In a previous paper , I have made a study of the ”nilpotent” analogue of Hurwitz theorem  by considering a particular family of signatures called ”nilpotent admissible” . We saw however, that if μN(g) represents the order of the largest nilpotent group of automorphisms of a surface of genus g < 2, then μN(g) < 16(g − 1) and this upper bound occurs when the covering group is a triangle group having the signature (0; 2,4,8) which is in its own 2-local form
The restriction to the nilpotent groups enabled me to obtain much more precise information than was available in the general case. Moreover, all nilpotent groups attaining this maximum order turned out to be ”2-groups”. Since every finite nilpotent group is the direct product of its Sylow subgroups and the groups of automorphisms are factor groups of the Fuchsian groups, it is natural for us to study the Fuchsian groups havin p-local signatures to obtain more precise information about the finite p-groups, and hence about the finite nilpotent groups.
This suggests a new problem of determining for each prime p, the “p-group” analogue of Hurwitz theorem. It turns out, as often happens in questions of this nature, that p = 2 and p = 3 are indeed quite exceptional and harder to deal with while computing their lower central series than other primes. Actually, p = 3 is the most difficult, but all the other primes p ≥ 5 can be dealt with at once.