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Detection of Hepatitis C Virus Antibody and RNA in Hemostatic Gauze Used for Dentistry

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  02 January 2015

Hiromasa Hasegawa
Affiliation:
Department of Pathology, Nihon University School of Medicine, Tokyo Department of Oral Pathology, Matsumoto Dental University School of Dentistry, Nagano
Tetsuo Yamada
Affiliation:
Division of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Aizawa Hospital, Nagano, Japan
Mariko Esumi*
Affiliation:
Department of Pathology, Nihon University School of Medicine, Tokyo
*
Nihon University School of Medicine, Department of Pathology, 30-1, Ooyaguchikami-machi, Itabashi-ku, Tokyo 173-8610, Japan

Abstract

We investigated whether the presence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection can be detected in hemostatic gauze used during oral treatments. We were able to detect both antibody to HCV and HCV RNA in samples from patients serologically proven to have HCV and also in gauze used for these patients that was left at room temperature even for as long as 24 hours. Thus, this method is useful for the screening of HCV infection in situations in which blood sampling is not feasible.

Type
Concise Communications
Copyright
Copyright © The Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America 2003

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