powis (a9), Andrew Simor (a10), Kristy K. L. Coleman (a1) (a11), Todd Hatchette (a7), Allison McGeer (a1) (a2) and for the Canadian Healthcare Worker Study Group (a1) (a2) (a3) (a4) (a5) (a6) (a7) (a8) (a9) (a10) (a11)...

Abstract

Background: Adults are at risk of being exposed to influenza from many sources. Healthcare personnel (HCP) have the additional risk of being exposed to ill patients.

Objective:

To determine whether HCP were at higher risk than adults working in nonhealthcare roles (non-HCP).

Design:

Prospective cohort study.

Setting:

Acute-care hospitals and other businesses in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Methods:

Adults aged 18–69 years were enrolled for 1 or more of the 2010/2011, 2011/2012, and 2012/2013 influenza seasons. Swabs collected during acute respiratory illnesses were tested for influenza and pre- and postseason blood samples were tested for influenza-specific immune response.

Results:

The adjusted odds of influenza were similar for HCP and non-HCP (odds ratio [OR], 1.29; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.63–2.63). Older adults and those vaccinated against influenza had lower odds, and those who shared their workspace and who used corrective eyewear had higher odds of influenza.

Conclusions:

HCP and other working adults are at similar risk of influenza infection.

Copyright

Corresponding author

Author for correspondence: Brenda L. Coleman, E-mail: B.Coleman@utoronto.ca

References

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Are healthcare personnel at higher risk of seasonal influenza than other working adults?

  • Brenda L. Coleman (a1) (a2), Stefan P. Kuster (a1) (a3), Kevin Katz (a4), Mark Loeb (a5), Shelly A. McNeil (a6) (a7), Matthew P. Muller (a2) (a8), Jeff Powis (a9), Andrew Simor (a10), Kristy K. L. Coleman (a1) (a11), Todd Hatchette (a7), Allison McGeer (a1) (a2) and for the Canadian Healthcare Worker Study Group (a1) (a2) (a3) (a4) (a5) (a6) (a7) (a8) (a9) (a10) (a11)...

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