Skip to main content Accessibility help

Petrogenesis of high Ba–Sr plutons with high Sr/Y ratios in an intracontinental setting: evidence from Early Cretaceous Fushan monzonites, central North China Craton

  • Xi-Yao Li (a1) (a2), San-Zhong Li (a1) (a2), Feng Huang (a3), Yong-Ming Wang (a4), Sheng-Yao Yu (a1) (a2), Hua-Hua Cao (a1) (a2) and Wei-Ming Xie (a5)...


Geochronological, major and trace element, and Sr–Nd–Hf isotopic data are reported for the monzonitic rocks of the Fushan pluton in the Taihang Mountains, central North China Craton, in order to investigate their sources, petrogenesis and tectonic implications. Zircon U–Pb dating results reveal that the Fushan pluton was emplaced during the Early Cretaceous (∼126–124 Ma). The monzonites and quartz monzonites are mainly characterized by calc-alkaline and magnesian features and display light rare earth element (LREE) enrichment and flat heavy REE (HREE) patterns with slightly positive Eu anomalies. They have similar whole-rock initial 87Sr/86Sr ratios (0.70653–0.70819), εNd(t) values (−13.6 to −18.6) and zircon εHf(t) values (−21.8 to −17.3). The primary magma of the Fushan pluton was derived from the partial melting of a spinel-facies amphibole-bearing ancient enriched lithospheric mantle. The monzonitic rocks also have high Ba–Sr and low Y and Yb contents, with high Sr/Y and La/Yb ratios. These geochemical features of monzonitic rocks are not only inherited from the magma source but also significantly enhanced by crystal fractionation during magmatic evolution; e.g. hornblende fractionation increased the Ba–Sr concentrations and Sr/Y ratios. During the Early Cretaceous, the slab sinking and roll-back of the Palaeo-Pacific Plate could have created an ancient big mantle wedge beneath East Asia and induced a lithospheric extensional process in the central North China Craton within an intracontinental setting.


Corresponding author

*Author for correspondence: San-Zhong Li, Email:


Hide All
Amelin, Y, Lee, DC, Halliday, AN and Pidgeon, RT (1999) Nature of the Earth’s earliest crust from hafnium isotopes in single detrital zircons. Nature 399, 252.
Annen, C, Blundy, JD and Sparks, RSJ (2005) The genesis of intermediate and silicic magmas in deep crustal hot zones. Journal of Petrology 47, 505–39.
Blundy, J and Dalton, J (2000) Experimental comparison of trace element partitioning between clinopyroxene and melt in carbonate and silicate systems, and implications for mantle metasomatism. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 139, 356–71.
Bouvier, A, Vervoort, JD and Patchett, PJ (2008) The Lu–Hf and Sm–Nd isotopic composition of CHUR: constraints from unequilibrated chondrites and implications for the bulk composition of terrestrial planets. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 273, 4857.
Bruand, E, Storey, C and Fowler, M (2014) Accessory mineral chemistry of high Ba–Sr granites from Northern Scotland: constraints on petrogenesis and records of whole-rock signature. Journal of Petrology 55, 1619–51.
Cao, XZ, Flament, N, Müller, D and Li, SZ (2018) The dynamic topography of Eastern China since the latest Jurassic Period. Tectonics 37, 1274–91.
Castillo, PR (2012) Adakite petrogenesis. Lithos 134135, 304–16.
Chen, B, Chen, ZC and Jahn, BM (2009) Origin of mafic enclaves from the Taihang Mesozoic orogen, north China craton. Lithos 110, 343–58.
Chen, B, Jahn, BM, Arakawa, Y and Zhai, MG (2004) Petrogenesis of the Mesozoic intrusive complexes from the southern Taihang Orogen, North China Craton: elemental and Sr–Nd–Pb isotopic constraints. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 148, 489501.
Chen, B, Jahn, BM and Suzuki, K (2013) Petrological and Nd-Sr-Os isotopic constraints on the origin of high-Mg adakitic rocks from the North China Craton: tectonic implications. Geology 41, 91–4.
Chen, B, Tian, W, Jahn, BM and Chen, ZC (2008) Zircon SHRIMP U–Pb ages and in-situ Hf isotopic analysis for the Mesozoic intrusions in South Taihang, North China craton: evidence for hybridization between mantle-derived magmas and crustal components. Lithos 102, 118–37.
Chen, FK, Satir, M, Ji, J and Zhong, D (2002) Nd–Sr–Pb isotopes of Tengchong Cenozoic volcanic rocks from western Yunnan, China: evidence for an enriched-mantle source. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences 21, 3945.
Davidson, J, Turner, S, Handley, H, MacPherson, C and Dosseto, A (2007) Amphibole “sponge” in arc crust? Geology 35, 787.
Deng, XD, Li, JW and Wen, G (2015) U-Pb geochronology of hydrothermal zircons from the Early Cretaceous iron skarn deposits in the Handan-Xingtai District, North China Craton. Economic Geology 110, 2159–80.
Depaolo, DJ (1981) Trace element and isotopic effects of combined wallrock assimilation and fractional crystallization. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 53, 189202.
Dong, JH, Chen, B and Zhou, L (2003) Petrogenesis of the Fushan pluton from the south Taihang Mountain: evidence from petrology and geochemistry. Progress in Natural Science 7, 97104 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Drummond, MS and Defant, MJ (1990) A model for Trondhjemite-Tonalite-Dacite Genesis and crustal growth via slab melting: Archean to modern comparisons. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth 95, 21503–21.
Foley, SF, Tiepolo, M and Vannucci, R (2002) Growth of early continental crust controlled by melting of amphibolite in subduction zones. Nature 417, 837–40.
Fowler, MB, Henney, PJ, Darbyshire, DPF and Greenwood, PB (2001) Petrogenesis of high Ba-Sr granites: the Rogart pluton, Sutherland. Journal of the Geological Society 158, 521–34.
Fowler, MB, Kocks, H, Darbyshire, DPF and Greenwood, PB (2008) Petrogenesis of high Ba–Sr plutons from the Northern Highlands Terrane of the British Caledonian Province. Lithos 105, 129–48.
Frost, BR, Barnes, CG, Collins, WJ, Arculus, RJ, Ellis, DJ and Frost, CD (2001) A geochemical classification for granitic rocks. Journal of Petrology 42, 2033–48.
Furman, T and Graham, D (1999) Erosion of lithospheric mantle beneath the East African Rift system: geochemical evidence from the Kivu volcanic province. Developments in Geotectonics 24, 237–62.
Gao, S, Rudnick, RL, Yuan, HL, Liu, XM, Liu, YS, Xu, WL, Ling, WL, Ayers, J, Wang, XC and Wang, QH (2004) Recycling lower continental crust in the North China craton. Nature 432, 892–7.
Gao, YF, Santosh, M, Hou, ZQ, Wei, RH, Ma, GX, Chen, ZK and Wu, JL (2012) High Sr/Y magmas generated through crystal fractionation: evidence from Mesozoic volcanic rocks in the northern Taihang orogen, North China Craton. Gondwana Research 22, 152–68.
Gao, YF, Santosh, M, Wei, RH, Ma, GX, Chen, ZK and Wu, JL (2013) Origin of high Sr/Y magmas from the northern Taihang Mountains: implications for Mesozoic porphyry copper mineralization in the North China Craton. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences 78, 143–59.
Griffin, WL, Wang, X, Jackson, SE, Pearson, NJ, O’Reilly, SY, Xu, X and Zhou, X (2002) Zircon chemistry and magma mixing, SE China: in-situ analysis of Hf isotopes, Tonglu and Pingtan igneous complexes. Lithos 61, 237–69.
Huang, F, Xu, JF, Chen, JL, Wu, JB, Zeng, YC, Xiong, QW, Chen, XF and Yu, HX (2016) Two Cenozoic tectonic events of N–S and E–W extension in the Lhasa Terrane: evidence from geology and geochronology. Lithos 245, 118–32.
Huang, F, Xu, JF, Liu, YS, Li, J, Chen, JL and Li, XY (2017) Re–Os isotope evidence from Mesozoic and Cenozoic basalts for secular evolution of the mantle beneath the North China Craton. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 172, 28.
Huang, JL and Zhao, DP (2006) High-resolution mantle tomography of China and surrounding regions. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth 111, 4813–25.
Jahn, BM, Wu, FY, Lo, CH and Tsai, CH (1999) Crust-mantle interaction induced by deep subduction of the continental crust: geochemical and Sr-Nd isotopic evidence from post-collisional mafic-ultramafic intrusions of the northern Dabie complex, central China. Chemical Geology 157, 119–46.
Jiang, N, Carlson, RW and Guo, J (2011) Source of Mesozoic intermediate-felsic igneous rocks in the North China craton: granulite xenolith evidence. Lithos 125, 335–46.
Jiang, N, Guo, JH and Chang, GH (2013) Nature and evolution of the lower crust in the eastern North China craton: a review. Earth-Science Reviews 122, 19.
La Fleche, MR, Camire, G and Jenner, GA (1998) Geochemistry of post-Acadian, Carboniferous continental intraplate basalts from the Maritimes Basin, Magdalen islands, Quebec, Canada. Chemical Geology 148, 115–36.
Le Maitre, RW (2002) Igneous Rocks: A Classification and Glossary of Terms, 2nd ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 236 pp.
Li, HY (2013) Destruction of North China Craton: insights from temporal and spatial evolution of the proto-basins and magmatism. Science China Earth Sciences 56, 464–78.
Li, JW, Bi, SJ, Selby, D, Chen, L, Vasconcelos, P, Thiede, D, Zhou, MF, Zhao, XF, Li, ZK and Qiu, HN (2012 a) Giant Mesozoic gold provinces related to the destruction of the North China craton. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 349– 350, 2637.
Li, Q, Santosh, M, Li, SR and Guo, P (2014) The formation and rejuvenation of continental crust in the central North China Craton: evidence from zircon U–Pb geochronology and Hf isotope. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences 95, 1732.
Li, SG and Wang, Y (2018) Formation time of the big mantle wedge beneath eastern China and a new lithospheric thinning mechanism of the North China craton: geodynamic effects of deep recycled carbon. Science China Earth Sciences 61, 853.
Li, SZ, Guo, LL, Xu, LQ, Somerville, ID, Cao, XZ, Yu, S, Wang, PC, Suo, YH, Liu, X and Zhao, SJ (2015) Coupling and transition of Meso–Cenozoic intracontinental deformation between the Taihang and Qinling Mountains. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences 114, 188202.
Li, SZ, Zhao, GC, Dai, LM, Liu, X, Zhou, LH, Santosh, M and Suo, YH (2012 b) Mesozoic basins in eastern China and their bearing on the deconstruction of the North China Craton. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences 47, 6479.
Li, SZ, Zhao, SJ, Liu, X, Cao, HH, Yu, S, Li, XY, Somerville, I, Yu, SY and Suo, YH (2018 a) Closure of the Proto-Tethys Ocean and Early Paleozoic amalgamation of microcontinental blocks in East Asia. Earth-Science Reviews 186, 3775.
Li, XY, Li, SZ, Suo, YH, Dai, LM, Guo, LL, Ge, FJ and Lin, PJ (2018 b) Late Cretaceous basalts and rhyolites from Shimaoshan Group in eastern Fujian Province, SE China: age, petrogenesis, and tectonic implications. International Geology Review 60, 1721–43.
Li, XY, Li, SZ, Suo, YH, Somerville, ID, Huang, F, Liu, X, Wang, PC, Han, ZX and Jin, LJ (2018 c) Early Cretaceous diabases, lamprophyres and andesites-dacites in western Shandong, North China Craton: implications for local delamination and Paleo-Pacific slab rollback. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences 160, 426–44.
Liu, JL, Shen, L, Ji, M, Guan, HM, Zhang, ZC and Zhao, ZD (2013) The Liaonan/Wanfu metamorphic core complexes in the Liaodong Peninsula: two stages of exhumation and constraints on the destruction of the North China Craton. Tectonics 32, 1121–41.
Liu, SA, Li, SG, Guo, SS, Hou, ZH and He, YS (2012) The Cretaceous adakitic–basaltic–granitic magma sequence on south-eastern margin of the North China Craton: implications for lithospheric thinning mechanism. Lithos 134135, 163–78.
Liu, X, Zhao, DP, Li, SZ and Wei, W (2017) Age of the subducting Pacific slab beneath East Asia and its geodynamic implications. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 464, 166–74.
Liu, YS, Gao, S, Hu, ZC, Gao, CG, Zong, KQ and Wang, DB (2010) Continental and oceanic crust recycling-induced melt-peridotite interactions in the Trans-North China Orogen: U–Pb dating, Hf isotopes and trace elements in zircons from mantle xenoliths. Journal of Petrology 51, 537–71.
Liu, YS, Gao, S, Jin, SY, Hu, SH, Sun, M, Zhao, ZB and Feng, JL (2001) Geochemistry of lower crustal xenoliths from Neogene Hannuoba Basalt, North China Craton: implications for petrogenesis and lower crustal composition. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 65, 2589–604.
Liu, YS, Gao, S, Yuan, HL, Zhou, L, Liu, XM, Wang, XC, Hu, ZC and Wang, LS (2004) U–Pb zircon ages and Nd, Sr, and Pb isotopes of lower crustal xenoliths from North China Craton: insights on evolution of lower continental crust. Chemical Geology 211, 87109.
Ma, L, Jiang, S, Hofmann, AW, Dai, B, Hou, M, Zhao, K, Chen, L, Li, J and Jiang, Y (2014) Lithospheric and asthenospheric sources of lamprophyres in the Jiaodong Peninsula: a consequence of rapid lithospheric thinning beneath the North China Craton? Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 124, 250–71.
Ma, Q, Xu, YG, Zheng, JP, Griffin, WL, Hong, LB and Ma, L (2016 a) Coexisting Early Cretaceous high-Mg andesites and adakitic rocks in the North China Craton: the role of water in intraplate magmatism and cratonic destruction. Journal of Petrology 57, 1279–308.
Ma, Q, Xu, YG, Zheng, JP, Sun, M, Griffin, WL, Wei, Y, Ma, L and Yu, XL (2016 b) High-Mg adakitic rocks and their complementary cumulates formed by crystal fractionation of hydrous mafic magmas in a continental crustal magma chamber. Lithos 260, 211–24.
Ma, Q, Zheng, J, Xu, Y, Griffin, WL and Zhang, R (2015) Are continental “adakites” derived from thickened or foundered lower crust? Earth and Planetary Science Letters 419, 125–33.
Maniar, PD and Piccoli, PM (1989) Tectonic discrimination of granitoids. Geological Society of America Bulletin 101, 635–43.
Martin, H, Smithies, RH, Rapp, R, Moyen, JF and Champion, D (2005) An overview of adakite, tonalite–trondhjemite–granodiorite (TTG), and sanukitoid: relationships and some implications for crustal evolution. Lithos 79, 124.
Maruyama, S, Hasegawa, A, Santosh, M, Kogiso, T, Omori, S, Nakamura, H, Kawai, K and Zhao, D (2009) The dynamics of big mantle wedge, magma factory, and metamorphic–metasomatic factory in subduction zones. Gondwana Research 16, 414–30.
McDonough, WF and Sun, SS (1995) The composition of the Earth. Chemical Geology 120, 223–53.
Morel, MLA, Nebel, O, Nebel-Jacobsen, YJ, Miller, JS and Vroon, PZ (2008) Hafnium isotope characterization of the GJ-1 zircon reference material by solution and laser-ablation MC-ICPMS. Chemical Geology 255, 231–5.
Müller, RD, Seton, M, Zahirovic, S, Williams, SE, Matthews, KJ, Wright, NM, Shephard, GE, Maloney, KT, Barnettmoore, N and Hosseinpour, M (2016) Ocean basin evolution and global-scale plate reorganization events since Pangea breakup. Annual Review of Earth & Planetary Sciences 44, 107–38.
Niu, YL (2005) Generation and evolution of basaltic magmas: some basic concepts and a new view on the origin of Mesozoic-Cenozoic basaltic volcanism in eastern China. Geological Journal of China Universities 11, 946.
Pan, FB, Zhang, HF, Xu, WC, Guo, L, Luo, BJ and Wang, S (2016) U–Pb zircon dating, geochemical and Sr–Nd–Hf isotopic compositions of Motuo quartz–monzonite: implication for the genesis and diversity of the high Ba–Sr granitoids in orogenic belt. Tectonophysics 668669, 52–64.
Peng, TP, Wang, YJ, Guo, F and Peng, BX (2004) SHRIMP zircon U-Pb geochronology of the diorites for southern Taihang Mountains in the North China Interior and its petrogenesis. Acta Petrologica Sinica 5, 264–73 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Qian, Q, Chung, SL, Li, TY and Wen, DR (2002) Geochemical characteristics and petrogenesis of the Badaling high Ba-Sr granitoids: a comparison of igneous rocks from North China and the Dabie-Sulu Orogen. Acta Petrologica Sinica 18, 275–92 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Qian, Q and Hermann, J (2010) Formation of high-Mg diorites through assimilation of peridotite by monzodiorite magma at crustal depths. Journal of Petrology 51, 1381–416.
Richards, JP and Kerrich, R (2007) Adakite-like rocks: their diverse origins and questionable role in metallogenesis. Economic Geology 102, 537–76.
Rudnick, RL (1995) Making continental crust. Nature 378, 571–7.
Rudnick, RL, McDonough, WF and Chappell, BW (1993) Carbonatite metasomatism in the northern Tanzanian mantle: petrographic and geochemical characteristics. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 114, 463–75.
Scherer, E, Münker, C and Mezger, K (2001) Calibration of the lutetium-hafnium clock. Science 293, 683–7.
Seton, M, Müller, RD, Zahirovic, S, Gaina, C, Torsvik, T, Shephard, G, Talsma, A, Gurnis, M, Turner, M and Maus, S (2012) Global continental and ocean basin reconstructions since 200 Ma. Earth-Science Reviews 113, 212–70.
Shen, JF, Santosh, M, Li, SR, Zhang, HF, Yin, N, Dong, GC, Wang, YJ, Ma, GG and Yu, HJ (2013) The Beiminghe skarn iron deposit, eastern China: geochronology, isotope geochemistry and implications for the destruction of the North China Craton. Lithos 156159, 218–29.
Sláma, J, Košler, J, Condon, DJ, Crowley, JL, Gerdes, A, Hanchar, JM, Horstwood, MSA, Morris, GA, Nasdala, L, Norberg, N, Schaltegger, U, Schoene, B, Tubrett, MN and Whitehouse, MJ (2008) Plešovice zircon: a new natural reference material for U–Pb and Hf isotopic microanalysis. Chemical Geology 249, 135.
Spera, FJ and Bohrson, WA (2001) Energy-constrained open-system magmatic processes I: general model and energy-constrained assimilation and fractional crystallization (EC-AFC) formulation. Journal of Petrology 42, 9991018.
Sun, Y, Xiao, L, Zhan, QY, Wu, JX, Zhu, D, Huang, W, Bai, M and Zhang, YH (2015) Petrogenesis of the Kuangshancun and Hongshan intrusive complexes from the Handan–Xingtai district: implications for iron mineralization associated with Mesozoic magmatism in the North China Craton. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences 113, 1162–78.
Sun, Y, Xiao, L, Zhu, D, Wu, T, Deng, X, Bai, M and Wen, G (2014) Geochemical, geochronological, and Sr–Nd–Hf isotopic constraints on the petrogenesis of the Qicun intrusive complex from the Handan–Xingtai district: implications for the mechanism of lithospheric thinning of the North China Craton. Ore Geology Reviews 57, 363–74.
Tang, YJ, Zhang, HF, Ying, JF, Su, BX, Chu, ZY, Xiao, Y and Zhao, XM (2013) Highly heterogeneous lithospheric mantle beneath the Central Zone of the North China Craton evolved from Archean mantle through diverse melt refertilization. Gondwana Research 23, 130–40.
Tarney, J and Jones, CE (1994) Trace element geochemistry of orogenic igneous rocks and crustal growth models. Journal of the Geological Society 151, 855–68.
Thirlwall, MF (1991) Long-term reproducibility of multicollector Sr and Nd isotope ratio analysis. Chemical Geology: Isotope Geoscience section 94, 85104.
Vervoort, JD and Blichert-Toft, J (1999) Evolution of the depleted mantle: Hf isotope evidence from juvenile rocks through time. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 63, 533–56.
Wang, H, Xu, Z, Lu, X, Fu, B, Lu, J, Yang, X and Zhao, Z (2016 a) Two-types of Early Cretaceous adakitic porphyries from the Luxi terrane, eastern North China Block: melting of subducted Paleo-Pacific slab and delaminated newly underplated lower crust. Lithos 240243, 140–54.
Wang, YJ, Fan, WM, Zhang, HF and Peng, TP (2006) Early Cretaceous gabbroic rocks from the Taihang Mountains: implications for a paleosubduction-related lithospheric mantle beneath the central North China Craton. Lithos 86, 281302.
Wang, YM, Huang, JS and Zhong, SJ (2015) Episodic and multistaged gravitational instability of cratonic lithosphere and its implications for reactivation of the North China Craton. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems 16, 815–33.
Wang, YM, Huang, JS, Zhong, SJ and Chen, JM (2016 b) Heat flux and topography constraints on thermochemical structure below North China Craton regions and implications for evolution of cratonic lithosphere. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth 121, 3081–98.
Wang, YY, Zeng, LS, Chen, FK, Cai, JH, Yan, GH, Hou, KJ and Wang, Q (2017) The evolution of high Ba-Sr granitoid magmatism from “crust-mantle” interaction: a record from the Laoshan and Huyanshan complexes in the central North China Craton. Acta Petrologica Sinica 33, 3873–96 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Wang, ZL, Yang, LQ, Deng, J, Santosh, M, Zhang, HF, Liu, Y, Li, RH, Huang, T, Zheng, XL and Zhao, H (2014) Gold-hosting high Ba-Sr granitoids in the Xincheng gold deposit, Jiaodong Peninsula, East China: petrogenesis and tectonic setting. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences 95, 274–99.
Windley, BF, Maruyama, S and Xiao, WJ (2010) Delamination/thinning of sub-continental lithospheric mantle under Eastern China: the role of water and multiple subduction. American Journal of Science 310, 1250–93.
Wu, FY, Lin, JQ, Wilde, SA, Zhang, XO and Yang, JH (2005) Nature and significance of the Early Cretaceous giant igneous event in eastern China. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 233, 103–19.
Wu, FY, Walker, RJ, Yang, YH, Yuan, HL and Yang, JH (2006) The chemical-temporal evolution of lithospheric mantle underlying the North China Craton. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 70, 5013–34.
Xu, JF, Shinjo, R, Defant, MJ, Wang, Q and Rapp, RP (2002) Origin of Mesozoic adakitic intrusive rocks in the Ningzhen area of east China: partial melting of delaminated lower continental crust? Geology 30, 1111–14.
Xu, WL, Yang, DB, Gao, S, Pei, FP and Yu, Y (2010) Geochemistry of peridotite xenoliths in Early Cretaceous high-Mg# diorites from the Central Orogenic Block of the North China Craton: the nature of Mesozoic lithospheric mantle and constraints on lithospheric thinning. Chemical Geology 270, 257–73.
Xu, WL, Yang, DB, Pei, FP and Yu, Y (2009 b) Petrogenesis of Fushan high-Mg# diorites from the southern Taihang Mrs. in the central North China Craton: resulting from interaction of peridotite-melt derived from partial melting of delaminated lower continental crust. Acta Petrologica Sinica 25, 1947–61 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Xu, WL, Zhou, QJ, Pei, FP, Yang, DB, Gao, S, Li, QL and Yang, YH (2013) Destruction of the North China Craton: delamination or thermal/chemical erosion? Mineral chemistry and oxygen isotope insights from websterite xenoliths. Gondwana Research 23, 119–29.
Xu, YG (2007) Diachronous lithospheric thinning of the North China Craton and formation of the Daxin’anling-Taihangshan gravity lineament. Lithos 96, 281–98.
Xu, YG, Li, HY, Hong, LB, Ma, L, Ma, Q and Sun, MD (2018) Generation of Cenozoic intraplate basalts in the big mantle wedge under eastern Asia. Science China Earth Sciences 61, 869.
Xu, YG, Li, HY, Pang, CJ and He, B (2009 a) On the timing and duration of the destruction of the North China Craton. Chinese Science Bulletin 54, 3379–96.
Yang, DB, Xu, WL, Zhao, GC, Huo, TF, Shi, JP and Yang, HT (2016) Tectonic implications of Early Cretaceous low-Mg adakitic rocks generated by partial melting of thickened lower continental crust at the southern margin of the central North China Craton. Gondwana Research 38, 220–37.
Yang, JH, O’Reilly, SY, Walker, RJ, Griffin, WL, Wu, FY, Zhang, M and Pearson, N (2010) Diachronous decratonization of the Sino-Korean craton: geochemistry of mantle xenoliths from North Korea. Geology 38, 799802.
Ye, HM, Li, XH, Li, ZX and Zhang, CL (2008) Age and origin of high Ba–Sr appinite–granites at the northwestern margin of the Tibet Plateau: implications for early Paleozoic tectonic evolution of the Western Kunlun orogenic belt. Gondwana Research 13, 126–38.
Ying, JF, Zhang, HF and Tang, YJ (2011) Crust–mantle interaction in the central North China Craton during the Mesozoic: evidence from zircon U–Pb chronology, Hf isotope and geochemistry of syenitic–monzonitic intrusions from Shanxi province. Lithos 125, 449–62.
Zhai, MG, Fan, QC, Zhang, HF, Sui, JL and Shao, JA (2007) Lower crustal processes leading to Mesozoic lithospheric thinning beneath eastern North China: underplating, replacement and delamination. Lithos 96, 3654.
Zhang, HF (2009) Peridotite-melt interaction: a key point for the destruction of cratonic lithospheric mantle. Chinese Science Bulletin 54, 3417–37.
Zhang, HF, Sun, M, Zhou, XH and Ying, JF (2005) Geochemical constraints on the origin of Mesozoic alkaline intrusive complexes from the North China Craton and tectonic implications. Lithos 69, 297317.
Zhang, HF, Zhu, RX, Santosh, M, Ying, JF, Su, BX and Hu, Y (2013) Episodic widespread magma underplating beneath the North China Craton in the Phanerozoic: implications for craton destruction. Gondwana Research 23, 95107.
Zhang, Q, Wang, Y, Qian, Q, Yang, JH, Wang, YL, Zhao, TP and Guo, GJ (2001) The characteristics and tectonic-metallogenic significances of the adakites in Yanshan period from eastern China. Acta Petrologica Sinica 17, 236–44 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Zhang, SH, Zhao, Y, Davis, GA, Ye, H and Wu, F (2014) Temporal and spatial variations of Mesozoic magmatism and deformation in the North China Craton: implications for lithospheric thinning and decratonization. Earth-Science Reviews 131, 4987.
Zhao, DP, Maruyama, S and Omori, S (2007) Mantle dynamics of Western Pacific and East Asia: insight from seismic tomography and mineral physics. Gondwana Research 11, 120–31.
Zhao, GC and Cawood, PA (2012) Precambrian geology of China. Precambrian Research 222223, 1354.
Zheng, JM, Xie, GQ, Liu, J, Chen, MH, Wang, SM, Guo, SF, Ga, X and Li, GD (2007 b) 40Ar-39Ar dating of phologopite from the Xishimen skarn iron deposit in the Handan-Xingtai area, southern Hebei, and its implications. Acta Petrologica Sinica 23, 2513–18 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Zheng, JP (2009) Comparison of mantle-derived materials from different spatiotemporal settings: implications for destructive and accretional processes of the North China Craton. Chinese Science Bulletin 54, 3397–416.
Zheng, JP, Griffin, WL, O’Reilly, SY, Yang, JS, Li, TF, Zhang, M, Zhang, RY and Liou, JG (2006) Mineral chemistry of peridotites from Paleozoic, Mesozoic and Cenozoic lithosphere: constraints on mantle evolution beneath Eastern China. Journal of Petrology 47, 2233–56.
Zheng, JP, Griffin, WL, O’Reilly, SY, Yu, CM, Zhang, HF, Pearson, N and Zhang, M (2007 a) Mechanism and timing of lithospheric modification and replacement beneath the eastern North China Craton: peridotitic xenoliths from the 100 Ma Fuxin basalts and a regional synthesis. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 71, 5203–25.
Zheng, JP, O’Reilly, SY, Griffin, WL, Lu, FX, Zhang, M and Pearson, NJ (2001) Relict refractory mantle beneath the eastern North China block: significance for lithosphere evolution. Lithos 57, 4366.
Zheng, YF, Xu, Z, Zhao, ZF and Dai, LQ (2018) Mesozoic mafic magmatism in North China: implications for thinning and destruction of cratonic lithosphere. Science China Earth Sciences 61, 353–85.
Zhu, J, Li, QG, Chen, X, Tang, HS, Wang, ZQ, Chen, YJ, Liu, SW, Xiao, B and Chen, JL (2018) Geochemistry and petrogenesis of the early Palaeozoic appinite-granite complex in the Western Kunlun Orogenic Belt, NW China: implications for Palaeozoic tectonic evolution. Geological Magazine 155, 1641–66.
Zhu, RX, Yang, JH and Wu, FY (2012) Timing of destruction of the North China Craton. Lithos 149, 5160.


Related content

Powered by UNSILO
Type Description Title
Supplementary materials

Li et al. supplementary material
Table S3

 Unknown (11 KB)
11 KB
Supplementary materials

Li et al. supplementary material
Table S2

 Unknown (16 KB)
16 KB
Supplementary materials

Li et al. supplementary material
Table S1

 Unknown (21 KB)
21 KB
Supplementary materials

Li et al. supplementary material
Table S4

 Unknown (15 KB)
15 KB

Petrogenesis of high Ba–Sr plutons with high Sr/Y ratios in an intracontinental setting: evidence from Early Cretaceous Fushan monzonites, central North China Craton

  • Xi-Yao Li (a1) (a2), San-Zhong Li (a1) (a2), Feng Huang (a3), Yong-Ming Wang (a4), Sheng-Yao Yu (a1) (a2), Hua-Hua Cao (a1) (a2) and Wei-Ming Xie (a5)...


Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed.