Hostname: page-component-848d4c4894-x5gtn Total loading time: 0 Render date: 2024-05-18T11:36:00.063Z Has data issue: false hasContentIssue false

Blogging in Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology: Assessment of ‘Blogosphere’ Content

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  18 May 2017

Gabriel Birgand*
Affiliation:
Health Protection Research Unit in Healthcare Associated Infections and Antimicrobial Resistance, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom
Rachael Troughton
Affiliation:
Health Protection Research Unit in Healthcare Associated Infections and Antimicrobial Resistance, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom
Luke S. P. Moore
Affiliation:
Health Protection Research Unit in Healthcare Associated Infections and Antimicrobial Resistance, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom
Esmita Charani
Affiliation:
Health Protection Research Unit in Healthcare Associated Infections and Antimicrobial Resistance, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom
Timothy M. Rawson
Affiliation:
Health Protection Research Unit in Healthcare Associated Infections and Antimicrobial Resistance, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom
Enrique Castro-Sánchez
Affiliation:
Health Protection Research Unit in Healthcare Associated Infections and Antimicrobial Resistance, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom
Alison H. Holmes
Affiliation:
Health Protection Research Unit in Healthcare Associated Infections and Antimicrobial Resistance, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom
*
Address correspondence to Dr Gabriel Birgand, Health Protection Research Unit in Healthcare-Associated Infections and Antimicrobial Resistance, Imperial College London, Hammersmith Campus, Du Cane Road, London W12 0NN (g.birgand@imperial.ac.uk).

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To analyze influential infectious diseases, antimicrobial stewardship, infection control, or medical microbiology blogs and bloggers

SETTING

World wide web

DESIGN

We conducted a systematic search for blogs in accordance with the PRISMA guidelines in September 2015.

METHODS

A snowball sampling approach was applied to identify blogs using various search engines. Blogs were eligible if they (1) focused on infectious diseases, antimicrobial stewardship, infection control, or medical microbiology; (2) were intended for health professionals; and (3) were written in English and (4) were updated regularly. We mapped blog and blogger characteristics and used an innovative tool to assess the architecture and content of the included blogs. The motivations and perceptions of bloggers and readers were also assessed.

RESULTS

A total of 88 blogs were identified. Moreover, 28 blogs (32%) focused on infectious diseases, 46 (52%) focused on medical microbiology, and 14 (16%) focused on infection control or antimicrobial stewardship. Bloggers were mainly male with medical doctorates and/or PhDs; 32 bloggers (36%) posted at least weekly; and 51 (58%) had a research purpose. The aims were considered clear for 23 blogs (26%), and the field covered was considered broad for 25 blogs (28%). Presentation was considered good for 22 blogs (25%), 51 blogs (58%) were easy to read, and 46 blogs (52%) included expert interpretation. Among the top 10 blogs, 3 focused on infectious diseases, 6 focused on medical microbiology, and 2 focused on infection control (2 were equally ranked). The bloggers we questioned were motivated to share their independent expertise and opinions. Readers appreciated the concise messages on scientific topics and practical updates.

CONCLUSIONS

This study describes high-level blogs in the fields of infectious diseases, infection control, and medical microbiology. Our findings suggest ways in which bloggers should build/orientate blogs for readers, and we have highlighted current gaps in blog topics such as antimicrobial stewardship.

Infect. Control Hosp. Epidemiol 2017;38:832–839

Type
Original Articles
Copyright
© 2017 by The Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America. All rights reserved 

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

Footnotes

PREVIOUS PRESENTATION. A poster summarizing the results of this study was presented at the SHEA 2016 conference, May 18–21, 2016, Atlanta, Georgia, United States.

References

REFERENCES

1. Borio, L, Cox, E, Lurie, N. combating emerging threats—accelerating the availability of medical therapies. N Engl J Med 2015;373:993995.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
2. O’Neill, J. Antimicrobial resistance: tackling a crisis for the health and wealth of nations. Review on Antimicrobial Resistance website. http://amr-review.org/. Published 2014. Accessed December 21, 2016.Google Scholar
3. Cormode, G, Krishnamurthy, B. Key differences between Web 1.0 and Web 2.0. First Monday website. http://firstmonday.org/article/view/2125/1972. Published 2008. Accessed December 21, 2016.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
4. Miller, EA, Pole, A. Diagnosis blog: checking up on health blogs in the blogosphere. Am J Public Health 2010;100:15141519.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
5. Goff, DA, Kullar, R, Newland, JG. Review of Twitter for infectious diseases clinicians: useful or a waste of time? Clin Infect Dis 2015;60:15331540.Google ScholarPubMed
6. Charles-Smith, LE, Reynolds, TL, Cameron, MA, et al. Using social media for actionable disease surveillance and outbreak management: a systematic literature review. PloS One 2015;10:e0139701.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
7. Pei, S, Muchnik, L, Tang, S, Zheng, Z, Makse, HA. Exploring the complex pattern of information spreading in online blog communities. PloS One 2015;10:e0126894.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
8. Mairs, K, McNeil, H, McLeod, J, Prorok, JC, Stolee, P. Online strategies to facilitate health-related knowledge transfer: a systematic search and review. Health Inf Lib J 2013;30:261277.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
9. Liberati, A, Alktman, DG, Tetzlaff, J, et al. The PRISMA statement for reporting systematic reviews and meta-analyses of studies that evaluate health care interventions: explanation and elaboration. PLoS Med 2009;6:e1000100.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
10. Patton, M. Qualitative Research and Evaluation Methods, 3rd edition. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage; 2002.Google Scholar
11. Hindman, M, Tsioutsiouliklis, K, Johnson, J. ‘Googlearchy’: how a few heavily-linked sites dominate politics on the Web (2003). Cite Seer website. http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/summary?doi=10.1.1.160.8347. Published 2003. Accessed March 27, 2017.Google Scholar
12. Karpf, D. Measuring influence in the political blogosphere: who’s winning and how can we tell? Polit Technol Rev 2008:3341.Google Scholar
13. Lin, M, Thoma, B, Trueger, NS, et al. Quality indicators for blogs and podcasts used in medical education: modified Delphi consensus recommendations by an international cohort of health professions educators. Postgrad Med J 2015;91:546550.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
14. Mallin, M, Schlien, S, Doctor, S, et al. A survey of the current utilization of asynchronous education among emergency medicine residents in the United States. Acad Med J Assoc Am Med Coll 2014;89:598601.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
15. Loeb, S, Bayne, CE, Frye, C, et al. Use of social media in urology: data from the American Urological Association (AUA). BJU Int 2014;113:993998.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
16. Mackay, IM, Arden, K. Virology down under. http://virologydownunder.blogspot.com/. Accessed December 21, 2016.Google Scholar
17. Perencevich, E, Edmond, M, Diekema, D. Controversies in hospital infection prevention. http://haicontroversies.blogspot.co.uk/. Accessed December 21, 2016.Google Scholar
18. Otter, JA, Voss, A, Kiernan, M. Reflection on infection prevention and control. http://reflectionsipc.com/. Accessed December 21, 2016.Google Scholar
19. Racaniello, V. Virology blog. http://virology.ws/. Accessed December 12, 2016.Google Scholar
20. Global network, neglected tropical diseases. End The Neglect website. http://endtheneglect.org/. Accessed December 21, 2016.Google Scholar
21. Adalja, A. Tracking zebra. http://www.trackingzebra.com/new-blog/. Accessed December 21, 2016.Google Scholar
22. Thoma, B, Chan, PM, Paterson, QS, et al. Emergency medicine and critical care blogs and podcasts: establishing an international consensus on quality. Ann Emerg Med 2015;66:396402.e4.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
23. Albright, K, Walker, T, Baird, S, et al. Seeking and sharing: why the pulmonary fibrosis community engages the web 2.0 environment. BMC Pulm Med 2016;16:4.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
24. Pittet, D, Simon, A, Hugonnet, S, Pessoa-Silva, CL, Sauvan, V, Perneger, TV. Hand hygiene among physicians: performance, beliefs, and perceptions. Ann Intern Med 2004;141:18.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Supplementary material: File

Birgand supplementary material

Birgand supplementary material 1

Download Birgand supplementary material(File)
File 89.6 KB