Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Parasitoids (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea) of Saissetia spp. (Homoptera: Coccidae) in Mexico

  • Svetlana Nikolaevna Myartseva (a1), Enrique Ruíz-Cancino (a1) and Juana María Coronado-Blanco (a1)

Abstract

Introduction. The genus Saissetia has 47 described species in the world, four of them in Mexico (S. oleae, S. miranda, S. neglecta and S. tolucana). These species attack different crops, including citrus, olives and ornamentals. Most introductions of natural enemies against S. oleae have been undertaken in North and South America, Australia and the Mediterranean countries. However, no natural enemy species have been purposedly introduced into Mexico against Saissetia spp. Materials and methods. During 1998–2003, samples of Saissetia spp. were collected in the States of Tamaulipas, Veracruz, Oaxaca and Guanajuato; all the emerged parasitoids were determined. Appropriate scientific publications were consulted to find out about any other Saissetia parasitoids recorded from Mexico. Results and discussion. Seventeen parasitoid species from five families of Chalcidoidea (Aphelinidae, Encyrtidae, Eupelmidae, Pteromalidae and Signiphoridae) were reared from Saissetia spp. in Mexico. Conclusions. In Mexico, the species of Saissetia prefer ornamental plants and are usually heavily parasitized by several chalcidoids. Native biological control of Saissetia spp. by different parasitoids has been effective for many years in Mexico. As a result, the species of Saissetia are not considered as primary or secondary pests of citrus and ornamentals.

Copyright

Corresponding author

References

Hide All
[1] Ben-Dov Y., A systematic catalogue of the soft scale insects of the world. Flora and Fauna Handbook No. 9, Sandhill Crane Press, Gainesville, USA, 1993, 536 p.
[2] Miller, D.R., Checklist of the scale insects (Coccoidea: Homoptera) of Mexico, Proc. Entomol. Soc. Wash. 98 (1) (1996) 6886.
[3] De Lotto G., On the black scales of southern Europe (Homoptera: Coccoidea: Coccidae). J. Entomol. Soc. South. Afr. 39 (1976) 147–149.
[4] Bartlett B.R., Coccidae, in: Clausen C.P. (Ed.), Introduced parasites and predators of arthropod pests and weeds: a world review, USDA Handbook No. 480, USA, 1978, pp. 57–74.
[5] Hamon A.B., Williams M.L., The soft scales of Florida (Homoptera: Coccoidea), Arthropods of Florida and neighboring land areas, Vol. 11, Fla. Dep. Agric. Consum. Serv. Contrib. No. 600, Gainesville, USA, 1984, 194 p.
[6] Dean, H.A., Hart, W.G., Saissetia miranda (Homoptera: Coccidae), a potential pest of citrus in Texas, Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 65 (1972) 478481.
[7] Ruíz C.E., Coronado B.J.M., Plagas del cedro rojo Cedrela odorata L. en Tamaulipas, norte de Veracruz y de San Luis Potosí, UAT – UAMAC. Foll. Divulg. No. 8, 2002, 4 p.
[8] Compere, H., The insect enemies of the black scale, Saissetia oleae (Bern.) in South America, Univ. Calif. Publ. Entomol. 7 (1939) 7590.
[9] Compere, H., Parasites of the black scale, Saissetia oleae (Bernard), in Africa, Hilgardia 13 (1940) 387425.
[10] Clausen, C.P., Releases of recently imported insect parasites and predators in California, 1956–1957, Pan-Pac. Entomol. 35 (2) (1959) 107108.
[11] Durán, M., Un enemigo natural de la Saissetia oleae (Bern.) nuevo para Chile, Agric. Tech. 4 (1944) 255256.
[12] Wilson F., A review of the biological control of insects and weeds in Australia and Australian New Guinea, Commonwealth Institute of Biological Control, Tech. Commun. 1, 1960, 102 p.
[13] González R., Biological control of citrus pests in Chile, Proc. First Int. Citrus Symp., Riverside, USA, 1969, pp. 839–847.
[14] Anonymous, A review of biological control in western and southern Europe, Greathead D.J. (Ed.), Commonw. Agric. Bur. Tech. Commun. 7 (1976) 1182.
[15] Viggiani, G., Current state of biological control of olive scales, Boll. Lab. Entomol. Agrar. “Filippo Silvestri”, Portici 35 (1978) 3038.
[16] Viggiani, G., Mazzone, P., Noticie preliminari sulla introduzione in Italia di Metaphycus aff. stanleyi Comp. e Diversinervus elegans Silv. (Hym, Encyrtidae), parassiti di Saissetia oleae (Oliv.), Boll. Lab. Entomol. Agrar. “Filippo Silvestri”, Portici 34 (1977) 217222.
[17] Wysoki, M., Introductions of beneficial insects into Israel by the Institute of Plant Protection Quarantine Laboratory ARO, during 1971–1978, Phytoparasitica 7 (1979) 101106.
[18] Lampson, L.J., Morse, J.G., A study of black scale, Saissetia oleae (Hom: Coccidae) parasitoids (Hym: Chalcidoidea) in southern California, Entomophaga 37 (3) (1992) 373390.
[19] Altieri M.A., Nicholls C.Y., Classical biological control in Latin America. Past, present and future, in: Bellows T.S., Fisher T.W. (Eds.), Handbook of biological control, Acad. Press, London, UK, 1999, pp. 975–991.
[20] Kennett C.E, McMurtry J.A., Beardsly J.W., Biological control in subtropical and tropical crops, in: Bellows T.S., Fisher T.W. (Eds.), Handbook of biological control, Acad. Press, London, UK, 1999, pp. 713–742.
[21] Guerrieri, E., Noyes, J.S., Revision of European species of genus Metaphycus Mercet (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea: Encyrtidae), parasitoids of scale insects, Syst. Entomol. 25 (2000) 147222.
[22] Anonymous, Introduced parasites and predators of arthropod pests and weeds: a world review, Clausen C.P. (Ed.), USDA Handbook No. 480, USA, 1978, 545 p.
[23] Badii, M.H., Tejada L.O., Flores A.E., López C.E., Ruíz C.E., Quiroz M., Historia del Control Biológico en Mexico, in: Badii M.H., Flores A.E., Galán W.J.J.. (Eds.), Fundamentos y perspectivas del control biológico, UANL, San Nicolás de los Garza, Nuevo León, Mexico, 2000, pp. 3–17.
[24] Gibson W.W., Carrillo S.J.L., Lista de insectos en la colección entomológica de la Oficina de Estudios Especiales, SAG, Foll. Misc. No. 9, Mexico, 1959.
[25] Bartlett, B.R., Biological races of the black scale, Saissetia oleae, and their specific parasites, Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 53 (3) (1960) 383385.
[26] Annecke, D.P., Mynhardt, M.J., The species of the zebratus-group of Metaphycus Mercet (Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae) from South Africa with notes on some extralimital species, Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr. 83 (1971) 322360.
[27] Annecke, D.P., Mynhardt, M.J., The species of the insidiosus-group of Metaphycus Mercet in South Africa with notes on some extralimital species (Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae), Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr. 85 (3–4) (1972) 227274.
[28] García, M.C., Primera lista de insectos entomófagos de interés agrícola en Mexico, Fitófilo 26 (68) (1973) 141.
[29] Domínguez Y.R., Carrillo S.J.L., Lista de los insectos en la colección entomológica del Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Agrícolas, Segundo Suplemento, INIA, SAG, Mexico, Foll. Misc. No. 29, 1976, pp. 1–245.
[30] De Santis L., Catálogo de los himenópteros calcidoideos de América al Sur de los Estados Unidos, La Plata, Argentina, 1979, 488 p.
[31] Alvarado M.G., González H.A., Taxonomía de las especies de Aphytis Howard (Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae) y otros géneros en el área citrícola de Nuevo León. Biotam 2 (3) (1990) 42–51.
[32] Martínez R.J.A., Myartseva S.N., Ruíz C.E., Coronado B.J.M., Himenópteros parasitoides y predatores de Saissetia sp. (Homoptera: Coccidae) en cedro rojo Cedrela odorata L. en Cd. Victoria, Tamaulipas, Mexico, Actas XXV Congreso Nacional de Control Biológico, 2002, pp. 260–261.
[33] Compere, H., A revision of the species of Coccophagus, a genus of hymenopterous, coccid-inhabiting parasites, Proc. US Natl. Mus. 78 (1931) 1132.
[34] Myartseva S.N., Ruíz C.E., Mexican species of parasitoid wasps of the genus Marietta (Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae), Fla. Entomol. 84(2) (2001) 293–297.
[35] Gibson G.A.P., Eupelmidae, in: Gibson G.A.P., Huber J.T., Woolley J.B. (Eds.), Annotated keys to the genera of Nearctic Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera), NRC Research Press, Ottawa, Canada, 1997, pp. 430–449.
[36] Noyes J.S., Interactive Catalogue of world Chalcidoidea 2001, Taxapad 2002, Nat. Hist. Mus., UK, 2002.
[37] Girault A.A., Descriptiones stellarum novarum, Priv. publ., Wash., USA, 1917, 22 p.
[38] De Santis, L., Fidalgo, P., Catálogo de himenópteros calcidoideos, Serie de la Academia Nacional de Agronomía y Veterinaria (Buenos Aires) 13 (1994) 1154.
[39] González H. A., Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera), in: Llorente B.J.E., González S.E., Papavero N. (Eds.), Biodiversidad, taxonomía y biogeografía de artrópodos de Mexico: hacia una síntesis de su conocimiento, Vol. II, Mexico, 2000, pp. 649–659.
[40] Myartseva, S.N., Ruíz, C.E., Annotated checklist of the Aphelinidae (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea) of Mexico, Folia Entomol. Mex. 109 (2000) 733.
[41] Peck O., A catalogue of the Nearctic Chalcidoidea (Insecta; Hymenoptera). Canad. Entomol. (Suppl.) 30 (1963) 1–1092.
[42] Ruíz C.E., Coronado B.J.M., Artrópodos terrestres de los Estados de Tamaulipas y Nuevo León, Mexico, Ser. Publ. Cient. CIDAFF-UAT No. 4, Cd. Victoria, Tamaulipas, Mexico, 2002, 377 p.
[43] Aguilar, P.Y., Apuntes sobre el control biológico y el control integrado de las plagas agrícolas en el Perú, Rev. Peru. Entomol. 23 (1980) 85110.
[44] Ferrer W.F., Alcances del control biológico en la región Andina, in: Lizárraga T.A., Barreto C.U., Hollands J. (Eds.), Nuevos aportes del control biológico en la agricultura sostenible, Red de acción en alternativas al uso de agroquímicos, Perú, 1998, pp. 115–134.
[45] Myartseva, S.N., Coronado, B.J.M., Coccophagus rusti Compere: una especie de África en Mexico, in: Romero N.J., Estrada V.E.G., Equihua M.A. (Eds.), Entomol. Mex. 2 (2003) 740744.
[46] Valdivieso J.L., Control biológico de plagas en cítricos, in: Lizárraga T.A., Barreto C.U., Hollands J. (Eds.), Nuevos aportes del control biológico en la agricultura sostenible, Red de acción en alternativas al uso de agroquímicos, Perú, 1998, pp. 295–306.
[47] Howard L.O., Revision of the Aphelininae of North America, a subfamily of hymenopterous parasites of the family Chalcididae, Bur. Entomol., USDA Tech. Ser. No. 1, 1895, pp. 1–44.
[48] Hayat, M., Notes on some species of Marietta (Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae), with a key to world species, Colemania 2 (1986) 118.
[49] Trjapitzin, V.A., Ruíz, C.E., Annotated checklist of encyrtids (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea: Encyrtidae) of Mexico, Folia Entomol. Mex. 94 (1996) 732.
[50] Trjapitzin, V.A., Ruíz, C.E., Diversinervus elegans silvestri (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea: Encyrtidae), un parasitoide de cóccidos (Homoptera: Coccoidea: Coccidae) en Mexico, Ceiba (Tegucigalpa, Honduras) 38 (2) (1998) 151155.
[51] Trjapitzin V.A., Ruíz C.E., Encírtidos (Hymenoptera:Encyrtidae) de importancia agrícola en Mexico, Ser. Publ. Cient. CIDAFF-UAT No. 2, Cd. Victoria, Tamaulipas, Mexico, 2000, 163 p.
[52] Trjapitzin V.A., Parasitic Hymenoptera of the fam. Encyrtidae of Palaeartics, Leningrad, Nauka (in Russian with English summary), 1989, 488 p.
[53] Timberlake, P.M., Revision of the parasitic hymenopterous insects of the genus Aphycus Mayr, with notice of some related genera, Proc. US Natl. Mus. 50 (1916) 561640.
[54] De Santis, L., Catálogo de los himenópteros calcidoideos (Hymenoptera) de América al sur de los Estados Unidos, Segundo Suplemento, Acta Entomol. Chil. 15 (1989) 990.
[55] Beingolea G.O., El control biológico de las plagas del olivo en el Perú, in: Gomero O.L., Lizárraga T.A. (Eds.), Aportes del control biológico en la agricultura sostenible, Red de acción en alternativas del uso de agroquímicos, Perú, 1995, pp. 235–252.
[56] Herting B., Homoptera, a catalogue of parasites and predators of terrestrial arthropods, Section A, Host or prey/enemy. Commonwealth Agricultural Bureaux, Slough, England, 1972.
[57] Burks B.D., Torymidae (Agaoninae) and all other families of Chalcidoidea (excluding Encyrtidae), in: Krombein K.V., Hurd P.D. Jr., Smith D.R., Burks B.D. (Eds.), Catalog of Hymenoptera in America North of Mexico, Smithsonian Inst. Press, Wash., DC, Vol. 1, 1979, pp. 748–749, 768–889, 967–1043.
[58] De Santis, L., Catálogo de los himenópteros calcidoideos de América al sur de los Estados Unidos, Primer Suplemento, Rev. Peru. Entomol. 24 (1) (1983) 138.
[59] Ruíz C.E., Coronado B.J.M., Myartseva S.N., Martínez R.J.A., Parasitoides de plagas del cedro rojo Cedrela odorata L. en Tamaulipas, norte de Veracruz y de San Luis Potosí, Mexico, UAT – UAMAC, Foll. Divulg. No. 9, 2002, 4 p.
[60] Boucek Z., Heydon S.L., Pteromalidae, in: Gibson G.A.P., Huber J.T., Woolley J.B. (Eds.), Annotated keys to the genera of Nearctic Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera), NRC Research Press, Ottawa, Canada, 1997, pp. 541–692.

Keywords

Related content

Powered by UNSILO

Parasitoids (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea) of Saissetia spp. (Homoptera: Coccidae) in Mexico

  • Svetlana Nikolaevna Myartseva (a1), Enrique Ruíz-Cancino (a1) and Juana María Coronado-Blanco (a1)

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed.