Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

FABA BEAN-BARLEY INTERCROPS FOR HIGH PRODUCTIVITY AND CORN POPPY SUPPRESSION

  • KICO DHIMA (a1), IOANNIS VASILAKOGLOU (a2), THOMAS GATSIS (a1) and NIKOLAOS GOUGOULIAS (a2)

Summary

A 2-year field study was conducted in central Greece (Larissa) and was repeated simultaneously in northern Greece (Thessaloniki) to determine the productivity and the competitive ability against corn poppy (Papaver rhoeas L.) of six faba bean (Vicia faba L.)-barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) intercrops grown at three seeding ratios (75:25, 50:50 or 25:75% of the recommended seeding rates) and two crop arrangements (alternate or mixed rows). Faba bean and barley sole crops were also included. Corn poppy dry weights in barley sole crop or faba bean-barley intercrops were 83 to 85% or 50 to 99%, respectively, lower than that in faba bean sole crop. Total dry matter (DM) and total crude protein (CP) yields of faba bean-barley intercrops were, in most cases, not significantly affected by corn poppy competition. The results obtained in both locations indicated that intercropping faba bean with barley could be an alternative practice to that of faba bean sole crop in sustainable production systems, because of its greater productivity, balanced nutritive value and competitiveness against aggressive weeds such as corn poppy.

Copyright

Corresponding author

§Corresponding author. Email: dimas@cp.teithe.gr; Present address: Department of Agricultural Technology, Technological Educational Institute of Thessaloniki, 574 00 Echedoros, Greece.

References

Hide All
Berkenkamp, B. and Meeres, J. (1987). Mixtures of annual crops for forage in Alberta. Canadian Journal of Plant Science 67:175193.
Bulson, H. A. J., Snaydon, R. W. and Stopes, C. E. (1997). Effects of plant density on intercropped wheat and field beans in an organic farming system. Journal of Agricultural Science 128:5971.
Caballero, R., Goicoechea, E. L. and Hernaiz, P. J. (1995). Forage yields and quality of common vetch and oat sown at varying seeding ratios and seeding rates of vetch. Field Crops Research 41:135140.
Carr, P. M., Horsley, R. D. and Poland, W. W. (2004). Barley, oat, and cereal-pea mixtures as dryland forages in the Northern Great Plains. Agronomy Journal 96:677684.
Cherney, J. H. and Martin, G. C. (1982). Cereal crop forage potential: I. Biological and chemical determinants of quality and yield. Crop Science 22:227231.
Corre-Hellou, G., Dibet, A., Hauggaard-Nielsen, H., Crozat, Y., Gooding, M., Ambus, P., Dahlman, C., Fragstein, P. V., Pristeri, A., Monti, M. and Jensen, E. S. (2011). The competitive ability of pea-barley intercrops against weeds and the interactions with crop productivity and soil N availability. Field Crops Research 122:264272.
Damanakis, M. E. (1983). Weed species in wheat fields of Greece, 1982, 1983 survey. Zizaniology 1:8590.
Dhima, K. V., Eleftherohorinos, I. G. and Vasilakoglou, I.B. (2000). Interference between Avena sterilis, Phalaris minor and five barley cultivars. Weed Research 40:549559.
Dhima, K., Vasilakoglou, I., Keco, R., Dima, A., Paschalidis, K. and Gatsis, T. (2014). Forage yield and competition indices of faba bean intercropped with oat. Grass and Forage Science 69:376383.
Duran-Prado, M., Osuna, M. D., De Prado, R. and Franco, A. R. (2004). Molecular basis of resistance to sulfonylureas in Papaver rhoeas . Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology 42:110118.
Egbe, O. M. (2010). Effects of plant density of intercropped soybean with tall sorghum on competitive ability of soybean and economic yield at Otobi, Benue State, Nigeria. Journal of Cereals and Oilseeds 1:110.
Elijah, M. A. (2001). Intercropping and population density effects on yield component, seed quality and photosynthesis of sorghum and soybean. Journal of Food Technology in Africa 6:10286098.
Eurostat. (2011). Agriculture and fishery statistics – Main results 2009–10. European Union. p. 158. Available from: http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/portal/page/portal/product_details/publication?p_product_code=KS-FK-11-001 (accessed 20 August 2014).
Fernandez-Aparicio, M., Emeran, A. A. and Rubiales, D. (2010). Inter-cropping with berseem clover (Trifolium alexandrinum) reduces infection by Orobanche crenata in legumes. Crop Protection 29:867871.
Fernandez-Aparicio, M., Sillero, J. C. and Rubiales, D. (2007). Intercropping with cereals reduces infection by Orobanche crenata in legumes. Crop Protection 26:11661172.
Hauggaard-Nielsen, H., Jørnsgaard, B., Kinane, J. and Jensen, E. S. (2008). Grain legume-cereal intercropping: the practical application of diversity, competition and facilitation in arable and organic cropping systems. Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems 23:312.
Haymes, R. and Lee, H. C. (1999). Competition between autumn and spring planted grain intercrops of wheat (Triticum aestivum) and field bean (Vicia faba). Field crops Research 62:167176.
Jensen, E. S. (1986). Intercropping field bean with spring wheat. Vorträge für Pflanzenzüchtung 11:6775.
Jensen, E. S., Peoples, M. B. and Hauggaard-Nielsen, H. (2010). Faba bean in cropping systems. Field Crops Research 115:203216.
Kaloumenos, N. and Eleftherohorinos, I. (2008). Corn poppy resistance to ALS-inhibiting herbicides and its impact on growth rate. Weed Science 56:789796.
Kumar, P., Singh, S. P., Manohar, R. and Shukla, J. P. (2006). Moisture dependent electrical parameter as an indicator of germination of seed: A case study of poppy seed. International Journal of Agricultural Research 1:534544.
Lithourgidis, A. S. and Dordas, C. A. (2010). Forage yield, growth rate, and nitrogen uptake of faba bean intercrops with wheat, barley, and rye in three seeding ratios. Crop Science 50:21482158.
Martin, M. P. L. D. and Snaydon, R. W. (1982). Intercropping barley and beans. I. Effects of planting pattern. Experimental Agriculture 18:139148.
Mead, R. and Willey, R. W. (1980). The concept of a land equivalent ratio and advantages in yields for intercropping. Experimental Agriculture 16:217228.
Meier, U. (2001). Growth stages of mono- and dicotyledonous plants. p. 158. Federal Biological Research Centre for Agriculture and Forestry: BBCH monograph. Berlin and Braunschweig, Germany: BBCH publications.
Mitich, L. W. (2000). Corn poppy (Papaver rhoeas L.). Weed Technology 14:826829.
Mohammadi, H., Pirdashti, H., Yazdani, M. and Abbasian, A. (2012). Changes of weed abundance and diversity in barley (Hordeum vulgare) and fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum) intercropping. International Journal of Agronomy and Plant Production 3:788793.
MSTAT-C. (1988). A microcomputer program for the design, management, and analysis of agronomic research experiments. p. 496. East Lansing: Crop and Soil Sciences Department, Michigan State University.
Papastylianou, I. (2004), Effect of rotation system and N fertilizer on barley and common vetch grown in various crop combinations and cycle lengths. Journal of Agricultural Science 142:4148.
Qamar, I. A., Keatinge, J. D. H., Mohammad, N. A. and Khan, M. A. (1999). Introduction and management of common vetch/barley forage mixtures in the rainfed areas of Pakistan: residual effects on following cereal crops. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research 50:2127.
Ross, S. M., King, J. R., O'Donovan, J. T. and Spaner, D. (2004). Forage potential of intercropping berseem clover with barley, oat, or triticale. Agronomy Journal 96:10131020.
Saucke, H. and Ackermann, K. (2006). Weed suppression in mixed cropped grain peas and false flax. Weed Research 46:453461.
Shah, S. N., Shroff, J. C., Patel, R. H. and Usadadiya, V. P. (2011). Influence of intercropping and weed management practice on weed and yield of maize. International Journal of Science and Nature 2:4750.
Strydhorst, S. M., King, J. R., Lopetinsky, K. J. and Neil Harker, K. (2008). Forage potential of intercropping barley with faba bean, lupin, or field pea. Agronomy Journal 100:182190.
Thomson, E. F., Rihawi, S. and Nersoyan, N. (1990). Nutritive value and yields of some forage legumes and barley harvested as immature herbage, hay and straw in North-West Syria. Experimental Agriculture 26:4956.
Vasilakoglou, I. and Dhima, K. (2008). Forage yield and competition indices of berseem clover intercropped with barley. Agronomy Journal 100:17491756.
Vasilakoglou, I., Dhima, K., Lithourgidis, A. and Eleftherohorinos, I. (2009). Allelopathic potential of 50 barley cultivars and herbicidal effects of barley extract. Allelopathy Journal 24:309320.
Watson, P. R., Derksen, D. A. and Van Acker, R. C. (2006). The ability of 29 barley cultivars to compete and withstand competition. Weed Science 54:783792.
Willey, R. W. and Rao, M. R. (1980). A competitive ratio for quantifying competition between intercrops. Experimantal Agriculture 16:117125.
Zhang, F., Shen, J., Li, L. and Liu, X. (2004). An overview of rhizosphere processes related with plant nutrition in major cropping systems in China. Plant and Soil 260:8999.
Zimdahl, R. L. (2004). Weed-crop competition. A review. (2nd ed). p. 220. Iowa, USA: Blackwell Publishing.
Zimdahl, R. L. (2007). Fundamentals of weed science. (3rd ed). p. 666. NY, USA: Elsevier.

Related content

Powered by UNSILO

FABA BEAN-BARLEY INTERCROPS FOR HIGH PRODUCTIVITY AND CORN POPPY SUPPRESSION

  • KICO DHIMA (a1), IOANNIS VASILAKOGLOU (a2), THOMAS GATSIS (a1) and NIKOLAOS GOUGOULIAS (a2)

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed.