Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

The first Triassic ‘Protodonatan’ (Zygophlebiidae) from China: stratigraphical implications

  • D. R. ZHENG (a1) (a2), A. NEL (a3), B. WANG (a2) (a4), E. A. JARZEMBOWSKI (a2) (a5), S.-C. CHANG (a1) and H. C. ZHANG (a2)...

Abstract

The clade Triadophlebioptera within the Odonatoptera greatly diversified and became widely distributed worldwide during the Triassic. Although abundant insect fossils have been reported from the Triassic of China, no Triassic dragonflies have been recorded. In this paper, Zygophlebia tongchuanensis sp. nov., the first species of Zygophlebiidae discovered outside the Madygen Formation of Kyrgyzstan, is described from the Middle–Upper Triassic Tongchuan Formation of Shaanxi Province, northwestern China. The discovery extends the distribution of the family Zygophlebiidae in Asia, indicating a high diversity of Triadophlebioptera during Middle–Late Triassic times. Combined with the palaeontological and geochronological evidence, the age of the Tongchuan Formation is considered to be Anisian – Early Carnian, and the insect-bearing layers are considered to be Ladinian.

Copyright

Corresponding author

Authors for correspondence: dranzheng@gmail.com

References

Hide All
Bechly, G. 1996. Morphologische Untersuchungen am Flügelgeäder der rezenten Libellen und deren Stammgruppenvertreter (Insecta; Pterygota; Odonata), unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Phylogenetischen Systematik und des Grundplanes der Odonata. Petalura 2, 1402.
Béthoux, O. & Beattie, R. G. 2010. Iverya averyi gen. nov. and sp. nov., a new triadotypomorphan species from the Middle Triassic at Picton, New South Wales, Australia. Acta Geologica Sinica 84, 688–92.
Béthoux, O., de la Horra, R., Benito, M. I., Barrenechea, J. F., Galán, A. B. & López-Gómez, J. 2009. A new triadotypomorphan insect from the Anisian (Middle Triassic), Buntsandstein facies, Spain. Journal of Iberian Geology 35, 179–84.
Béthoux, O., Papier, F. & Nel, A. 2005. The Triassic radiation of the entomofauna. Comptes Rendus Palevol 4, 609–21.
Brauckmann, C. & Zessin, W. 1989. Neue Meganeuridae aus dem Namurium von Hagen-Vorhalle (BRD) und die Phylogenie der Meganisoptera. Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift (N.F.) 36, 177215.
Cohen, K. M., Finney, S. C., Gibbard, P. L. & Fan, J. X. 2013. The ICS International Chronostratigraphic Chart. Episodes 36, 199204.
Dobruskina, I. A. 1995. Keuper (Triassic) Flora from Middle Asia (Madygen, Southern Fergana). New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science Bulletin 5, 149.
Fleck, G. & Nel, A. 2002. The first isophlebioid dragonfly (Odonata: Isophlebioptera: Campterophlebiidae) from the Mesozoic of China. Palaeontology 45, 1123–36.
Hong, Y. C. 2007. Discovery of the fossil glosselytrods (Insecta: Glosselytrodea) from Shaanxi, China. Acta Entomologica Sinica 50, 271–80.
Hong, Y. C. 2009. First discovery of Mid-Triassic order Miomoptera (Insecta) in China. Geological Bulletin of China 28, 11–5.
Institute of Geology, Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences (IGCAGS). 1980. Mesozoic Stratigraphy and Palaeontology of Shanganning Basin. Volume 1, pp. 1212. Beijing: Geology Press.
Labandeira, C. C. & Sepkoski, J. J. 1993. Insect diversity in the fossil record. Science 261, 310–5.
Li, Z., Hong, Y. C. & Yang, D. 2007. A new Middle Triassic genus and species of Mylacridae (Blattodea) from China. Zootaxa 1660, 53–9.
Lin, Q. B. 1978. Upper Permian and Triassic fossil insects of Guizhou. Acta Palaeontologica Sinica 17, 313–7.
Lin, Q. B. 1992. Late Triassic insect fauna from Toksun, Xinjiang. Acta Palaeontologica Sinica 31, 313–35.
Lin, Q. B. & Mou, C. J. 1989. On insects from Upper Triassic Xiaoping Formation, Guangzhou, China. Acta Palaeontologica Sinica 28, 598603.
Liu, J., Li, L. & Li, X. W. 2013. Shrimp U-Pb zircon dating of the Triassic Ermaying and Tongchuan formations in Shanxi, China and its stratigraphic implications. Vertebrata Palasiatica 51, 162–8.
Nel, A., Béthoux, O., Bechly, G., Martínez-Delclòs, X. & Papier, F. 2001. The Permo-Triassic Odonatoptera of the “Protodonate” grade (Insecta: Odonatoptera). Annales de la Société entomologique de France (N.S.) 37, 501–25.
Nel, A., Gand, G. & Garric, J. 1999. A new family of Odonatoptera from the continental Upper Permian: the Lapeyriidae (Lodève Basin, France). Geobios 32, 6372.
Nel, A., Martínez-Delclòs, X., Paicheler, J. C. & Henrotay, M. 1993. Les ‘Anisozygoptera’ fossiles. Phylogénie et classification (Odonata). Martinia Numéro Hors Série 3, 1311.
Nel, A., Papier, F., Grauvogel-Stamm, L. & Gall, J. C. 1996. Voltzialestes triasicus gen. nov., sp. nov., le premier Odonata Protozygoptera du Trias des Vosges (France). Paleontologia Lombarda (N.S.), Milano 5, 2536.
Ponomarenko, A. G. 2002. Order Coleoptera Linne, 1758. In History of Insects (eds Rasnitsyn, A. P. & Quicke, D. L. J.), pp. 164–76. Dordrecht: Kluwer.
Ponomarenko, A. G. 2006. Changes in terrestrial biota before the Permian–Triassic ecological crisis. Paleontological Journal 40, 468–74.
Pritykina, L. N. 1981. New Triassic Odonata of Middle Asia. In New Insects from the Territory of the U.S.S.R. (eds Vishniakova, V. N., Dlussky, G. M. & Pritykina, L. N.), pp. 542. Trudy Paleontologiceskogo Instituta Akademie S.S.S.R., Moscow, no. 183.
Ren, D., Shih, C. K., Gao, T. P., Yao, Y. Z. & Zhao, Y. Y. 2012. Insect Fossil Treasures from the Mesozoic of Northeast China, pp. 1409. Beijing: Science Press.
Riek, E. F. 1976. A new collection of insects from the Upper Triassic of South Africa. Annals of the Natal Museum 22, 791820.
Riek, E. F. & Kukalová-Peck, J. 1984. A new interpretation of dragonfly wing venation based upon early Carboniferous fossils from Argentina (Insecta: Odonatoidea) and basic character states in pterygote wings. Canadian Journal of Zoology 62, 1150–66.
Shcherbakov, D. E. 2008 a. Insect recovery after the Permian/Triassic crisis. Alavesia 2, 125–31.
Shcherbakov, D. E. 2008 b. On Permian and Triassic insect faunas in relation to biogeography and the Permian–Triassic crisis. Paleontological Journal 42, 1531.
Shcherbakov, D. E. 2008 c. Madygen, Triassic Lagerstätte number one, before and after Sharov. Alavesia 2, 113–24.
Sun, A. L. 1980. Late Permian and Triassic terrestrial tetrapods of North China. Vertebrata Palasiatica 18, 100–11.
Sun, X. L. & Hong, Y. C. 2011. Mid-Triassic species of Mesopanorpodidae (Insecta, Mecoptera) from Shaanxi, China. Acta Zootaxonomica Sinica 36, 26–8.
Wu, X. C., Liu, J. & Li, J. L. 2001. The anatomy of the first Archosauriform (Diapsida) from the terrestrial Upper Triassic of China. Vertebrata Palasiatica 39, 251–65.
Zhang, H. C. 1996. Mesozoic insects of Orthophlebiidae (Insecta, Mecoptera) from Junggar Basin, Xinjiang, China. Acta Palaeontologica Sinica 35, 442–54.
Zhang, H. C., Zheng, D. R., Wang, B., Fang, Y. & Jarzembowski, E. A. 2013. The largest known Odonate in China: Hsiufua chaoi Zhang et Wang, gen. et sp. nov. from the Middle Jurassic of Inner Mongolia. Chinese Science Bulletin 58, 1340–5.
Zheng, D. R., Zhang, H. C., Zhang, Q., Li, S., Wang, H., Fang, Y., Liu, Q., Jarzembowski, E. A., Yan, E. & Wang, B. 2015. The discovery of an Early Cretaceous dragonfly Hemeroscopus baissicus Pritykina, 1977 (Hemeroscopidae) in Jiuquan, Northwest China, and its stratigraphic implications. Cretaceous Research 52, 316–22.

Keywords

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed