Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Finding the VOICE: organic carbon isotope chemostratigraphy of Late Jurassic – Early Cretaceous Arctic Canada

  • Jennifer M. Galloway (a1) (a2), Madeleine L. Vickers (a3), Gregory D. Price (a4), Terence Poulton (a1), Stephen E. Grasby (a1), Thomas Hadlari (a1), Benoit Beauchamp (a5) and Kyle Sulphur (a1) (a5)...

Abstract

A new carbon isotope record for two high-latitude sedimentary successions that span the Jurassic–Cretaceous boundary interval in the Sverdrup Basin of Arctic Canada is presented. This study, combined with other published Arctic data, shows a large negative isotopic excursion of organic carbon (δ13Corg) of 4‰ (V-PDB) and to a minimum of −30.7‰ in the probable middle Volgian Stage. This is followed by a return to less negative values of c. −27‰. A smaller positive excursion in the Valanginian Stage of c. 2‰, reaching maximum values of −24.6‰, is related to the Weissert Event. The Volgian isotopic trends are consistent with other high-latitude records but do not appear in δ13Ccarb records of Tethyan Tithonian strata. In the absence of any obvious definitive cause for the depleted δ13Corg anomaly, we suggest several possible contributing factors. The Sverdrup Basin and other Arctic areas may have experienced compositional evolution away from open-marine δ13C values during the Volgian Age due to low global or large-scale regional sea levels, and later become effectively coupled to global oceans by Valanginian time when sea level rose. A geologically sudden increase in volcanism may have caused the large negative δ13Corg values seen in the Arctic Volgian records but the lack of precise geochronological age control for the Jurassic–Cretaceous boundary precludes direct comparison with potentially coincident events, such as the Shatsky Rise. This study offers improved correlation constraints and a refined C-isotope curve for the Boreal region throughout latest Jurassic and earliest Cretaceous time.

Copyright

Corresponding author

Author for correspondence: Jennifer M. Galloway, Emails: Jennifer.Galloway@aias.au.dk; Jennifer.Galloway@canada.ca

References

Hide All
Aguirre-Urreta, MB, Lescano, M, Schmitz, MD, Tunik, M, Concheyro, A, Rawson, PF and Ramos, VA (2015) Filling the gap: new precise Early Cretaceous radioisotopic ages from the Andes. Geological Magazine 152, 557–64.
Aguirre-Urreta, MB, Naipauer, M, Lescano, M, López-Martinez, R, Pujana, I, Vennari, V, De Lena, LF, Concheyro, A and Ramos, VA (2019) The Tithonian chrono-biostratigraphy of the Neuquén Basin, Argentine Andes: a review and update. Journal of South American Earth Sciences 92, 350–67.
Aguirre-Urreta, MB, Price, GD, Ruffell, AH, Lazo, DG, Kalin, RM, Ogle, N and Rawson, PF (2008) Southern hemisphere Early Cretaceous (Valanginian-Early Barremian) carbon and oxygen isotope curves from the Neuquén basin, Argentina. Cretaceous Research 29, 8799.
Alroy, J (2010) Geographical, environmental and intrinsic biotic controls on Phanerozoic marine diversification. Palaeontology 53, 1211–35.
Amato, JM, Toro, J, Akinin, VV, Hampton, BA, Salnikov, AS and Tuchkova, MI (2015) Tectonic evolution of the Mesozoic South Anyui suture zone, eastern Russia: a critical component of paleogeographic reconstructions of the Arctic region. Geosphere 11, 1530–64.
Ardakani, OH, Sanei, H, Snowdon, LR, Outridge, PM, Obermajer, M, Stewart, R, Vandenberg, R and Boyce, K (2016) The accepted values for the internal Geological Survey of Canada (GSC) 9107 Rock-Eval 6® standard (Upper Cretaceous Second White Speckled Shale, Colorado Group), western Canada. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File no. 8043, 9 p. doi: 10.4095/298729
Balkwill, HR (1978) Evolution of Sverdrup Basin, Arctic Canada. Bulletin of AAPG 62, 1004–28.
Balkwill, HR (1983) Geology of Amund Ringnes, Cornwall, and Haig-Thomas Islands, District of Franklin. Geological Survey of Canada, Ottawa, Memoir no. 390, 76 p.
Balkwill, HR, Wilson, DG and Wall, JH (1977) Ringnes Formation (Upper Jurassic), Sverdrup Basin, Canadian Arctic Archipelago. Bulletin of Canadian Petroleum Geology 25, 1115–43.
Baraboshkin, EY (2004) Boreal-Tethyan correlation of Lower Cretaceous ammonite scales. Moscow University Geology Bulletin 59(6), 920.
Bodin, S, Krencker, F, Kothe, T, Hoffmann, R, Mattioli, E, Heimhofer, U and Kabiri, L (2016) Perturbation of the carbon cycle during the late Pliensbachian – Early Toarcian: new insight from high-resolution carbon isotope records in Morocco. Journal of African Earth Sciences 116, 89104.
Bragin, VY, Dzyuba, OS, Kazansky, AY and Shurygin, BN (2013) New data on the magnetostratigraphy of the Jurassic-Cretaceous boundary interval, Nordvik Peninsula (northeastern East Siberia). Russian Geology and Geophysics 54, 335–48.
Cohen, KM, Finney, SC, Gibbard, PL and Fan, J-X (2013) The ICS International Chronostratigraphic Chart. Episodes 36, 199204; online update http://www.stratigraphy.org/ICSchart/ChronostratChart2018-08.jpg
Cotillion, P and Rio, M (1984) Calcium carbonate, isotopes and Rock-Eval pyrolysis at DSDP Holes 77-535 and 77-540. Supplement to Cyclic sedimentation in the Cretaceous of Deep Sea Drilling Project Sites 535 and 540 (Gulf of Mexico), 534 (Central Atlantic), and in the Vocontian Basin (France). In Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project vol. 77 (eds Buffler, RT and Schlager, W), pp. 339–76. Washington: US Government Printing Office.
Davis, WJ, Schröder-Adams, C, Galloway, JM, Herrle, J and Pugh, A (2016) U-Pb geochronology of bentonites from the Upper Cretaceous Kanguk Formation, Sverdrup Basin, Arctic Canada: Constraints on sedimentation rates, biostratigraphic correlations and the late magmatic history of the High Arctic Large Igneous Province. Geological Magazine 154, 757–76.
Dewing, K, Turner, E and Harrison, JC (2007) Geological history, mineral occurrences and mineral potential of the sedimentary rocks of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago. In Mineral Deposits of Canada: A Synthesis of Major Deposit-Types, District Metallogeny, the Evolution of Geologic Provinces, and Exploration Methods (ed. Goodfellow, WD), p. 733–53. Geological Association of Canada, St John’s, Mineral Deposits Division, Special Publication no. 5.
Dickens, GR, O’Neil, JR, Rea, DK and Owen, RM (1995) Dissociation of oceanic methane hydrate as a cause of the carbon isotope excursion at the end of the Paleocene. Paleoceanography and Paleoclimatology 10, 965–71.
Dockman, DM, Pearson, DG, Heaman, LM, Gibson, SA, Sarkar, C (2018) Timing and origin of magmatism in the Sverdrup Basin, Northern Canada – Implications for lithospheric evolution in the High Arctic Large Igneous Province (HALIP). Tectonophysics 742–743, 5065.
Dore, AG (1991) The structural foundation and evolution of Mesozoic seaways between Europe and the Arctic Sea. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 87, 441–92.
Dypvik, H and Zakharov, V (2012) Fine grained epicontinental Arctic sedimentation – mineraology and geochemistry of shales form the Late Jurassic-Early Cretaceous transition. Norwegian Journal of Geology 92, 6587.
Dzyuba, OS, Izokh, OP and Shurygin, BN (2013) Carbon isotope excursions in Boreal Jurassic–Cretaceous boundary sections and their correlation potential. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 381–382, 3346.
Embry, AF (1985) New stratigraphic units, Middle Jurassic to lowermost Cretaceous succession, Arctic Islands. Geological Survey of Canada, Ottawa, Current Research Paper no. 85-1b, p. 269–76.
Embry, AF (1991) Mesozoic history of the Arctic Islands. In Innuitian Orogen and Arctic Platform of Canada and Greenland (ed. Trettin, H), pp. 369433. Geological Survey of Canada, Ottawa.
Embry, AF (2011) Petroleum prospectivity of the Triassic-Jurassic succession of Sverdrup Basin, Canadian Arctic Archipelago. In Arctic Petroleum Geology (eds Spencer, AM, Embry, AF, Gautier, DL, Stoupakova, AV and Sørenson, K), pp. 545–58. Geological Society of London, Memoir no. 35.
Embry, AF and Beauchamp, B (2019) Chapter 14 Sverdrup Basin. In The Sedimentary Basins of the United States and Canada, 2nd Edition (ed. Miall, A), p. 559–92. Amsterdam: Elsevier.
Erba, E, Bartolini, A and Larson, RL (2004) Valanginian Weissert oceanic anoxic event. Geology 32, 149–52.
Evenchick, CA, Davis, WJ, Bédard, JH, Hayward, N and Friedman, RM (2015) Evidence for protracted High Arctic large igneous province magmatism in the central Sverdrup Basin from stratigraphy, geochronology, and paleodepths of saucer-shaped sills. Geological Society of America Bulletin 127, 1366–90.
Fike, DA, Grotzinger, JP, Pratt, LM and Summons, RE (2006) Oxidation of the Ediacaran Ocean. Nature 444, 744–7.
Galloway, JM, Sweet, A, Sanei, H, Dewing, K, Hadlari, T, Embry, AF and Swindles, GT (2013) Middle Jurassic to Lower Cretaceous paleoclimate of Sverdrup Basin, Canadian Arctic Archipelago inferred from the palynostratigraphy. Marine and Petroleum Geology 44, 240–55.
Geldmacher, J, van den Borgaard, P, Heydolph, K and Hoernle, K (2014) The age of Earth’s largest volcano: Tamu Massif on Shatsky Rise (northwest Pacific Ocean). International Journal of Earth Sciences 103, 2351–7.
Grasby, SE, McCune, GE, Beauchamp, B and Galloway, JM (2017) Lower Cretaceous cold snaps led to widespread glendonite occurrences in the Sverdrup Basin, Canadian High Arctic. Geological Society of America Bulletin 129, 771878.
Gröcke, DR, Price, GD, Robinson, SA, Baraboshkin, EY, Mutterlose, J and Ruffell, AH (2005) The Upper Valanginian (Early Cretaceous) positive carbon-isotope event recorded in terrestrial plants. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 240, 495509.
Hadlari, T, Dewing, K, Matthews, WA, Alsonso-Torres, D and Midwinter, D (2018) Early Triassic development of a foreland basin the Canadian high Arctic: Implications for a Pangean Rim of Fire. Tectonophysics 736, 7584.
Hadlari, T, Midwinter, D, Galloway, JM, Durbano, AM (2016) Mesozoic rift to post-rift tectonostratigraphy of the Sverdrup Basin, Canadian Arctic. Marine and Petroleum Geology 76, 148–58.
Hadlari, T, Midwinter, D, Poulton, TP and Matthews, WA (2017) A Pangean rim of fire: Reviewing the Triassic of western Laurentia. Lithosphere 9, 579–82.
Hallam, A (1986) The Pliensbachian and Tithonian extinction events. Nature 319, 765–8.
Hammer, Ø, Collignon, M and Nakrem, HA (2012) Organic carbon isotope chemostratigraphy and cyclostratigraphy in the Volgian of Svalbard. Norwegian Journal of Geology 92, 103–12.
Hammer, Ø, Nakrem, HA, Little, CTS, Hryniewicz, K, Sandy, MR, Hurum, JH, Druckenmiller, P, Knutsen, EM and Høyberget, M (2011) Hydrocarbon seeps from close to the Jurassic-Cretaceous boundary, Svalbard. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 306, 1526.
Han, Z, Hu, X, Kemp, DB and Li, J (2018) Carbonate platform response to the Toarcian Oceanic Anoxic Event in the southern hemisphere: Implications for climatic change and biotic platform demise. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 489, 5971.
Haq, BU (2017) Jurassic sea-level variations: a reappraisal. GSA Today 28, no. 1, doi: 10.1130/GSATG359A.1.
Hardenbol, J, Thierry, J, Farley, MB, Jacquin, T, de Graciansky, P-C and Vail, PR (1998) Mesozoic and Cenozoic sequence chronostratigraphic framework of European basins. In Mesozoic and Cenozoic Sequence Stratigraphy of European Basins (eds de Graciansky, P-C, Hardenbol, J, Jacquin, T and Vail, PR), p. 313, charts 1-8. Society for Sedimentary Geology (SEPM), Tulsa, Special Publication no. 60.
Herrle, J, Schröder-Adams, CJ, Davis, W, Pugh, AT, Galloway, JM and Fath, J (2015) Mid-Cretaceous High Arctic stratigraphy, climate and Oceanic Anoxic Events. Geology 43, 403–6.
Hesselbo, SP, Gröcke, DR, Jenkyns, HC, Bjerrum, CJ, Farrimond, P, Morgans Bell, HS and Green, OR (2000) Massive dissociation of gas hydrate during a Jurassic oceanic anoxic event. Nature 406, 392–5.
Heywood, WW (1957) Isachsen area, Ellef Ringnes Island, District of Franklin, Northwest Territories. Geological Survey of Canada, Ottawa, Paper no. 56–8, 36 p.
Holmden, CE, Creaser, RA, Muehlenbachs, K, Leslie, SA and Bergström, SM (1998) Isotopic evidence for geochemical decoupling between ancient epeiric seas and bordering oceans: Implications for secular curves. Geology 26, 567–70.
Houša, V, Pruner, P, Zakharov, VA, Košťák, M, Chadima, M, Rogov, MA, Šlechta, S and Mazuch, M (2007) Boreal-Tethyan correlation of the Jurassic-Cretaceous boundary interval by magnetostratigraphy and biostratigraphy. Stratigraphy Geological Correlation 15, 297309.
Hunt, JM (1996) Petroleum Geochemistry and Geology, 2nd Edition. New York: WH Freeman and Co., 743 pp.
Immenhauser, A, della Porta, G, Kenter, JAM and Bahamonde, JR (2003) An alternative model for positive shifts in shallow-marine carbonate δ13C and δ18O. Sedimentology 50, 953–59.
Jeletzky, JA (1964) Illustrations of Canadian Fossils. Lower Cretaceous marine index fossils of the sedimentary basins of western and Arctic Canada. Geological Survey of Canada, Ottawa, Paper no. 64-11 (101 p., 36 plates).
Jeletzky, JA (1973) Biochronology of the marine boreal latest Jurassic, Berriasian and Valanginian in Canada. Geological Journal Special Issue no. 5, 4180.
Jeletzky, JA (1984) Jurassic-Cretaceous boundary beds of western and Arctic Canada and the problem of the Tithonian-Berriasian stages in the Boreal Realm. In Jurassic-Cretaceous Biochronology and Paleogeography of North America (ed. Westernamm, GEG), p. 175254. Geological Association of Canada, St John’s, Special Paper no. 27.
Jenkyns, HC, Jones, CE, Gröcke, DR, Hesselbo, SP and Parkinson, DN (2002) Chemostratigraphy of the Jurassic system: applications, limitations and implications for palaeoceanography. Journal of the Geological Society of London 159, 351–78.
Katz, ME, Wright, JD, Miller, KG, Cramer, BS, Fennel, K and Falkowski, PG (2005) Biological overprint of the geological carbon cycle. Marine Geology 217, 323–38.
Kemper, E (1975) Upper Deer Bay Formation (Berriasian-Valanginian) of Sverdrup Basin and biostratigraphy of the Arctic Valanginian. Geological Survey of Canada, Ottawa, Paper no. 75-1B, p. 245–54.
Kemper, E (1977) Biostratigraphy of the Valanginian in Sverdrup Basin, District of Franklin. Geological Survey of Canada, Ottawa, Paper no. 76–32, 6 p.
Kemper, E (1983) Über Kalt- und Warmzeiten der Unterkreide. Zitteliana 10, 359–69.
Kemper, E (1987) Das Klima der Kreide-Zeit. Geologisches Jahrbuch A96, 5185.
Kemper, E and Jeletzky, JA (1979) New stratigraphically and phylogenetically important olcostephanid (Ammonitida) taxa from the uppermost Lower and Upper Valanginian of Sverdrup Basin, Northwest Territories. Geological Survey of Canada, Ottawa, Paper no. 79–19, 25p.
Kemper, E and Schmitz, HH (1975) Stellate nodules from the upper Deer Bay Formation (Valanginian) of Arctic Canada. Geological Survey of Canada, Ottawa, Paper no. 75-1C, p. 109119.
Kiel, S (2009) Global hydrocarbon seep carbonate precipitation correlates with deep-water temperatures and eustatic sea-level fluctuations since the Late Jurassic. Terra Nova 21, 279–84.
Kingsbury, C, Kamo, SL, Ernst, RE, Söderlund, U and Cousens, BL (2018) U-Pb geochronology of the plumbing system associated with the Late Cretaceous Strand Fiord Formation, Axel Heiberg Island, Canada: part of the 130-90 Ma High Arctic Large Igneous Province. Journal of Geodynamics 118, 106–17.
Koevoets, MJ, Abay, TB, Hammer, Ø and Olaussen, S (2016) High-resolution organic carbon–isotope stratigraphy of the Middle Jurassic–Lower Cretaceous Agardhfjellet Formation of central Spitsbergen, Svalbard. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 449, 266–74.
Kump, LR and Arthur, MA (1999) Interpreting carbon-isotope excursions: carbonates and organic matter. Chemical Geology 161, 181–98.
Küspert, W (1982) Environmental changes during oil shale deposition as deduced from stable isotope ratios. In Cyclic and Event Stratification (eds Einsele, G and Seilacher, A), pp. 482501. Springer, Heidelberg.
Lena, L, López-Martínez, R, Lescano, M, Aguire-Urreta, B, Concheyro, A, Vennari, V, Naipauer, M, Samankassou, E, Pimentel, M, Ramos, VA and Schaltegger, U (2019) High-precision U-Pb ages in the early Tithonian to early Berriasian and implications for the numerical age of the Jurassic-Cretaceous boundary. Solid Earth 10, 114.
Lini, A, Weissert, H and Erba, E (1992) The Valanginian carbon isotope event: a first episode of greenhouse climate conditions during the Cretaceous. Terra Nova 4, 374–84.
Maher, DM Jr (2001) Manifestations of the High Arctic Large Igneous Province in Svalbard. Journal of Geology 109, 91104.
Mahoney, JJ, Duncan, RA, Tejada, MLG, Sager, WW and Bralower, TJ (2005) Jurassic-Cretaceous boundary age and mid-ocean-ridge-type mantle source for Shatsky Rise. Geology 33, 185–8.
Meyer, KM, Yu, M, Lehrmann, D, van de Schootbrugge, B and Payne, JL (2013) Constraints on early Triassic carbon cycle dynamics from paired organic and inorganic carbon isotope records. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 361, 429–35.
Michalík, J, Reháková, D, Halásová, E and Lintnerová, O (2009) The Brodno section – a potential regional stratotype of the Jurassic/Cretaceous boundary (Western Carpathians). Geological Carpathica 60, 213–32.
Midwinter, D, Hadlari, T, Davis, WJ, Dewing, K and Arnott, RWC (2016) Dual provenance signatures of the Triassic northern Laurentian margin from detrital zircon U-Pb and Hf isotope analysis of Triassic-Jurassic strata in the Sverdrup Basin. Lithosphere 8, 668–83.
Morgans-Bell, HS, Coe, AL, Hesselbo, SP, Jenkyns, HC, Weedon, GP, Marshall, JEA, Tyson, RV and Williams, CJ (2001) Integrated stratigraphy of the Kimmeridge Clay Formation (Upper Jurassic) based on exposures and boreholes in south Dorset, UK. Geological Magazine 138, 511–39.
Mountjoy, EW and Procter, RM (1969) Eleven descriptions of Jurassic-Cretaceous rocks in Arctic plateau and Arctic coastal plain. Geological Survey of Canada, Ottawa, Open File 16, 65p.
Mutterlose, J, Bodin, S and Fähnrich, L (2014) Strontium-isotope stratigraphy of the Early Cretaceous (Valanginian–Barremian). Implications for Boreal–Tethys correlation and paleoclimate. Cretaceous Research 50, 252–63
Nunn, EV and Price, GD (2010) Late Jurassic (Kimmeridgian–Tithonian) stable isotopes (δ18O, δ13C) and Mg/Ca ratios: new palaeoclimate data from Helmsdale, northeast Scotland. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 292, 325–35.
Ogg, JG and Hinnov, LA (2012) Jurassic. Chapter 26. In The Geologic Time Scale 2012 (eds Gradstein, FM, Ogg, JG, Schmitz, MD and Ogg, GM), p. 731–91. Elsevier, Boston.
Ogg, JG and Lowrie, W (1986) Magnetostratigraphy of the Jurassic/Cretaceous boundary. Geology 14, 547–50.
Omma, JE, Pease, V and Scott, RA (2011) U–Pb SIMS zircon geochronology of Triassic and Jurassic sandstones on northwestern Axel Heiberg Island, northern Sverdrup Basin, Arctic Canada. In Arctic Petroleum Geology (eds Spencer, AM, Embry, AF, Gautier, DL, Stoupakova, AV and Sørensen, K), p. 559–66. Geological Society of London, Memoir no. 35.
Padden, M, Weissert, H and de Rafelis, M (2001) Evidence for Late Jurassic release of methane from gas hydrate. Geology 29, 223–6.
Patterson, WP and Walter, LM (1994) Depletion of 13C in seawater ΣCO2 on modern carbonate platforms: Significance for the carbon isotopic record of carbonates. Geology 22, 885–8.
Pauly, S, Mutterlose, J and Alsen, P (2013) Depositional environments of Lower Cretaceous (Ryazanian–Barremian) sediments from Wollaston Forland and Kuhn Ø, North-East Greenland. Geological Society of Denmark, Bulletin 61, 1936.
Poulton, TP (1994) Jurassic stratigraphy and fossil occurrences – Melville, Prince Patrick, and Borden Islands. In The Geology of Melville Island (eds Christie, RL and McMillan, NJ), p. 161193. Geological Survey of Canada, Ottawa, Bulletin no. 450.
Poulton, TP (1996) Chapter 10 Jurassic. In The Geology, Mineral and Hydrocarbon Potential of Northern Yukon Territory and Northwestern District of Mackenzie (ed Norris, DK), p. 267299. Geological Survey of Canada, Ottawa, Bulletin no. 422.
Price, GD and Gröcke, DR (2002) Strontium-isotope stratigraphy and oxygen- and carbon-isotope variation during the Middle Jurassic-Early Cretaceous of the Falkland Plateau, South Atlantic. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 183, 209–22.
Price, GD, Főzy, I and Pálfy, J (2016) Carbon cycle history through the Jurassic–Cretaceous boundary: A new global δ13C stack. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 451, 4661.
Price, GD and Rogov, MA (2009) An isotopic appraisal of the Late Jurassic greenhouse phase in the Russian Platform. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 273, 41–9.
Rogov, MA, Ershova, VB, Shchepetova, EV, Zakharov, VA, Pokrovsky, BG and Khudoley, AK (2017) Earliest Cretaceous (late Berriasian) glendonites from Northeast Siberia revise the timing of initiation of transient Early Cretaceous cooling in the high latitudes. Cretaceous Research 71, 302–112.
Sager, WW, Zhang, J, Korenaga, J, Sano, T, Koppers, AAP, Widdowson, M, and Mahoney, JJ (2013) An immense shield volcano within the Shatsky Rise oceanic plateau, northwest Pacific Ocean. Nature Geoscience 6, 976–81.
Schnabl, P, Pruner, P and Wimbledon, WAP (2015) A review of magnetostratigraphic results from the Tithonian-Berriasian of Nordvik (Siberia) and possible biostratigraphic constraints. Geologica Carpathia 66, 487–98.
Schneider, S, Kelly, SA, Mutterlose, J, Hulse, P and Lopez-Mir, B (2019) Frosty times in the Sverdrup Basin: The Jurassic-Cretaceous transition in the Rollrock Section, Canadian Arctic Archipelago. In JK2018 – Proceedings of International Meeting around the Jurassic-Cretaceous Boundary (ed Granier, B), p. 7576. Carnets de Geologie, Madrid, Book 2019/01 (CG2019_B01).
Schröder-Adams, CJ, Herrle, JO, Selby, D, Quesnel, A and Froude, G (2019) Influence of the High Arctic Igneous Province on the Cenomanian/Turonian boundary interval, Sverdrup Basin, High Canadian Arctic. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 511, 7688.
Scotese, CR (2014) Atlas of Plate Tectonic Reconstructions (Mollweide Projection), Volumes 1–6, PALEOMAP Project PaleoAtlas for ArcGIS, PALEOMAP Project, Evanston, IL.
Selmeier, A and Grosser, D (2011) Lower Cretaceous conifer drift wood from Sverdrup Basin, Canadian Arctic Archipelago. Zitteliana 51, 1935.
Shurygin, BN and Dzyuba, OS (2015) The Jurassic/Cretaceous boundary in northern Siberia and Boreal-Tethyan correlation of the boundary beds. Russian Geology and Geophysics 56, 652–62.
Souther, JG (1963) Geological traverse across Axel Heiberg Island from Buchanan Lake to Strand Fiord. In Geology of the North-Central Part of the Arctic Archipelago, Northwest Territories (Operation Franklin) (compiler, YO Fortier), p. 427–48. Geological Survey of Canada, Ottawa, Memoir no. 320.
Tennant, JP, Mannion, PD, Upchurch, P, Sutton, MD and Price, GD (2017) Biotic and environmental dynamics through the Late Jurassic–Early Cretaceous transition: evidence for protracted faunal and ecological turnover. Biological Reviews 92, 776814.
Turner, HE, Batenburg, SJ, Gale, AS and Gradstein, FM (2019) The Kimmeridge Clay Formation (Upper Jurassic–Lower Cretaceous) of the Norwegian Continental Shelf and Dorset, UK: a chemostratigraphic correlation. Newsletters on Stratigraphy 52, 132.
Tyson, RV (1995) Sedimentary Organic Matter: Organic facies and playnofacies. London: Chapman and Hall, 651 pp.
Vickers, ML, Price, GD, Jerrett, RM, Sutton, P, Watkinson, MP and FitzPatrick, M (2019) The duration and magnitude of Cretaceous cold events: Evidence from the northern high latitudes. Geological Society of America (GSA) Bulletin 131, 1979–94.
Vickers, ML, Price, GD, Jerrett, RM and Watkinson, M (2016) Stratigraphic and geochemical expression of Barremian–Aptian global climate change in Arctic Svalbard. Geosphere 12, 1594 doi: 10.1130/GES01344.1
Voigt, S and Hilbrecht, H (1997) Late Cretaceous carbon isotope stratigraphy in Europe: Correlation and relations with sea level and sediment stability. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 134, 3959.
Weissert, H and Channell, JET (1989) Tethyan carbonate carbon isotope stratigraphy across the Jurassic–Cretaceous boundary: an indicator of decelerated carbon cycling. Paleoceanography 4, 483–94.
Weissert, H and Erba, E (2004) Volcanism, CO2, and palaeoclimate: A Late Jurassic–Early Cretaceous carbon and oxygen isotope record. Journal of the Geological Society of London 161, 695702.
Weissert, H and Mohr, H (1996) Late Jurassic climate and its impact on carbon cycling. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 122, 2743.
Wierzbowski, H and Joachimski, M (2009) Stable isotopes, elemental distribution, and growth rings of belemnopsid belemnite rostra: proxies for belemnite life habitat. Palaios 24, 377–86.
Wimbledon, WAP (2017) Developments with fixing a Tithonian/Berriasian (J/K) boundary. Volume Jurassica 15, 181–6.
Wimbledon, WAP, Casellato, CE, Reháková, D, Bulot, LG, Erba, E, Gardin, S, Verreussel, RMCH, Munsterman, DK and Hunt, CO (2011) Fixing a basal Berriasian and Jurassic/Cretaceous (J/K) boundary - is there perhaps some light at the end of the tunnel? Rivista Italiana di Paleontologia e Stratigrafia 117, 295307.
Wortmann, UG and Weissert, H (2000) Tying platform drowning to perturbations of the global carbon cycle with a δ13Corg-curve from the Valanginian of DSDP Site 416. Terra Nova 12, 289–94.
Wright, CW, Callomon, JH and Howarth, MK (1996) Part L Mollusca 4 (revised) Cretaceous Ammonoidea Vol. 4. In Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology (eds Kaesler, RL et al.). Geological Society of America, Boulder and the University of Kansas, Lawrence.
Yasuhara, M, Ando, A and Iba, Y (2017) Past emergent phase of Shatsky Rise deep marine igneous plateau. Scientific Reports 7, 15423.
Žák, K, Košťák, M, Man, O, Zakharov, VA, Rogov, MA, Pruner, P, Dzyuba, OS, Rohovec, J and Mazuch, M (2011) Comparison of carbonate C and O stable isotope records across the Jurassic/Cretaceous boundary in the Boreal and Tethyan Realms. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 299, 8396.
Zakharov, VA, Bogomolov, Y, Il’ina, VI, Konstantinov, AG, Kurushin, NI, Lebedeva, NK, Meledina, SV, Nikitenko, BL, Sobolev, ES and Shurygin, BN (1997) Boreal zonal standard and biostratigraphy of the Siberian Mesozoic. Russian Geology and Geophysics 38, 965–93.
Zakharov, VA, Bown, P and Rawson, PF (1996) The Berriasian stage and the Jurassic–Cretaceous boundary. In Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on Cretaceous Stage Boundaries (eds Rawson, PF, Dhondt, AV, Hancock, JM and Kennedy, WJ), p. 710. L’Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique, Brussels, Bulletin no. 66.
Zakharov, VA, Rogov, MA, Dzyuba, OS, Žák, K, Košt’ák, M, Pruner, P, Skupien, P, Chadima, M, Mazuch, M and Nikitenko, BL (2014) Palaeoenvironments and palaeoceanography changes across the Jurassic/Cretaceous boundary in the Arctic realm: case study of the Nordvik section (north Siberia, Russia). Polar Research 33, 19714, doi: 10.3402/polar.v33.19714
Ziegler, PA (1988) Evolution of the Arctic-North Atlantic and Western Tethys. American Association of Petroleum Geologists Memoir 43, 198.

Keywords

Type Description Title
PDF
Supplementary materials

Galloway et al. supplementary material
Galloway et al. supplementary material

 PDF (558 KB)
558 KB

Finding the VOICE: organic carbon isotope chemostratigraphy of Late Jurassic – Early Cretaceous Arctic Canada

  • Jennifer M. Galloway (a1) (a2), Madeleine L. Vickers (a3), Gregory D. Price (a4), Terence Poulton (a1), Stephen E. Grasby (a1), Thomas Hadlari (a1), Benoit Beauchamp (a5) and Kyle Sulphur (a1) (a5)...

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed.