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Legislative Mandates for Use of Active Surveillance Cultures to Screen for Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus and Vancomycin-Resistant Enterococci: Position Statement From the Joint SHEA and APIC Task Force

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  02 January 2015

Stephen G. Weber
Affiliation:
Section of Infectious Diseases, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois
Susan S. Huang
Affiliation:
Division of Infectious Diseases and Channing Laboratory, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachussetts
Shannon Oriola
Affiliation:
Sharp Metropolitan Medical Campus, San Diego, California
W. Charles Huskins
Affiliation:
Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota
Gary A. Noskin
Affiliation:
Northwestern University Medical School, Chicago, Illinois
Kathleen Harriman
Affiliation:
Minnesota Department of Public Health, St. Paul, Minnesota
Russell N. Olmsted
Affiliation:
Infection Control Services, St. Joseph Mercy Health System, Ann Arbor, Michigan
Marc Bonten
Affiliation:
Department of Internal Medicine, University Medical Centre Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands
Tammy Lundstrom
Affiliation:
Wayne State University-Detroit Medical Center, Detroit, Michigan
Michael W. Climo
Affiliation:
Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia
Mary-Claire Roghmann
Affiliation:
University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD
Cathryn L. Murphy
Affiliation:
Infection Control Plus, West Burleigh, Queensland, Australia
Tobi B. Karchmer
Affiliation:
Section of Infectious Diseases, Wake Forest University, Winston-Salem, North Carolina
Corresponding

Abstract

Legislation aimed at controlling antimicrobial-resistant pathogens through the use of active surveillance cultures to screen hospitalized patients has been introduced in at least 2 US states. In response to the proposed legislation, the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America (SHEA) and the Association of Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology (APIC) have developed this joint position statement. Both organizations are dedicated to combating healthcare-associated infections with a wide array of methods, including the use of active surveillance cultures in appropriate circumstances. This position statement reviews the proposed legislation and the rationale for use of active surveillance cultures, examines the scientific evidence supporting the use of this strategy, and discusses a number of unresolved issues surrounding legislation mandating use of active surveillance cultures. The following 5 consensus points are offered. (1) Although reducing the burden of antimicrobial-resistant pathogens, including methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE), is of preeminent importance, APIC and SHEA do not support legislation to mandate use of active surveillance cultures to screen for MRSA, VRE, or other antimicrobial-resistant pathogens. (2) SHEA and APIC support the continued development, validation, and application of efficacious and cost-effective strategies for the prevention of infections caused by MRSA, VRE, and other antimicrobial-resistant and antimicrobial-susceptible pathogens. (3) APIC and SHEA welcome efforts by healthcare consumers, together with private, local, state, and federal policy makers, to focus attention on and formulate solutions for the growing problem of antimicrobial resistance and healthcare-associated infections. (4) SHEA and APIC support ongoing additional research to determine and optimize the appropriateness, utility, feasibility, and cost-effectiveness of using active surveillance cultures to screen both lower-risk and high-risk populations. (5) APIC and SHEA support stronger collaboration between state and local public health authorities and institutional infection prevention and control experts.

Type
SHEA/APIC Position Statement
Copyright
Copyright © The Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America 2007

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Legislative Mandates for Use of Active Surveillance Cultures to Screen for Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus and Vancomycin-Resistant Enterococci: Position Statement From the Joint SHEA and APIC Task Force
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Legislative Mandates for Use of Active Surveillance Cultures to Screen for Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus and Vancomycin-Resistant Enterococci: Position Statement From the Joint SHEA and APIC Task Force
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Legislative Mandates for Use of Active Surveillance Cultures to Screen for Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus and Vancomycin-Resistant Enterococci: Position Statement From the Joint SHEA and APIC Task Force
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