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Modernization of the German Anti-Corruption Criminal Law: The Next Steps

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  06 March 2019

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“Despite many successes in the anti-corruption movement, […] it must never be forgotten that both in political life and in the economic sphere there are powerful factors prompting and encouraging corrupt practices.”

Type
Developments
Copyright
Copyright © 2007 by German Law Journal GbR 

References

1 Davis, Terry, Secretary General of the Council of Europe, 31st Group of States Against Corruption Plenary (December 6, 2006).Google Scholar

2 Wolf, Sebastian, Modernization of the German Anti-Corruption Criminal Law by International Legal Provisions, 7 German Law Journal 785 (2006).Google Scholar

3 Bundesministerium der Justiz (Federal Ministry of Justice), Entwurf eines Zweiten Gesetzes zur Bekämpfung der Korruption (Second Anti-Corruption Act), Sept. 19, 2006 (on file with the author).Google Scholar

4 See Wolf, supra note 2, at 790–792 for references and requirements resulting from these international instruments.Google Scholar

5 An English translation of the Strafgesetzbuch (StGB - Penal Code) is available at http://www.iuscomp.org/gla. In the following table, EUBestG means EU-Bestechungsgesetz (EU-Anti-Corruption Act), IntBestG stands for Gesetz zur Bekämpfung Internationaler Bestechung (Act Against International Corruption), and IStGHGG means Gesetz über die Gleichstellung der Richter und Bediensteten des Internationalen Strafgerichtshofes (Act for Equalization of Judges and Officials of the International Criminal Court). See Wolf, supra note 2, at 786–787 for references.Google Scholar

6 Plus Sect. 334 Strafgesetzbuch [StGB] (Penal Code), restricted to bribery in international business transactions.Google Scholar

7 See Sanchez-Hermosilla, Fernando, Rechtpolitik zur Korruptionsbekämpfung, 57 Kriminalistik 74, 77 (2003), and Möhrenschlager, Manfred, Die Bekämpfung der Korruption auf internationaler Ebene, in Korruption in Brasilien und Deutschland 8, 25 (Wolf Paul ed., 2002).Google Scholar

8 See Justiz, Bundesministerium der, supra note 3, at 16.Google Scholar

9 See Justiz, Bundesministerium der, supra note 3, at 14–15, and infra Part D.Google Scholar

10 This has been criticized many times before: See Aaken, Anne van, Genügt das deutsche Recht den Anforderungen an die VN-Konvention gegen Korruption?, 65 Zeitschrift für ausländisches öffentliches Recht und Völkerrecht 407, 429 (2005), and Hans Herbert von Arnim, Der gekaufte Abgeordnete – Nebeneinkünfte und Korruptionsproblematik, 25 Neue Zeitschrift für Verwaltungsrecht 249, 252 (2006).Google Scholar

11 See supra Part B, Table 1.Google Scholar

12 See Sanchez-Hermosilla, supra note 7, at 77, and Wolf, supra note 2, at 792.Google Scholar

13 See Justiz, Bundesministerium der, supra note 3, at 30.Google Scholar

14 See Schünemann, Bernd, Das Strafrecht im Zeichen der Globalisierung, 150 Goltdammer's Archiv für Strafrecht 299 (2003) for a harsh critique of the present criminal law regime.Google Scholar

15 See supra Part B, Table 2.Google Scholar

16 See Winkelbauer, Wolfgang, Ketzerische Gedanken zum Tatbestand der Angestelltenbestechlichkeit (§ 299 Abs. 1 StGB), in Festschrift für Ulrich Weber, 385, 386 (Bernd Heinrich et al., eds., 2004), and Tröndle, Herbert & Fischer, Thomas, Strafgesetzbuch, § 299, para. 2 (2006).Google Scholar

17 See Vogel, Joachim, Wirtschaftskorruption und Strafrecht – ein Beitrag zu Regelungsmodellen im Wirtschaftsstrafrecht, in Festschrift für Ulrich Weber 395, 398 (Bernd Heinrich et al., eds., 2004).Google Scholar

18 See Tröndle, & Fischer, , supra note 16, at § 299, para. 10a, and Vogel, supra note 17, at 405.Google Scholar

19 See Aaken, van, supra note 10, at 429.Google Scholar

20 See Arnim, von, supra note 10, at 252.Google Scholar

21 See Stünker, Joachim, Speech to the Bundestag on September 5, 2006, Minutes of plenary proceedings No. 16/45, at 4451.Google Scholar

22 See Hans Herbert von Arnim, Regina Heiny & Stefan Ittner, Korruption. Begriff, Bekämpfungs- und Forschungslücken, GRIP Discussion Paper No. 33, 3334 (2006), available at http://www.foev-speyer.de/publikationen/pubdb.asp?reihen_id=3.Google Scholar

23 See Möhrenschlager, Manfred, Die Struktur des Straftatbestandes der Abgeordnetenbestechung auf dem Prüfstand – Historisches und Künftiges, in Festschrift für Ulrich Weber 217, 231 (Bernd Heinrich et al., eds., 2004).Google Scholar