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Use Of A Mobile Cart Influenza Program For Vaccination Of Hospital Employees

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  02 January 2015


Catherine Sartor
Affiliation:
Comité de Lutte contre les Infections Nosocomiales, Hòpital de la Conception, Marseille, France
Herve Tissot-Dupont
Affiliation:
Service des Maladies Infectieuses, Hòpital de la Conception, Marseille, France
Christine Zandotti
Affiliation:
Comité de Lutte contre les Infections Nosocomiales, Hòpital de la Conception, Marseille, France
Francoise Martin
Affiliation:
Service de Médecine du Travail, Hòpital de la Timone, Assistance Publique Hòpitaux de Marseille, Marseille, France
Pierre Roques
Affiliation:
Service de Médecine du Travail, Hòpital de la Conception, Marseille, France
Michel Drancourt
Affiliation:
Comité de Lutte contre les Infections Nosocomiales, Hòpital de la Conception, Marseille, France

Abstract

Objective:

Rates of annual influenza vaccination of healthcare workers (HCWs) remained low in our university hospital. This study was conducted to evaluate the impact of a mobile cart influenza vaccination program on HCW vaccination.

Methods:

From 2000 to 2002, the employee health service continued its annual influenza vaccination program and the mobile cart program was implemented throughout the institution. This program offered influenza vaccination to all employees directly on the units. Each employee completed a questionnaire. Vaccination rates were analyzed using the Mantel–Haenszel test.

Results:

The program proposed vaccination to 50% to 56% of the employees. Among the nonvaccinated employees, 52% to 53% agreed to be vaccinated. The compliance with vaccination varied from 61% to 77% among physicians and medical students and from 38% to 55% among nurses and other employees. Vaccination of the chief or associate professor of the unit was associated with a higher vaccination rate of the medical staff (P < .01). Altogether, the vaccination program led to an increase in influenza vaccination among employees from 6% in 1998 and 7% in 1999 before the mobile cart program to 32% in 2000, 35% in 2001, and 32% in 2002 (P < .001).

Conclusions:

The mobile cart program was associated with a significantly increased vaccination acceptance. Our study was able to identify HCW groups for which the mobile cart was effective and highlight the role of the unit head in its success.


Type
Original Articles
Copyright
Copyright © The Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America 2004

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