Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America, Infectious Diseases Society of America, Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society. Policy statement on antimicrobial stewardship by the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America (SHEA), the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA), and the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society (PIDS). Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2012;33:322–327.
Madaras-Kelly, K, Jones, M, Remington, R, et al. Antimicrobial de-escalation of treatment for healthcare-associated pneumonia within the Veterans’ Healthcare Administration. J Antimicrob Chemother 2016;71:539–546.
Madaras-Kelly, K, Jones, M, Remington, R, et al. Description and validation of a spectrum score method to measure antimicrobial de-escalation in healthcare associated pneumonia from electronic medical records data. BMC Infect Dis 2015;15:197.
Gerber, JS, Hersh, AL, Kronman, MP, et al. Development and application of an antibiotic spectrum index for benchmarking antibiotic selection patterns across hospitals. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2017;38:993–997.
Flannery, DD, Ross, RK, Mukhopadhyay, S, et al. Temporal trends and center variation in early antibiotic use among premature infants. JAMA Netw Open 2018;1:e180164.
Cotten, CM, Taylor, S, Stoll, B, et al. Prolonged duration of initial empirical antibiotic treatment is associated with increased rates of necrotizing enterocolitis and death for extremely low birth weight infants. Pediatrics 2009;123:58–66.
Kuppala, VS, Meinzen-Derr, J, Morrow, AL, et al. Prolonged initial empirical antibiotic treatment is associated with adverse outcomes in premature infants. J Pediatr 2011;159:720–725.
Barlam, TF, Cosgrove, SE, Abbo, LM, et al. Implementing an antibiotic stewardship program: guidelines by the Infectious Diseases Society of America and the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America. Clin Infect Dis 2016;62:e51–e77.
Stenehjem, E, Hersh, AL, Sheng, X, et al. Antibiotic use in small community hospitals. Clin Infect Dis 2016;63:1273–1280.
Cotten, CM, McDonald, S, Stoll, B, et al. The association of third-generation cephalosporin use and invasive candidiasis in extremely low birth-weight infants. Pediatrics 2006;118:717–722.