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The Evolution and Devolution of 360° Feedback

  • David W. Bracken (a1), Dale S. Rose (a2) and Allan H. Church (a3)

Abstract

In the 25+ years that the practice of 360° Feedback has been formally labeled and implemented, it has undergone many changes. Some of these have been positive (evolution) in advancing theory, research, and practice, and others less so (devolution). In this article we offer a new definition of 360° Feedback, summarize its history, discuss significant research and practice trends, and offer suggestions for all user communities (i.e., researchers, practitioners, and end users in organizations) moving forward. Our purpose is to bring new structure, discussion, and some degree of closure to key open issues in this important and enduring area of practice.

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Copyright

Corresponding author

Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed to David W. Bracken, DWBracken & Associates, 2271A Dunwoody Crossing, Atlanta, GA 30338. E-mail: dwbracken@gmail.com

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