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Laboratory study of astrophysical collisionless shock at SG-II laser facility

  • Dawei Yuan (a1), Huigang Wei (a1), Guiyun Liang (a1), Feilu Wang (a1), Yutong Li (a2) (a3) (a4), Zhe Zhang (a2), Baojun Zhu (a2), Jiarui Zhao (a2), Weiman Jiang (a2), Bo Han (a5), Xiaoxia Yuan (a5), Jiayong Zhong (a5) (a3), Xiaohui Yuan (a6), Changbo Fu (a7), Xiaopeng Zhang (a7), Chen Wang (a8), Guo Jia (a8), Jun Xiong (a8), Zhiheng Fang (a8), Shaoen Jiang (a9), Kai Du (a9), Yongkun Ding (a9), Neng Hua (a10), Zhanfeng Qiao (a10), Shenlei Zhou (a10), Baoqiang Zhu (a10), Jianqiang Zhu (a10), Gang Zhao (a1) (a11) and Jie Zhang (a6) (a3)...

Abstract

Astrophysical collisionless shocks are amazing phenomena in space and astrophysical plasmas, where supersonic flows generate electromagnetic fields through instabilities and particles can be accelerated to high energy cosmic rays. Until now, understanding these micro-processes is still a challenge despite rich astrophysical observation data have been obtained. Laboratory astrophysics, a new route to study the astrophysics, allows us to investigate them at similar extreme physical conditions in laboratory. Here we will review the recent progress of the collisionless shock experiments performed at SG-II laser facility in China. The evolution of the electrostatic shocks and Weibel-type/filamentation instabilities are observed. Inspired by the configurations of the counter-streaming plasma flows, we also carry out a novel plasma collider to generate energetic neutrons relevant to the astrophysical nuclear reactions.

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Copyright

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution licence (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Corresponding author

Correspondence to: Y. Li, Beijing National Laboratory of Condensed Matter Physics, Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China; G. Zhao, Key Laboratory of Optical Astronomy, National Astronomical Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100012, China; J. Zhang, Key Laboratory for Laser Plasmas (MoE) and Department of Physics and Astronomy, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, China. Email: ytli@iphy.ac.cn (Y. Li); gzhao@bao.ac.cn (G. Zhao); jzhang1@sjtu.edu.cn (J. Zhang).

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