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Predicting High Prevalence of Community Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus Strains in Nursing Homes

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  02 January 2015

Courtney R. Murphy*
Affiliation:
Division of Infectious Diseases and Health Policy Research Institute, University of California, Irvine, School of Medicine, Irvine, California
Lyndsey O. Hudson
Affiliation:
Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom
Brian G. Spratt
Affiliation:
Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom
Victor Quan
Affiliation:
Division of Infectious Diseases and Health Policy Research Institute, University of California, Irvine, School of Medicine, Irvine, California
Diane Kim
Affiliation:
Division of Infectious Diseases and Health Policy Research Institute, University of California, Irvine, School of Medicine, Irvine, California
Ellena Peterson
Affiliation:
Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of California, Irvine, School of Medicine, Irvine, California
Grace Tan
Affiliation:
Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of California, Irvine, School of Medicine, Irvine, California
Kaye Evans
Affiliation:
Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of California, Irvine, School of Medicine, Irvine, California
Hildy Meyers
Affiliation:
Epidemiology and Assessment Program, Orange County Health Care Agency, Santa Ana, California
Michele Cheung
Affiliation:
Epidemiology and Assessment Program, Orange County Health Care Agency, Santa Ana, California
Bruce Y. Lee
Affiliation:
Department of Medicine, Epidemiology and Biomedical Informatics, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine and Graduate School of Public Health, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
Dana B. Mukamel
Affiliation:
Department of Medicine and Health Policy Research Institute, University of California, Irvine, School of Medicine, Irvine, California
Mark C. Enright
Affiliation:
AmphliPhi Biosciences, Colworth Science Park, Sharnbrook, Bedfordshire, United Kingdom
Matthew Whealon
Affiliation:
Division of Infectious Diseases and Health Policy Research Institute, University of California, Irvine, School of Medicine, Irvine, California
Susan S. Huang
Affiliation:
Division of Infectious Diseases and Health Policy Research Institute, University of California, Irvine, School of Medicine, Irvine, California
*
100 Theory Drive, Suite 110, Center for Health Policy Research, University of California, Irvine, Irvine, CA 92617 (courtner@uci.edu)

Abstract

We assessed characteristics associated with community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) carriage among residents of 22 nursing homes. Of MRSA-positive swabs, 25% (208/824) were positive for CA-MRSA. Median facility CA-MRSA percentage was 22% (range, 0%–44%). In multivariate models, carriage was associated with age less than 65 years (odds ratio, 1.2; P < .001) and Hispanic ethnicity (odds ratio, 1.2; P = .006). Interventions are needed to target CA-MRSA.

Type
Concise Communication
Copyright
Copyright © The Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America 2013

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References

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