Bailer, Seweryn, Stalin’s Successors: Leadership, Stability and Change in the Soviet Union, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1980;
Breslauer, George, Khrushchev and Brezhnev as Leaders, London, Allen & Unwin, 1982;
Linden, Carl A., Khrushchev and the Soviet leadership 1957–1964, Baltimore, MD, Johns Hopkins University Press, 1990;
Skilling, H. Gordon and Griffiths, Frederick, Interest Groups in Soviet Politics, Princeton, NJ, Princeton University Press, 1971.
For an analysis of earlier episodes of political pluralism in Russian history and of parallels with the late Soviet and post‐Soviet periods, see
Zhuravlev, V. V. (ed.), Vlast i oppozitsiia: rossiiskii politicheskii protsess XX stoletiia, Moscow, Rosspen, 1995.
A detailed account of the evolution of a multi‐party system in Russian politics in the late Soviet and post‐Soviet periods is provided in
Barygin, , Kolpakidi, I. and Nersesov, Iu. A., Evoliutsiia rossiiskoi mnogopartiinosti, St Petersburg, forthcoming. See also
Miller, J., Mikhail Gorbachev and the End of Soviet Power, Basingstoke, Macmillan, 1993;
Sakwa, R., Russian Politics and Society, London, Routledge, 1996
Walker, R., Six Years that Shook the World: Perestroika, the Impossible Project, Manchester, University of Manchester Press, 1993;
Pravda, A. and White, S., Gitelman, Z., Developments in Soviet and Post‐Soviet Politics, Basingstoke, Macmillan, 1992.
Until this point, Russia had been the exception among republics of the USSR in having no communist party of its own.
Literaturnaia gazeta, 16 July 1997, p. 5.
Barber, J., ‘Russia: A Crisis of Post‐Imperial Viability’, in John Dunn (ed.), Contemporary Crisis of the Nation State, Oxford, Blackwell, 1995, pp. 34–51.
Vlast’i oppozitsiia, pp. 337–52.
Barygin et al., op. cit. See also the forthcoming study of government and opposition in contemporary Russia by V. Ia. Gelman, of the European University, St Petersburg.
Ostapchuk, A., ‘Osennie soblazny oppozitsii’, Moskovskie novasti, 3–10
1997, p. 7.
Ger’man, op. cit., and V. Dzodziev, Problemy stanovleniia demokraticheskogo gosudarstva v Rossii, Moscow, Ad Marginem, 1996.
Barygin et al., op. cit.
Bystritskii, A., ‘Volga‐Volga, mat’demokratii’, Literaturnaia gazeta, 16
1997, p. 2.
Markov, S. and McFaul, M., ‘Recent Elections Indicate new Political Framework’, St Petersburg Times, 29
Iu. Nersesov, ‘Nasledniki Narodnoi voli’, Sankt‐Peterburgskie Vedomosty, 8 August 1997. (Narodnaia Volia was the revolutionary wing of Russian Populism responsible for the assassination of several leading figures, including Alexander II in 1881.