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Effect of some growth regulators on some fruit characteristics and productivity of the Barhee date palm tree cultivar (Phoenix dactylifera L.)

  • Hameed J. Aljuburi (a1), Hasan H. Al-Masry (a1) and Saeed A. Al-Muhanna (a1)

Abstract

Introduction. The date palm tree is one of the fruit trees most cultivated in the Arabian Gulf States. Bioregulators were used for the quality and productivity improvement of date palm tree fruits. A study was conducted to assess the relative effectiveness of GA3, NAA, ethephon and a mixture of growth regulators on some fruit characteristics and productivity of the Barhee date palm tree cultivar. Materials and methods. Five selected female uniform date palm trees of the cultivar Barhee were pollinated on March 5-15, 1994, 1995 and 1996, by placing eight fresh male strands on the female spadix center (flower cluster).Ten flower clusters were used on each tree and divided into five groups of two flower clusters. Each of these groups was subjected to one of the following treatments: control (water), 150 mg GA3 × L-1, 100 mg NAA × L-1, 1 000 mg ethephon × L-1 and a mixture of these three growth regulators. Then the fruit setting, fruit flesh and dry matter percentages, the total soluble solids, the fruit ripening, and the fruit weight per bunch and per tree were measured. Results and discussion. The data showed that the application of GA3 or ethephon on flower clusters of Barhee date palm trees had no constant effect on fruit characteristics and productivity of trees. NAA or growth regulator mixture applications on Barhee flower clusters reduced the fruit dry matter and fruit ripening percentages and increased the fruit weight per bunch and per tree. Conclusion. Treatments of Barhee date palm flower clusters, 20 d after pollination, with NAA or the specific growth regulator mixture decreased the dry matter percentage and the fruit ripening and increased the fruit flesh percentage and the date palm tree yield, therefore, these treatments could be recommended to improve the productivity of date palm trees in the region.

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