Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

SOCIAL AND GENDER PERSPECTIVES IN RICE BREEDING FOR SUBMERGENCE TOLERANCE IN SOUTHEAST ASIA

  • D. O. MANZANILLA (a1), T. R. PARIS (a1), G. T. TATLONGHARI (a1), A. M. TOBIAS (a1), T. T. N. CHI (a2), N. T. PHUONG (a3), I. SILIPHOUTHONE (a4), V. CHAMARERK (a5), P. BHEKASUT (a6) and R. GANDASOEMITA (a7)...

Summary

The risks of flooding in rice production include losses that can affect some 13 million ha of rice lands in Southeast Asia. This study integrated social and gender perspectives into the varietal evaluation process to contribute to planned faster uptake of submergence-tolerant rice (Sub1) varieties. In this study, the participatory varietal selection (PVS) process was used in eliciting male and female farmers' opinions with respect to selecting popular varieties with the SUB1 gene introgressed, for added tolerance of flash floods of up to two weeks. Fifteen Sub1 varieties and the farmers' local check were tested under the PVS researcher-managed (PVS-RM) trials, which involved farmers' preference analysis (PA). The farmers tested the pre-selected lines with the SUB1 gene in their own fields to further evaluate their performance under varying conditions. During flooding, farmers experienced lower production depending on water depth, timing with respect to rice growth stage, duration, frequency of occurrence and quality. On-farm PA results showed wide variability in the performance of the Sub1 varieties compared with local popular varieties. This implies the need for further testing of pre-released lines in terms of adaptability and the continuous development of rice genotypes for varying flood-prone rice ecosystems. Women are as knowledgeable as men because of the significant roles they play in rice production and food preparation. Moreover, farmers and breeders have almost the same criteria in choosing the best performing rice lines. Sensory tests revealed the eating and cooking qualities important to farmers. The findings of this study can provide feedback to breeding programmes to ensure a greater likelihood of adoption and ultimately increasing rice productivity in submergence-prone rice areas.

Copyright

Corresponding author

Corresponding author. Email: d.manzanilla@irri.org

References

Hide All
Adesina, A. A. and Baidu-Forson, J. (1995). Farmers' perceptions and adoption of new agricultural technology: evidence from analysis in Burkina Faso and Guinea, West Africa. Agricultural Economics 13:19.
Almekinders, C. J. M. and Elings, A. (2001). Collaboration of farmers and breeders: participatory crop improvement in perspective. Euphytica 122:425438.
Courtois, B., Bartholome, B., Chaudhary, D., McLaren, G., Misra, C. H., Mandal, N. P., Pandey, S., Paris, T., Piggin, C., Prasad, K., Roy, A. T., Sahu, R. K., Sahu, V. N., Sarkarung, S., Sharma, S. K., Singh, A., Singh, H. N., Singh, O. N., Singh, N. K., Singh, R. K., Singh, R. K., Singh, S., Sinha, P. K., Sisodia, B. V. S. and Takhur, R. (2001). Comparing farmers' and breeders’ rankings in varietal selection for low-input environments: a case study of rainfed rice in Eastern India. Euphytica 122:537550.
Courtois, B., Singh, R. K., Pandey, S., Paris, T., Sarkarung, S., Baghel, S. S., Sahu, R. K., Sahu, V. N., Sharma, S. K., Singh, H. N., Singh, A., Singh, O. N., Sisodia, B. V. S., Misra, C. H., Roy, J. K., Chaudary, D., Prasad, K., Singh, R. K., Sinha, P. K. and Mandal, N. P. (2000). Breeding better rice varieties through farmer participation: some early lessons from Eastern India. In Assessing the Impact of Participatory Research and Gender Analysis, 212230 (Eds Ashby, J. A. and Lilja, N.).Cali, Colombia: CIAT.
Efisue, A., Tongoona, P., Derera, J., Langyintuo, A., Laing, M. and Ubi, B. (2008). Farmers' perceptions on rice varieties in Sikasso Region of Mali and their implications for rice breeding. Journal of Agronomy and Crop Science 194:393400.
Halaswamy, B. H., Gowda, B. T. S., Seetharam, A., Virk, D. S. and Witcombe, J. R. (2001). Participatory varietal selection in finger millet: an exchange of experiences from South and South East Asia. In Proceedings of the International Symposium on Participatory Plant Breeding and Participatory Plant Genetic Resource Enhancement, Pokhara, Nepal, 1–5 May 2000. Cali, Colombia: International Center for Tropical Agriculture, 459 pp.
International Rice Research Institute (IRRI). (2011). GRiSP Annual Report. Los Baños, Laguna, Philippines: IRRI.
Ismail, A. M., Vergara, G. V. and Mackill, D. J. (2008). Towards enhanced and sustained rice productivity in flood-prone areas of South and Southeast Asia. Keynote Paper Presented at the Indonesia National Rice Seminar, Sukamandi, Indonesia, 23 July 2008.
Joshi, G. R. and Pandey, S. (2006). Farmers' perceptions and adoption of modern rice varieties in Nepal. Quarterly Journal of International Agriculture 45 (2):171186.
Joshi, A. and Witcombe, J. R. (1996). Farmer participatory crop improvement. II. Participatory varietal selection, a case study in India. Experience Agriculture 32:461477.
Mackill, D. J., Collard, B. C. Y., Neeraja, C. N., Rodriguez, R. M., Heuer, S. and Ismail, A. M. (2006). QTLs in rice breeding: examples for abiotic stresses. In Rice Genetics 5, Proceedings of the International Rice Genetics Symposium, 155167 (Eds Brar, D. S., Mackill, D. J. and Hardy, B.). Manila, Philippines: International Rice Research Institute.
Maclean, J. L., Dawe, D. C., Hardy, B. and Hettel, G. P. (Eds.) (2002). Rice Almanac: Source Book for the Most Important Economic Activity on Earth. Oxon, IK: CABI. (In association with International Rice Research Institute, Los Baños, Philippines; West Africa Rice Development Association, Bouaké, Côte d'Ivoire; International Center for Tropical Agriculture, Cali, Colombia; and Food and Agriculture Organization, Rome, Italy), 253 pp.
Manzanilla, D. O., Paris, T. R., Vergara, G. V., Ismail, A. M., Pandey, S., Labios, R. V., Tatlonghari, G. T., Acda, R. D., Chi, T. T. N., Duoangsila, K., Siliphouthone, I., Manikmas, M. O. A. and Mackill, D. J. (2011). Submergence risks and farmers' preferences: implications for breeding Sub1 rice in Southeast Asia. Agriculture Systems 104:335347.
Meinzen-Dick, R., Quisumbing, A., Behrman, J., Biermayr-Jenzano, P., Wilde, V., Noordeloos, M., Ragasa, C. and Beintema, N. (2010). Engendering agricultural research. IFPRI Discussion Paper No. 00973, Environment and Production Technology Division, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), Washington, DC, May 2010.
Morris, M. L. and Doss, C. R. (1999). How does gender affect the adoption of agricultural innovations? The case of improved maize technology in Ghana. Paper Presented as a Selected Paper at the Annual Meeting, American Agricultural Economics Association (AAEA), Nashville, TN, 8–11 August.
Nugraha, Y. and Sasmita, P. (2012, April). Extending flood-tolerant rice varieties in Indonesia. CURE Matters. 2 (1):10. (Newsletter of the Consortium for Unfavorable Rice Environments (CURE), International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) and the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD)).
Pandey, S., Gauchan, D., Malabayabas, M., Bool-Emerick, M. and Hardy, B. (Eds). (2012). Patterns of Adoption of Improved Rice Varieties and Farm-level Impacts in Stress-prone Rainfed Areas in South Asia. Los Baños, Laguna, Philippines: International Rice Research Institure (IRRI), 318 pp.
Paris, T. R., Manzanilla, D. O., Tatlonghari, G. T. and Labios, R. V. (2011). Guide to Participatory Varietal Selection for Submergence-Tolerant Rice. Los Baños, Philippines: International Rice Research Institute, 111 pp.
Paris, T. R., Singh, R. K., Atlin, G., Sarkarung, S., McLaren, G., Courtois, B., Mc Allister, K., Piggin, C., Pandey, S., Singh, A., Singh, H. N., Singh, O. N., Singh, S., Singh, R. K., Mandal, N. P., Prasad, K., Sahu, R. K., Sahu, V. N., Sharma, M. L., Singh, R. K. P., Thakur, R., Singh, N. K., Chaudhary, D. and Ram, S. (2002). Farmer participatory breeding and participatory varietal selection in Eastern India: lessons learned. In Breeding Rainfed Rice for Drought-Prone Environments: Integrating Conventional and Participatory Plant Breeding in South and Southeast Asia. Proceedings of a DFID Plant Sciences Research Programme/IRRI Conference, 1215 March (Eds Witcombe, J. R., Parr, L. B., Atlin, G. N.). Los Baños, Philippines: IRRI.
Paris, T. R., Singh, A., Cueno, A. D. and Singh, V. N. (2008). Assessing the impact of participatory research in rice breeding on women farmers: a case study in eastern Uttar Pradesh, India. Experience Agriculture 44:97112.
Paris, T. R., Singh, A. and Luis, J. (2001a). Listening to male and female farmers in rice varietal selection: a case in Eastern India. An exchange of experiences from South and Southeast Asia. In Proceedings of the International Symposium on Participatory Plant Breeding and Participatory Plant Genetic Resource Enhancement, Pokhara, Nepal, 1–5 May 2000. Cali, Colombia: Centreo Internacional de Agricultura Tropical.
Paris, T. R., Singh, A., Luis, J., Singh, H. N., Singh, O. N., Singh, S., Singh, Singh, R. K. and Sarkarung, S. (2001b). Listening to the farmers' perceptions through participatory rice varietal selection: a case study in villages in eastern Uttar Pradesh, India. In An Exchange of Experiences from South and South East Asia: Proceedings of the International Symposium on Participatory Plant Breeding and Participatory Plant Genetic Resource Enhancement, Pokhara, Nepal, 1–5 May 2000. Cali, Colombia: Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical, 459 pp.
Paris, T. R., Singh, A., Singh, V. N. and Ram, P. C. (2006). Mainstreaming social and gender concerns in participatory rice varietal improvement for rainfed environments in Eastern India. In Paper Presented at the International Symposium on Participatory Breeding and Knowledge Management for Strengthening Rural Livelihoods, M. S. Swaminathan Research Foundation, Chennai, India, 17–19 July.
Rana, B. S., Kaul, S. L., Appaji, C., Parbhakar, K., N. S., Reddy, B. V. S., Witcombe, J. R. and Virk, D. S. (2001). Participatory varietal selection in rabi sorghum in India. An exchange of experiences from South and Southeast Asia. In Proceedings of the International Symposium on Participatory Plant Breeding and Participatory Plant Genetic Resource Enhancement, Pokhara, Nepal, 1–5 May 2000. Cali, Colombia: Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical.
Schiller, J. M., Chanphengxay, M. B., Linquist, B. and Appa Rao, S. (Eds.). (2006). Rice in Laos. Los Baños, Philippines: International Rice Research Institute, 457 pp.
Septiningsih, E. M., Pamplona, A. M., Sanchez, D. L., Neeraja, C. N., Vergara, G. V., Heuer, S., Ismail, A. M. and Mackill, D. J. (2009). Development of submergence-tolerant rice cultivars: the Sub1 locus and beyond. Annals of Botany 103:151160.
Snapp, S. S. (1999). Mother and baby trials: a novel trial design being tried out in Malawi. Target Newsletter of the Southern Africa Soil Fertility Network 17:8.
Snapp, S. S., Kanyama-Phiri, G., Kamanga, B., Gilbert, R. and Wellard, K. (2002). Farmer and researcher partnerships in Malawi: developing soil fertility technologies for the near-term and far-term. Experimental Agriculture 38:411431.
Vial, L., Sipaseuth Inthapanya, P. and Fukai, S. 2008. Farmer participatory varietal selection in Lao lowland rice systems. Global Issues, Paddock Action. Proceedings of 14th Agronomy Conference 2008, Adelaide, Australia, 21–25 September (Ed M. Unkovich).
Wang, W., Vergara, G. V., Li, Z., Mackill, D. J. and Ismail, A. M. (2009). Survival and grain yield of two Sub1 introgression lines as affected by variable durations of submergence. Abstract of Posters, 6th Rice Genetics Symposium, International Rice Research Institute, Manila, Philippines, 16–18 November. 155 pp.
Witcombe, J. R. (2001). Participatory varietal selection in high-potential production systems. In An Exchange of Experiences from South and South East Asia: Proceedings of the International Symposium on Participatory Plant Breeding and Participatory Plant Genetic Resource Enhancement, Pokhara, Nepal, 1–5 May 2000. Cali, Colombia: International Center for Tropical Agriculture, 459 pp.
Witcombe, J. R., Joshi, A., Joshi, K. D. and Sthapit, B. R. 1996. Farmer participatory crop improvement. I. Varietal selection and breeding methods and their impact on biodiversity. Experience Agriculture 32:445460.
Witcombe, J. R., Petre, R., Jones, S. and Joshi, A. (1999). Farmer participatory crop improvement. IV. The spread and impact of a rice variety identified by participatory varietal selection. Experience Agriculture 35:471487.
Zolvinski, S. (2008). Listening to the farmers: qualitative impact assessment in unfavorable rice environments. Technical Bulletin No. 12, International Rice Research Institute, Manila, Philippines (A follow-up FGD by Asian Development Bank, and CURE).

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed