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Changes in some chemical components and in the physiology of rambutan fruit (Nephelium lappaceum L.) as affected by storage temperature and packing material

  • Yuanzhi Shao (a1), Jianghui Xie (a2), Ping Chen (a3) and Wen Li (a2) (a3)

Abstract

Introduction. Rambutan (Nephelium lappaceum L.) is a kind of tropical fruit with high commercial value in international trade. However, harvested rambutan fruits suffer from a short shelf life and show rapid postharvest deterioration problems due to spintern browning and flesh decay. Materials and methods. Rambutan fruit (cv. ‘Baoyan 5’) were harvested in 2009 and 2010. Changes in some chemical components and the physiology of fruits were investigated at different storage temperatures (25 °C and 10 °C) and with different packing materials (regular low-density polyethylene and anti-moisture polyethylene bags). Results and discussion. Changes in the development of the browning index, and contents of total soluble solids, titratable acidity and vitamin C greatly decreased during low temperature storage (10 °C); moreover, low temperature storage (10 °C) could maintain a significantly higher level of superoxide dismutase activity and lower values of malondialdehyde and cell membrane permeability. The effects of packing material were different according to the different storage temperatures. At 10 °C, the beneficial effects of anti-moisture polyethylene bags on fruit quality and physiology were observed. However, at 25 °C, fruit packed with regular low-density polyethylene proved to be of better quality than those packed with anti-moisture polyethylene bags. Conclusion. The overall results suggest that packing with anti-moisture polyethylene bags and storage at 10 °C were the most suitable conditions to maintain quality and to extend the storage life of rambutan fruit.

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Keywords

Changes in some chemical components and in the physiology of rambutan fruit (Nephelium lappaceum L.) as affected by storage temperature and packing material

  • Yuanzhi Shao (a1), Jianghui Xie (a2), Ping Chen (a3) and Wen Li (a2) (a3)

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