Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Population, Growth and Water Use of Groundnut Maintained on Stored Water. III. Dry Matter, Water Use and Light Interception

  • S. N. Azam-Ali (a1), L. P. Simmonds (a1), R. C. Nageswara Rao (a2) and J. H. Williams (a2)

Summary

At a field site in central India, four populations of groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) were grown on stored water to investigate how the production of shoot and root dry matter is related to transpired water and intercepted radiation. Throughout the season, total dry matter was closely related to transpiration (slope = 3.0 mg dry matter g−1 water) and the amount of radiation intercepted by foliage (slope = 0.74 g dry matter MJ−1 radiation intercepted). Accumulated transpiration increased linearly with intercepted radiation at 0.37 kg water MJ−1 in the sparser stands. In the densest spacing, the initial slope of the relation at 0.28 kg MJ−1 decreased later in the season because water deficits curtailed growth without a concomitant reduction in the interception of radiation.

Copyright

References

Hide All
Azam-Ali, S. N., Gregory, P. J. & Monteith, J. L. (1984). Effects of planting density on water use and productivity of pearl millet (Pennisetum typhoides) grown on stored water. II. Water use, light interception and dry matter production. Experimental Agriculture 20:215224.
Biscoe, P. V. & Gallagher, J. N. (1978). A physiological analysis of cereal yield. I. Production of dry matter. Agricultural Progress 53:3450.
Bond, J. J., Army, T. J. & Lehman, O. R. (1964). Row spacing, plant population and water supply as factors in dryland grain sorghum production. Agronomy Journal 56:36.
De Wit, C. T. (1958). Transpiration and crop yields. Versl. Lambouwk. Onderscz. 66(8):181.
Doyle, A. D. & Fischer, R. A. (1979). Dry matter accumulation and water use relationships in wheat crops. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research 30:815829.
Fischer, R. A. & Turner, N. C. (1978). Plant productivity in the arid and semi-arid zones. Annual Review of Plant Physiology 29:277317.
Loomis, R. S. & Gerakhis, P. A. (1975). Productivity of agricultural ecosystems. In Photosynthesis and Productivity in Different Environments (Ed. Cooper, J. P.), 145172. London and New York: Cambridge University Press.
Marshall, B. & Willey, R. W. (1983). Radiation interception and growth in an intercrop of pearl millet/groundnut. Field Crops Research 7:141160.
Muchow, R. C., Coates, D. B., Wilson, G. L. & Foale, M. A. (1982). Growth and productivity of irrigated Sorghum bicolor (L. Moench) in Northern Australia. 1. Plant density and arrangement effects on light interception and distribution and grain yield in the hybrid Texas 610SR in low and medium latitudes. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research 33:773784.
Ong, C. K., Simmonds, L. P. & Matthews, R. B. (1987). Responses to saturation deficit in a stand of groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L). 2. Growth and development. Annals of Botany 59:121128.
Rao, R. C. N., Simmonds, L. P., Azam-Ali, S. N. & Williams, J. H. (1989). Population, growth and water use of groundnut maintained on stored water. I. Root and shoot growth. Experimental Agriculture 25:5161.
Simmonds, L. P. & Williams, J. H. (1989). Population, growth and water use of groundnut maintained on stored water. II. Transpiration and evaporation from soil. Experimental Agriculture 25:6375.
Simmonds, L. P. & Azam-Ali, S. N. (1989). Population, growth and water use of groundnut maintained on stored water. IV. The influence of population on water supply and demand. Experimental Agriculture 25:8798.
Sivakumar, M. V. K. & Virmani, S. M. (1984). Crop productivity in relation to interception of photosynthetically active radiation. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 31:131141.
Stewart, J. I., Misra, R. D., Pruitt, W. O. & Hagan, R. M. (1975). Irrigating corn and grain sorghum with a deficient water supply. Transactions of the American Society of Agricultural Engineers 18:270281.
Teare, I. D., Kanemasu, E. T., Powers, W. L. & Jacobs, H. S. (1973). Water use efficiency and its relation to crop canopy area, stomatal regulation and root distribution. Agronomy Journal 65:207211.

Population, Growth and Water Use of Groundnut Maintained on Stored Water. III. Dry Matter, Water Use and Light Interception

  • S. N. Azam-Ali (a1), L. P. Simmonds (a1), R. C. Nageswara Rao (a2) and J. H. Williams (a2)

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed