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All-optical $\unicode[STIX]{x1D707}^{-}$ acceleration in the laser wakefield

  • F. Zhang (a1), Z. G. Deng (a1), L. Q. Shan (a1), Z. M. Zhang (a1), B. Bi (a1), D. X. Liu (a1), W. W. Wang (a1), Z. Q. Yuan (a1), C. Tian (a1), S. Q. Yang (a1), B. Zhang (a1) and Y. Q. Gu (a1) (a2)...


Muons produced by the Bethe–Heitler process from laser wakefield accelerated electrons interacting with high $Z$ materials have velocities close to the laser wakefield. It is possible to accelerate those muons with laser wakefield directly. Therefore for the first time we propose an all-optical ‘Generator and Booster’ scheme to accelerate the produced muons by another laser wakefield to supply a prompt, compact, low cost and controllable muon source in laser laboratories. The trapping and acceleration of muons are analyzed by one-dimensional analytic model and verified by two-dimensional particle-in-cell (PIC) simulation. It is shown that muons can be trapped in a broad energy range and accelerated to higher energy than that of electrons for longer dephasing length. We further extrapolate the dependence of the maximum acceleration energy of muons with the laser wakefield relativistic factor $\unicode[STIX]{x1D6FE}$ and the relevant initial energy $E_{0}$ . It is shown that a maximum energy up to 15.2 GeV is promising with $\unicode[STIX]{x1D6FE}=46$ and $E_{0}=1.45~\text{GeV}$ on the existing short pulse laser facilities.

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This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution licence (, which permits unrestricted re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Corresponding author

Correspondence to: Y. Q. Gu, Science and Technology on Plasma Physics Laboratory, Laser Fusion Research Center, CAEP, P.O. Box 919-986, Mianyang 621900, China. Email:


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All-optical $\unicode[STIX]{x1D707}^{-}$ acceleration in the laser wakefield

  • F. Zhang (a1), Z. G. Deng (a1), L. Q. Shan (a1), Z. M. Zhang (a1), B. Bi (a1), D. X. Liu (a1), W. W. Wang (a1), Z. Q. Yuan (a1), C. Tian (a1), S. Q. Yang (a1), B. Zhang (a1) and Y. Q. Gu (a1) (a2)...


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