Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Towards the Reliable Prediction of Time to Flowering in Six Annual Crops. IV. Cultivated and Wild Mung Bean

  • R. H. Ellis (a1), R. J. Lawn (a2), R. J. Summerfield (a1), A. Qi (a1), E. H. Roberts (a1), P. M. Chay (a3), J. B. Brouwer (a4), J. L. Rose (a5), S. J. Yeates (a6) and S. Sandover (a7)...

Summary

Eight genotypes of cultivated mung bean, black gram and rice bean (Vigna mungo, Vigna radiata ssp. radiata and Vigna umbellata, respectively) were sown at six sites in Australia on various dates in order to provide a range of photothermal environments. In addition, four accessions of the related wild species Vigna radiata ssp. sublobata were sown on five occasions. Times from sowing to first flowering (f) varied between environments from 34 to 317 d; pre-flowering temperature and photoperiod means ranged from 12.7° to 29.1°C and from 11.8 to 15.5 h d−1. No effect of photoperiod was detected on rate of progress towards first flowering (1/f) in four genotypes, but in each case a significant positive relation was detected between 1/f and mean temperature. These simple thermal time relations did not differ significantly among these four genotypes; the common base temperature was 7.9°C. In two genotypes observations were well described by a thermal response plane when the mean photoperiod was less than 13 h d−1 (p < 0.01) but photoperiods greater than 14 h d−1 delayed flowering. In each of the remaining genotypes the observations were best described by photothermal planes, that is, 1/f was modulated by temperature and photoperiod. Predictions from the models based on our data were in good agreement with the times to first flowering observed in three genotypes in an earlier controlled environment study.

Copyright

References

Hide All
Aggarwal, V. C. & Poehlman, J. M. (1977). Effects of photoperiod and temperature on flowering in mungbean (Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek). Euphytica 26:207219.
Angus, J. F., Cunningham, R. B., Moncur, M. W. & MacKenzie, D. H. (1981). Phasic development of field crops. I. Thermal response in the seedling phase. Field Crops Research 3:365378.
Bashandi, M. M. & Poehlman, J. M. (1974). Photoperiod response in mungbeans (Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek). Euphytica 23:691697.
Ellis, R. H., Lawn, R. J., Summerfield, R. J., Qi, A., Roberts, E. H., Chay, P. M., Brouwer, J. B., Rose, J. L. & Yeates, S. J. (1994). Towards the reliable prediction of time to flowering in six annual crops. III. Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata). Experimental Agriculture 30:1729.
Fernandez, G. C. J. & Chen, H. K. (1989). Temperature and photoperiod influence reproductive development of reduced photoperiod-sensitive mungbean genotypes. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science 114:204209.
Goodspeed, M. J. (1975). Computer routine for solar position, daylength and related quantities. Technical Memorandum No. 75/11. CSIRO Division of Water and Land Resources.
Imrie, B. C. & Lawn, R. J. (1990). Time to flowering of mung bean (Vigna radiata) genotypes and their hybrids in response to photoperiod and temperature. Experimental Agriculture 26:307318.
Lawn, R. J. (1979). Agronomic studies on Vigna spp. in south eastern Queensland. I. Phenological response of cultivars to sowing date. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research 30:855870.
Lawn, R. J. & Ahn, C. S. (1985). Mungbean (Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek/Vigna mungo (L.) Hepper). In Grain Legume Crops, 584623 (Eds Summerfield, R. J. and Roberts, E. H.). London: William Collins.
Lawn, R. J. & Imrie, B. C. (1991). Crop improvement for tropical and subtropical Australia: designing plants for difficult climates. Field Crops Research 26:113139.
MacKenzie, D. R., Ho, L., Liu, T. D., Wu, H. B. F. & Oyer, E. B. (1975). Photoperiodism of mung bean and four related species. HortScience 10:486487.
Rawson, H. M. & Craven, C. L. (1979). Variation between short-duration mungbean cultivars (Vigna radiata L.) Wilczek) in response to temperature and photoperiod. Indian Journal of Plant Physiology 22:127136.
Roberts, E. H. & Summerfield, R.J. (1987). Measurement and prediction of flowering in annual crops. In Manipulation of Flowering, 1750 (Ed. Atherton, J. G.). London: Butterworth.
Sen Gupta, J. C. & Mukherji, D. K. (1949). Studies on the physiology of growth and development of mung (Phaseolus aureus Roxb.). (a) Effect of the time of sowing, (b) Vernalization and photoperiodism. Indian Journal of Agricultural Science 23:461470.
Summerfield, R. J. & Roberts, E. H. (1985). Vigna radiata. In Handbook of Flowering, Volume I, 165170 (Ed. Halevy, A. H.). Florida: CRC Press.
Summerfield, R. J. & Lawn, R. J. (1987). Environmental modulation of flowering in mung bean (Vigna radiata): a reappraisal. Experimental Agriculture 23:461470.
Summerfield, R. J. & Lawn, R. J. (1988). Environmental modulation of flowering in mung bean (Vigna radiata): further reappraisal for diverse genotypes and photothermal regimes. Experimental Agriculture 24:7588.
Summerfield, R. J., Roberts, E. H., Ellis, R. H. & Lawn, R. J. (1991). Towards the reliable prediction of time to flowering in six annual crops. I. The development of simple models for fluctuating field environments. Experimental Agriculture 27:1133.
Summerfield, R. J., Lawn, R. J., Qi, A., Ellis, R. H., Roberts, E. H., Chay, P. M., Brouwer, J. B., Rose, J. L., Shanmugasundaram, S., Yeates, S. J. & Sandover, S. (1993). Towards the reliable prediction of time to flowering in six annual crops. II. Soyabean (Glycine max). Experimental Agriculture 29:253289.

Related content

Powered by UNSILO

Towards the Reliable Prediction of Time to Flowering in Six Annual Crops. IV. Cultivated and Wild Mung Bean

  • R. H. Ellis (a1), R. J. Lawn (a2), R. J. Summerfield (a1), A. Qi (a1), E. H. Roberts (a1), P. M. Chay (a3), J. B. Brouwer (a4), J. L. Rose (a5), S. J. Yeates (a6) and S. Sandover (a7)...

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed.