Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
×
Home

Late Eocene – Early Miocene facies and stratigraphic development, Taranaki Basin, New Zealand: the transition to plate boundary tectonics during regional transgression

  • Dominic P. Strogen (a1), Karen E. Higgs (a1), Angela G. Griffin (a1) and Hugh E. G. Morgans (a1)

Abstract

Eight latest Eocene to earliest Miocene stratigraphic surfaces have been identified in petroleum well data from the Taranaki Basin, New Zealand. These surfaces define seven regional sedimentary packages, of variable thickness and lithofacies, forming a mixed siliciclastic–carbonate system. The evolving tectonic setting, particularly the initial development of the Australian–Pacific convergent margin, controlled geographic, stratigraphic and facies variability. This tectonic signal overprinted a regional transgressive trend that culminated in latest Oligocene times. The earliest influence of active compressional tectonics is reflected in the preservation of latest Eocene – Early Oligocene deepwater sediments in the northern Taranaki Basin. Thickness patterns for all mid Oligocene units onwards show a shift in sedimentation to the eastern Taranaki Basin, controlled by reverse movement on the Taranaki Fault System. This resulted in the deposition of a thick sedimentary wedge, initially of coarse clastic sediments, later carbonate dominated, in the foredeep close to the fault. In contrast, Oligocene active normal faulting in a small sub-basin in the south may represent the most northerly evidence for rifting in southern Zealandia, related to Emerald Basin formation. The Early Miocene period saw a return to clastic-dominated deposition, the onset of regional regression and the southward propagation of compressional tectonics.

Copyright

Corresponding author

References

Hide All
Bache, F, Sutherland, R, Stagpoole, V, Herzer, R, Collot, J and Rouillard, P (2012) Stratigraphy of the southern Norfolk Ridge and the Reinga Basin: a record of initiation of Tonga–Kermadec–Northland subduction in the southwest Pacific. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 321–322, 4153.
Baur, J, Sutherland, R and Stern, T (2014) Anomalous passive subsidence of deep-water sedimentary basins: a prearc basin example, southern New Caledonia Trough and Taranaki Basin, New Zealand. Basin Research 26, 242–68.
Berggren, WA, Kent, DV, Swisher, CC and Aubry, MP (1995) A revised Cenozoic geochronology and chronostratigraphy. In Geochronology, Time Scales and Global Stratigraphic Correlation (eds Berggren, WA, Kent, DV, Aubry, MP and Hardenbol, J), pp. 129212. Tulsa, OK, USA: SEPM Special Publication no. 54.
Bierbrauer, K (2010) Eocene deformation and erosion in the southern Taranaki Basin – implications for a tectonic subdivision of the Kapuni Group. In New Zealand Petroleum Conference Proceedings 2010, p. 25. Wellington: Ministry of Economic Development.
Bishop, DG (1971) Geological Map of New Zealand 1:63, 360 Sheet S1, S3 and pt. S4 Farewell–Collingwood. Wellington: Department of Scientific and Industrial Research, 19 pp + 11 map.
Bradshaw, JD (1989) Cretaceous geotectonic patterns in the New Zealand region. Tectonics 8, 803–20.
Bull, S, Hill, M, Strogen, DP, Arnot, MJ, Seebeck, H, Kroeger, KF and Zhu, H (2016) Seismic Reflection Interpretation, Static Modelling and Velocity Modelling of the Southern Taranaki Basin (4D Taranaki Project). GNS Science Report 2016/02. Lower Hutt: GNS Science, 73 pp.
Bull, S, Nicol, A, Strogen, DP, Kroeger, KF and Seebeck, HS (2018) Tectonic controls on Miocene sedimentation in the Southern Taranaki Basin and implications for New Zealand plate boundary deformation. Basin Research, published online 17 October 2018. doi: 10.1111/bre.12319.
Carter, RM (1985) The mid-Oligocene Marshall Paraconformity, New Zealand: coincidence with global eustatic sea-level fall or rise? The Journal of Geology 93, 359–71.
Carter, RM and Landis, CA (1972) Correlative Oligocene unconformities in southern Australasia. Nature Physical Science 237, 12.
Catuneanu, O (2006) Principles of Sequence Stratigraphy. Amsterdam: Elsevier Science, 386 pp.
Cooper, RA (ed.) (2004) The New Zealand Geological Timescale. Institute of Geological and Nuclear Sciences Monograph 22. Lower Hutt: Institute of Geological and Nuclear Sciences, 284 pp.
Core Lab (2003) Reservoir Performance Assessment of the Tariki, Kauri, and Manutahi Sandstones Rimu-Kauri Field, New Zealand. New Zealand Unpublished Open-file Petroleum Report, PR2787, 879 pp, 813 enclosures.
de Bock, JF, Palmer, JA and Lock, RG (1990) Tariki Sandstone early Oligocene hydrocarbon reservoir, eastern Taranaki, New Zealand. In New Zealand Petroleum Conference Proceedings 1989, pp. 214–24. Wellington: Ministry of Economic Development.
Emery, D and Myers, KJ (1996) Sequence Stratigraphy. Oxford: Blackwell Science, 297 pp.
Etienne, S, Collot, J, Sutherland, R, Patriat, M, Bache, F, Rouillard, P, Henrys, S, Barker, D and Juan, C (2018) Deepwater sedimentation and Cenozoic deformation in the Southern New Caledonia Trough (Northern Zealandia, SW Pacific). Marine and Petroleum Geology 92, 764–79.
Field, BD, Browne, GH, Davy, BW, Herzer, RH, Hoskins, RH, Raine, JI, Wilson, GJ, Sewell, RJ, Smale, D and Watters, WA (1989) Cretaceous and Cenozoic Sedimentary Basins and Geological Evolution of the Canterbury Region, South Island, New Zealand. New Zealand Geological Survey Basin Studies 2. Lower Hutt: New Zealand Geological Survey, 94 pp.
Fulthorpe, CS, Carter, RM, Miller, KG and Wilson, J (1996) Marshall Paraconformity: a mid-Oligocene record of inception of the Antarctic circumpolar current and coeval glacio-eustatic lowstand? Marine and Petroleum Geology 13, 6177.
Ghisetti, FC and Sibson, RH (2006) Accommodation of compressional inversion in north-western South Island (New Zealand): old faults versus new? Journal of Structural Geology 28, 19942010.
Ghisetti, F, Sibson, RH and Hamling, I (2016) Deformed Neogene basins, active faulting and topography in Westland: distributed crustal mobility west of the Alpine fault transpressive plate boundary (South Island, New Zealand). Tectonophysics 693, 340–62.
Gradstein, FM, Ogg, JG, Schmitz, M and Ogg, G (2012) The Geologic Time Scale 2012. Amsterdam: Elselvier Science, 1176 pp.
Gresko, MJ, Jordan, DW and Thompson, PR (1992) Sequence stratigraphic analysis of Tangaroa sandstone, northern Taranaki Basin. In New Zealand Petroleum Conference Proceedings 1991, pp. 234–44. Wellington: Crown Minerals.
Hardenbol, J, Thierry, J, Farley, MB, Jacquin, T, De Graciansky, PC and Vail, PR (1998) Mesozoic and Cenozoic sequence chronostratigraphic framework of European basins. In Mesozoic and Cenozoic Sequence Stratigraphy of European Basins (eds de Graciansky, PC, Hardenbol, J, Jacquin, T and Vail, PR), pp. 313. Tulsa, OK, USA: SEPM Special Publication no. 60.
Harris, D and Frankiewicz, K (2004) Kauri-E4, Kauri-4A, Kauri-4A ST1 and Kauri-4A ST2 Well Completion Report. New Zealand Unpublished Open-file Petroleum Report, PR2968, 756 pp.
Harris, D, Frankiewicz, K, Swift, S, Aucoin, A and Scott, B (1999) Rimu-A1 Well Completion Report. New Zealand Unpublished Open-file Petroleum Report, PR2447, 1310 pp., 1313 enclosures.
Hayward, BW (1986) A Guide to Paleoenvironmental Assessment Using New Zealand Cenozoic Foraminiferal Faunas. New Zealand Geological Survey Report PAL 109. Lower Hutt: New Zealand Geological Survey, 73 pp.
Higgs, KE, Crouch, EM and Raine, JI (2017) An interdisciplinary approach to reservoir characterisation; an example from the early to middle Eocene Kaimiro Formation, Taranaki Basin, New Zealand. Marine and Petroleum Geology 86, 111–39.
Higgs, KE and King, PR (2018) Reservoir sandstone provenance and sediment dispersal in a complex tectonic setting: Taranaki Basin, New Zealand. Sedimentary Geology 372, 112–39.
Higgs, KE, King, PR, Browne, GH and Morgans, HEG (2004a) Oligocene submarine fan systems in Taranaki: a proven reservoir and an outcrop comparison. In New Zealand Petroleum Conference Proceedings 2004, 10 pp. Wellington: Ministry of Economic Development.
Higgs, KE, King, PR, Raine, JI, Sykes, R, Browne, GH, Crouch, EM and Baur, JR (2012a) Sequence stratigraphy and controls on reservoir sandstone distribution in an Eocene marginal marine-coastal plain fairway, Taranaki Basin, New Zealand. Marine and Petroleum Geology 32, 110–37.
Higgs, KE and Morgans, HEG (2001) Tuihu-1 Well Study. New Zealand Unpublished Open-file Petroleum Report, PR4541, 49 pp.
Higgs, KE, Morgans, HEG, King, PR and Browne, GH (2001) A Reservoir Study of the Tariki Sandstone, Onshore Taranaki. New Zealand Unpublished Open-file Petroleum Report, PR2616, 350 pp., 319 enclosures.
Higgs, KE, Pollock, RM, Field, BD and Strong, CP (2004b) Kauri Sandstone Reservoir Study, Taranaki Basin, New Zealand. Institute of Geological and Nuclear Sciences, Client Report 2004/72, 344 pp.
Higgs, KE, Strogen, DP, Griffin, AG, Ilg, B and Arnot, MJ (2012b) Reservoirs of the Taranaki Basin, New Zealand. GNS Science Data Series, 2012/13a. 1 CD.
Hood, SD, Nelson, CS and Kamp, PJJ (2003a) Lithostratigraphy and depositional episodes of the Oligocene carbonate-rich Tikorangi Formation, Taranaki Basin, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics 46, 363–86.
Hood, SD, Nelson, CS and Kamp, PJJ (2003b) Petrogenesis of diachronous mixed siliciclastic-carbonate megafacies in the cool-water Oligocene Tikorangi Formation, Taranaki Basin, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics 46, 387405.
Hornibrook, ND, Brazier, RC and Strong, CP (1989) Manual of New Zealand Permian to Pleistocene Foraminiferal Biostratigraphy. New Zealand Geological Survey, Paleontological Bulletin 56. Lower Hutt: New Zealand Geological Survey, 175 pp.
Johnston, MR (1979) Geology of the Nelson Urban Area. New Zealand Geological Survey Urban Series 1. Wellington: Department of Scientific and Industrial Research, 52 pp. + 51 fold map.
Jordan, DW (1989) Sedimentologic Analysis of Conventional Core Samples from the Kora-4 Well, New Zealand. New Zealand Unpublished Open-file Petroleum Report, PR1444, 38 pp.
Kamp, PJJ (1986) The mid-Cenozoic Challenger Rift system of western New Zealand and its implications for the age of Alpine fault inception. Geological Society of America Bulletin 97, 255–81.
Kamp, PJJ, Tripathi, ARP and Nelson, CS (2008) Stratigraphic Columns and Correlations for the Late Eocene – Oligocene Te Kuiti Group, Central-Western North Island, New Zealand. New Zealand Unpublished Open-file Petroleum Report, PR3901, 257 pp.
Kamp, PJJ, Tripathi, ARP and Nelson, CS (2014) Paleogeography of Late Eocene to earliest Miocene Te Kuiti Group, central-western North Island, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics 57, 128–48.
King, PR (1988 a) Well Summary Sheets, Onshore Taranaki. New Zealand Geological Survey Report G125. Wellington: Department of Scientific and Industrial Research, 14 pp.
King, PR (1988 b) Well Summary Sheets, Offshore Taranaki. New Zealand Geological Survey Report G127. Wellington: Department of Scientific and Industrial Research, 18 pp.
King, PR (2000) Tectonic reconstructions of New Zealand 40 Ma to the present. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics 43, 611–38.
King, PR, Naish, TR, Browne, GH, Field, BD and Edbrooke, SW (1999) Cretaceous to Recent Sedimentary Patterns in New Zealand. Institute of Geological and Nuclear Sciences Folio Series 1. Lower Hutt: Institute of Geological and Nuclear Sciences, 35 pp, 39 transects, 31 enclosures.
King, PR and Thrasher, GP (1996) Cretaceous–Cenozoic Geology and Petroleum Systems of the Taranaki Basin, New Zealand. Institute of Geological and Nuclear Sciences Monograph 13. Lower Hutt: Institute of Geological and Nuclear Sciences, 243 pp, 246 enclosures.
Leask, WL (1993) Brunner Coal Measures at Golden Bay, Nelson: an Eocene fluvial-estuarine deposit. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics 36, 3750.
Lever, H (2007) Review of unconformities in the late Eocene to early Miocene successions of the South Island, New Zealand: ages, correlations, and causes. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics 50, 245–61.
Lewis, DW and Belliss, SE (1984) Mid-Tertiary unconformities in the Waitaki Subdivision, North Otago. Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand 14, 251–76.
Martin, KR and Baker, JC (1991) Petrology, diagenesis and reservoir quality of sandstones from the Kapuni Group in Toru No. 1, Taranaki Basin. In Toru-1 Well Completion Report PPL 38116 (ed. Crocker, SJ), pp. 586647. New Zealand Unpublished Open-file Petroleum Report, PR1668.
Morgans, HEG, Beu, AG, Cooper, RA, Crouch, EM, Hollis, CJ, Jones, CM, Raine, JI, Strong, CP, Wilson, GJ and Wilson, GS (2004) Paleogene. In The New Zealand Geological Timescale (ed. Cooper, RA), pp. 125–61. Lower Hutt: Institute of Geological and Nuclear Sciences Monograph 22.
Morgans, HEG, Scott, GH, Beu, AG, Graham, IJ, Mumme, T, St George, W and Strong, CP (1996) New Zealand Cenozoic Timescale (version 11/96). Institute of Geological and Nuclear Sciences Science Report 96/38. Lower Hutt: Institute of Geological and Nuclear Sciences, 12 pp.
Mortimer, N, Rattenbury, MS, King, PR, Bland, KJ, Barrell, DJA, Bache, F, Begg, JG, Campbell, HJ, Cox, SC, Crampton, JS, Edbrooke, SW, Forsyth, PJ, Johnston, MR, Jongens, R, Lee, JM, Leonard, GS, Raine, JI, Skinner, DNB, Timm, C, Townsend, DB, Tulloch, AJ, Turnbull, IM and Turnbull, RE (2014) High-level stratigraphic scheme for New Zealand rocks. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics 57, 402–19.
Nathan, S, Anderson, HJ, Cook, RA, Herzer, RH, Hoskins, RH, Raine, JI and Smale, D (1986) Cretaceous and Cenozoic Sedimentary Basins of the West Coast Region, South Island, New Zealand. New Zealand Geological Survey Basin Studies 1. Wellington: Department of Scientific and Industrial Research, 89 pp.
Nelson, CS (1978) Stratigraphy and paleontology of Oligocene Te Kuiti Group, Waitomo County, South Auckland, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics 21, 553–94.
Nelson, CS, Kamp, PJJ and Young, HR (1994) Sedimentology and petrography of mass-emplaced limestone (Orahiri Limestone) on a late Oligocene shelf, western North Island, and tectonic implications for eastern margin development of Taranaki Basin. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics 37, 269–85.
Nelson, CS, Lee, D, Maxwell, PA, Maas, R, Kamp, PJJ and Cooke, S (2004) Strontium isotope dating of the New Zealand Oligocene. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics 47, 719–30.
New Zealand Petroleum & Minerals (2013) New Zealand Petroleum Basins. Wellington: Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment, 104 pp.
OMV New Zealand Limited (2004) Seal Potential of Deepwater Oligocene Carbonates. Project Outline and Phase 1 Results. PEP38485 Northern Taranaki Basin. New Zealand Unpublished Open-file Petroleum Report, PR3341, 21 pp.
OMV New Zealand Limited (2007) Moana-1 Well Completion Report. New Zealand Unpublished Open-file Petroleum Report, PR3830, 835 pp.
Palmer, J (1985) Pre-Miocene lithostratigraphy of Taranaki Basin, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics 28, 197216.
Raine, JI (1984) Outline of a Palynological Zonation of Cretaceous to Paleogene Terrestrial Sediments in West Coast Region, South Island, New Zealand. New Zealand Geological Survey, Report 109. Lower Hutt: New Zealand Geological Survey, 82 pp.
Raine, JI (2004) New Eocene and Oligocene miospore zones and subzones. Appendix to Chapter 11. In The New Zealand Geological Timescale (ed. Cooper, RA), pp. 162–3. Lower Hutt: Institute of Geological and Nuclear Sciences Monograph 22.
Raine, JI, Beu, AG, Boyes, AF, Campbell, HJ, Cooper, RA, Crampton, JS, Crundwell, MP, Hollis, CJ and Morgans, HEG (2015a) Revised Calibration of the New Zealand Geological Timescale: NZGT2015/1. GNS Science Report 2012/39. Lower Hutt: GNS Science, 53 pp.
Raine, JI, Beu, AG, Boyes, AF, Campbell, HJ, Cooper, RA, Crampton, JS, Crundwell, MP, Hollis, CJ, Morgans, HEG and Mortimer, N (2015b) New Zealand geological timescale NZGT 2015/1. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics 58, 398403.
Reilly, C, Nicol, A, Walsh, JJ and Seebeck, H (2015) Evolution of faulting and plate boundary deformation in the Southern Taranaki Basin, New Zealand. Tectonophysics 651–652, 118.
Riordan, NK, Reid, CM, Bassett, KN and Bradshaw, JD (2014) Reconsidering basin geometries of the West Coast: the influence of the Paparoa Core Complex on Oligocene rift systems. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics 57, 170–84.
Stagpoole, VM and Nicol, A (2008) Regional structure and kinematic history of a large subduction back thrust: Taranaki Fault, New Zealand. Journal of Geophysical Research 113, B01403. doi: 10.1029/2007JB005170.
Strogen, DP (comp.) (2011) Updated Paleogeographic Maps for the Taranaki Basin and Surrounds. GNS Science Report 2010/53. Lower Hutt: GNS Science, 83 pp.
Strogen, DP, Bland, KJ, Nicol, A and King, PR (2014) Paleogeography of the Taranaki Basin region during the latest Eocene–Early Miocene and implications for the ‘total drowning’ of Zealandia. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics 57, 110–27.
Strogen, DP and King, PR (2014) A New Zealandia-Wide Seismic Horizon Naming Scheme. GNS Science Report 2014/34. Lower Hutt: GNS Science, 20 pp.
Strogen, DP, Seebeck, H, Nicol, A and King, PR (2017) Two-phase Cretaceous–Paleocene rifting in the Taranaki Basin region, New Zealand; implications for Gondwana break-up. Journal of the Geological Society, London 174, 929–46.
Strong, CP (2008) Foraminiferal Biostratigraphy of Moana-1 Offshore Well, Northern Taranaki. New Zealand Unpublished Open-file Petroleum Report, PR3788, 14 pp.
Sutherland, R, Collot, J, Bache, F, Henrys, S, Barker, D, Browne, GH, Lawrence, MJF, Morgans, HEG, Hollis, CJ, Clowes, C, Mortimer, N, Rouillard, P, Gurnis, M, Etienne, S and Stratford, W (2017) Widespread compression associated with Eocene Tonga-Kermadec subduction initiation. Geology 45, 355–8.
Sutherland, R, Spasojevic, S and Gurnis, M (2010) Mantle upwelling after Gondwana subduction death explains anomalous topography and subsidence histories of eastern New Zealand and West Antarctica. Geology 38, 155–8.
Swift Energy New Zealand Ltd (2005) Tawa B-1; Tawa B-1 ST1 & Tawa B-1 ST2. New Zealand Unpublished Open-file Petroleum Report, PR3207, 1163 pp, 1166 enclosures.
Tripathi, ARP and Kamp, PJJ (2008) Timing of initiation of reverse displacement on the Taranaki Fault, northern Taranaki Basin: constraints from the on land record (Oligocene Te Kuiti Group). In New Zealand Petroleum Conference Proceedings 2008, 17 pp. Wellington: Ministry of Economic Development.
Turnbull, IM, Browne, GH, Mortimer, N and Raine, JI (2008) Eocene Paleogeography of Western Southland and its Implications for Hydrocarbon Exploration. New Zealand Unpublished Open-file Petroleum Report, PR3837, 68 pp.
Turnbull, IM, Uruski, CI, Anderson, HJ, Lindqvist, JK, Scott, GH, Morgans, HEG, Hoskins, RH, Raine, JI, Mildenhall, DC, Pocknall, DT, Beu, AG, Maxwell, PA, Smale, D, Watters, WA and Field, BD (1993) Cretaceous and Cenozoic Sedimentary Basins of Western Southland, South Island, New Zealand. Institute of Geological and Nuclear Sciences Monograph 1. Lower Hutt: Institute of Geological and Nuclear Sciences, 86 pp.
Walcott, RI (1978) Present tectonics and Late Cenozoic evolution of New Zealand. Geophysical Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society 52, 137–64.
Wood, RA and Stagpoole, VM (2007) Validation of tectonic reconstructions by crustal volume balance: New Zealand through the Cenozoic. Geological Society of America Bulletin 119, 933–43.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Geological Magazine
  • ISSN: 0016-7568
  • EISSN: 1469-5081
  • URL: /core/journals/geological-magazine
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords

Type Description Title
UNKNOWN
Supplementary materials

Strogen et al. supplementary material
Strogen et al. supplementary material 1

 Unknown (8.7 MB)
8.7 MB

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed