The Abu Kharif area in the Northern Eastern Desert consists of contrasting granitic magma suites: a Cryogenian granodiorite suite (850–635 Ma), an Ediacaran monzogranite suite (635–541 Ma) and a Cambrian alkali riebeckite granite suite (541–485 Ma). Tungsten mineralization occurs within W-bearing quartz veins and a disseminated type confined to the monzogranite.
Whole-rock geochemical data classify the granodiorite as a late-orogenic I-type with calc-alkaline affinity, while the monzogranite and alkali riebeckite granite represent respectively a post-orogenic highly fractionated I-type with calc-alkaline affinity and an anorogenic A1-subtype with alkaline affinity. Geochemical modelling indicates that the three intrusions represent separate magmatic pulses where the granodiorite was generated by ∼75 % batch partial melting of an amphibolitic source followed by fractional crystallization of hornblende, biotite, apatite and titanite. The monzogranite was formed by 62 % batch partial melting of the normal ‘non-metasomatized’ Pan-African crust of calc-alkaline granite composition followed by fractional crystallization of plagioclase, biotite, K-feldspar, magnetite, ilmenite, with minor apatite and titanite. The alkali riebeckite granite was generated by 65 % batch partial melting of metasomatized Pan-African granite source followed by fractional crystallization of plagioclase, K-feldspar, amphibole and biotite with minor magnetite, apatite and titanite. In general, the parent magmas of the three intrusions were originally enriched in W, but with different concentrations. This W-enrichment would be caused by magmatic-related hydrothermal volatile-rich fluids and concentrated within the monzogranite.