Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Mangaba (Hancornia speciosa Gomes) from the Brazilian Cerrado: nutritional value, carotenoids and antioxidant vitamins

  • Leandro de Morais Cardoso, Bárbara de Lazzari Reis, Daniela da Silva Oliveira and Helena Maria Pinheiro-Sant’Ana

Abstract

Introduction. The mangaba is an exotic fruit from the Brazilian Cerrado that presents high antioxidant activity and may benefit human health. Its antioxidant activity may be associated with the presence of bioactive compounds such as carotenoids and antioxidant vitamins. The physical and chemical characteristics, nutritional value, carotenoids and antioxidant vitamins were evaluated in mangaba from the Cerrado of Minas Gerais, Brazil. Materials and methods. Titratable acidity was determined by volumetric neutralization, pH by potentiometry, soluble solids by refractometry, moisture by gravimetry after oven drying, ash by calcination in a muffle furnace, proteins by the micro-Kjeldhal method, dietary fibers by the gravimetric non-enzymatic method and lipids by gravimetry after extraction in ethyl ether. Vitamin C (ascorbic and dehydroascorbic acids) and carotenoids (α-carotene, β-carotene, β-cryptoxanthin and lycopene) were analyzed by HPLC-DAD. Vitamin E (α-, β-, γ- and δ-tocopherols and tocotrienols) and folates (tetrahydrofolate, 5-methyltetrahydrofolate and 5-formyltetrahydrofolate) were analyzed by HPLC with fluorescence detection. Results and discussion. Mangaba showed a high pulp yield (80.08%), moisture (83.0 mg×100 g–1) and dietary fiber content (2.3 g×100 g–1). Mangaba presented β-carotene, β-cryptoxanthin, ascorbic acid, α-tocopherol; α-, β- and γ-tocotrienols; tetrahydrofolate, 5-methyltetrahydrofolate and 5-formyltetrahydrofolate, and it can be considered an excellent source of vitamin C (165.8 mg×100 g–1) and folates (98.3 μg×100 g–1). Carotenoid and vitamin E contents were 0.12 mg×100 g–1 and 2,732.5 μg×100 g–1, respectively. Conclusion. Mangaba presented a high pulp yield, and several carotenoids and antioxidant vitamins, and can be considered an excellent source of vitamin C and folates.

Copyright

Corresponding author

* Correspondence and reprints

References

Hide All
[1]Oliveira, V.B., Yamada, L.T., Fagg, C.W., Brandão, M.G.L., Native foods from Brazilian biodiversity as a source of bioactive compounds, Food Res. Int. 48 (2012) 170179.
[2] Vieira R.F., Agostini Costa T.S., Silva D.B., Ferreira F.R., Sano S.M., Frutas nativas da região Centro-Oeste, Embrapa Recur. Genét. Biotecnol., Brasília, Brazil, 2006.
[3]Almeida, M.M.B., de Sousa, P.H.M., Arriaga, Â.M.C., do Prado, G.M., Magalhães, C.E.d.C., Maia, G.A., de Lemos, T.L.G., Bioactive compounds and antioxidant activity of fresh exotic fruits from northeastern Brazil, Food Res. Int. 44 (2011) 21552159.
[4]Rufino, M.S.M., Alves, R.E., de Brito, E.S., Pérez-Jiménez, J., Saura-Calixto, F., Mancini-Filho, J., Bioactive compounds and antioxidant capacities of 18 non-traditional tropical fruits from Brazil, Food Chem. 121 (2010) 9961002.
[5]Rufino, M.S.M., Fernandes, F.A.N., Alves, R.E., de Brito, E.S., Free radical-scavenging behaviour of some north-east Brazilian fruits in a DPPH system, Food Chem. 114 (2009) 693695.
[6]Valko, M., Leibfritz, D., Moncol, J., Cronin, M.T.D., Mazur, M., Telser, J., Free radicals and antioxidants in normal physiological functions and human disease, Int. J. Biochem. Cell Biol. 39 (2007) 4484.
[7] Anon., Tabela Brasileira de Composição de Alimentos, Núcleo de estudos e pesquisa em alimentação (NEPA-UNICAMP), Campinas, SP, Brazil, 2011.
[8] Anon., Normas analíticas do Instituto Adolfo Lutz, Inst. Adolfo Lutz (IAL), São Paulo, Brazil, 2005.
[9] Anon., Official methods of analysis of the Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Assoc. Off. Anal. Chem. (AOAC), Wash., D.C., U.S.A., 2005.
[10]Buchholz, A.C., Schoeller, D.A., Is a calorie a calorie? Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 79 (2004) 899906.
[11] Cardoso, L.d.M., Oliveira, D.d.S., Bedetti, S.d.F., Ribeiro, S.M.R., Pinheiro-Sant’Ana, H.M., Araticum (Annona crassiflora Mart.) from the Brazilian Cerrado: chemical composition and bioactive compounds, Fruits 63 (2013) 121134.
[12] Cardoso, L.d.M., Bedetti, S.d.F., Ribeiro, S.M.R., Esteves, E.A., Pinheiro-Sant’Ana, H.M., ‘Jatobá do cerrado’ (Hymenaea stigonocarpa): chemical composition, carotenoids and vitamins in an exotic fruit from the Brazilian Savannah, Fruits 68 (2013) 95107.
[13] Rodriguez-Amaya, D.B., Raymundo, L.C., Lee, T.-C., Simpson, K.L., Chichester, C.O., Carotenoid changes in ripening Momordica charantia, Ann. Bot. 40 (1976) 615624.
[14] Pinheiro-Sant' Ana, H.M., Stringheta, P.C., Brandão, S.C.C., Azeredo, R.M.C., Carotenoid retention and vitamin A value in carrot (Daucus carota L.) prepared by food service, Food Chem. 61 (1998) 145151.
[15] Anon., Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs): Vitamin A, vitamin K, Arsenic, boron, cromium, copper, iodine, iron, manganese, molybdenium, nickel, silicon, vanadium and zinc, U.S. Inst. Med., Ntl. Acad. Press, Wash., D.C., U.S.A., 2001.
[16]Campos, F.M., Ribeiro, S.M.R., Della Lucia, C.M., Pinheiro-Sant'Ana, H.M., Stringheta, P.C., Optimization of methodology to analyze ascorbic and dehydroascorbic acid in vegetables, Quím. Nova 32 (2009) 8791.
[17] Pinheiro-Sant' Ana, H.M., Guinazi, M., Oliveira, D.d.S., Della Lucia, C.M., Reis, B.D.L., Brandão, S.C.C., Method for simultaneous analysis of eight vitamin E components in various foods by high performance liquid chromatography and fluorescence detection, J. Chromatogr. A 1218 (2011) 84968502.
[18] Della Lucia, C.M., Silva, E.R., Brandão, S.C.C., Ribeiro, S.M.S., Pinheiro-Sant'Ana, H.M., Optimization of method to analyze folate in leafy vegetables by high performance liquid chromatography with fluorescence detection, Quím. Nova. 34 (2011) 335340.
[19]Rodriguez-Amaya, D.B., Critical review of provitamin A determination in plant foods, J. Micronutr. Anal. 5 (1989) 191225.
[20]Souza, F.G., Figueiredo, R.W., Alves, R.E., Maia, G.A., Araújo, I.A.d., Postharvest quality of fruits from different mangabeira clones (Hancornia speciosa Gomes), Ciênc. Agrotecnol. 31 (2007) 14491454.
[21]Moura, C.F.H., Alves, R.E., Filgueiras, H.A.C., Araújo, N.C.C., Almeida, A.S., Quality of fruits native to Latin America for processing: Mangaba (Hancornia speciosa Gomes), Acta Hortic. 575 (2002) 549554.
[22]Silva, M.R., Lacerda, D.B.C.L., Santos, G.G., Martins, D.M.O., Caracterização química de frutos nativos do cerrado, Ciênc. Rural 38 (2008) 17901793.
[23]Kendall, C.W.C., Esfahani, A., Jenkins, D.J.A., The link between dietary fibre and human health, Food Hydrocoll. 24 (2010) 4248.
[24]Oliveira, D.D.S., Lobato, A.L., Ribeiro, S.M.R., Santana, A.M.C., Chaves, J.B.P., Pinheiro-Sant'Ana, H.M., Carotenoids and vitamin C during handling and distribution of guava (Psidium guajava L.), mango (Mangifera indica L.), and papaya (Carica papaya L.) at commercial restaurants, J. Agric. Food Chem. 58 (2010) 61666172.
[25]Amorim, N.M.L., Cardoso, L.M., Pinheiro-Sant'Ana, H.M., Fruits sold in free fair present higher content of β-carotene and vitamin A value, Aliment. Nutr. 23 (2012) 8187.
[26]Cardoso, L.M., Martino, H.S.D., Moreira, A.V.B., Ribeiro, S.M.R., Pinheiro-Sant'Ana, H.M., Cagaita (Eugenia dysenterica DC) of the Cerrado of Minas Gerais, Brazil: Physical and chemical characterization, carotenoids and vitamins, Food Res. Int. 44 (2011) 21512154.
[27]Traber, M.G., Stevens, J.F., Vitamins C and E: Beneficial effects from a mechanistic perspective, Free Radic. Biol. Med. 51 (2011) 10001013.
[28] Yang C.S., Suh N., Cancer prevention by different forms of tocopherols, Topics in Current Chemistry, Springer Berlin Heidelberg, Berlin, Ger., 2012.
[29]Chun, J., Lee, J., Ye, L., Exler, J., Eitenmiller, R.R., Tocopherol and tocotrienol contents of raw and processed fruits and vegetables in the United States diet, J. Food Compos. Anal. 19 (2009) 196204.
[30] Anon., USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference, U.S. Dep. Agric. A.R.S., Wash., D.C., U.S.A., 2012.
[31]Picciano, M.F., Yetley, E.A., Coates, P.M., McGuire, M.K, Update on folate and human health, Nutr. Today 44 (2009) 142152.
[32] Anon., Dietary reference intakes for vitamin C, vitamin E, selenium, and carotenoids, U.S. Inst. Med., Ntl. Acad. Press, Wash., D.C., U.S.A., 2000.
[33] Anon., Reference intakes for thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, vitamin B6, folate, vitamin B12, pantothenic acid, biotin, and choline, U.S. Inst. Med., Ntl. Acad. Press, Wash., D.C., U.S.A., 1998.

Keywords

Mangaba (Hancornia speciosa Gomes) from the Brazilian Cerrado: nutritional value, carotenoids and antioxidant vitamins

  • Leandro de Morais Cardoso, Bárbara de Lazzari Reis, Daniela da Silva Oliveira and Helena Maria Pinheiro-Sant’Ana

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed