Skip to main content Accessibility help

Effect of Rhizobium Numbers on Nodulation and Dinitrogen Fixation in Groundnut

  • P. T. C. Nambiar (a1), H. N. Ravishankar (a1) and P. J. Dart (a1)


Glasshouse studies have shown that nodulation and dinitrogen fixation in groundnuts grown in a sand/vermiculite mixture increased with an increase in Rhizobium numbers inoculated onto each seed. Cultivars Robut 33-1 and TMV 2 required 106 rhizobia seed−1 for maximum nodulation and dinitrogen fixation, while cv. Kadiri 71-1 required larger numbers.



Hide All
Allen, O. N. & Allen, E. K. (1940). Response of the peanut plant to inoculation with rhizobia, with special reference to morphological development of the nodules. Botanical Gazette 102:121142.
Bhaduri, S. N. (1951). Influence of the numbers of Rhizobium supplied on the subsequent nodulation of the legume host plant. Annals of Botanv 15:209218.
Broughton, W. J. & Dilworth, M. J. (1971). Control of leghaemoglobin synthesis in snake beans. Biochemical Journal 125:10751080.
Buchanan, R. E. & Gibbons, N. E. (Eds). (1974). Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, (8th Edition), 263264. Baltimore: Williams and Wilkins.
Burton, J. C. (1976a). Pragmatic aspects of the Rhizobium-leguminous plant association. In Proceedings of the 1st International Symposium on Nitrogen Fixation, 429446 (Eds Newton, W. E. & Nyman, C. J.). Pullman: Washington State University Press.
Burton, J. C. (1976b). Problems in obtaining adequate inoculation of soybeans. In World Soybean Research, 170179 (Ed. Hill, L. D.). Illinois: The Interstate Printers and Publishers.
Date, R. A. (1976). Principles of Rhizobium strain selection. In Symbiotic Nitrogen Fixation in Plants, 137150 (Ed. Nutman, P. S.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Elkan, G. H., Wynne, J. C., Schneeweis, T. J. & Isleib, T. G. (1980). Nodulation and nitrogenase activity of peanuts inoculated with single strain isolates of Rhizobium. Peanut Science 7:9597.
Fred, E. B., Baldwin, I. L. & McCoy, E. (1932). Root Nodule Bacteria and Leguminous Plants, 1951. Madison: University of Wisconsin Studies.
Nambiar, P. T. C. & Dart, P. J. (1980). Studies on nitrogen fixation by groundnut at ICRISAT. In Proceedings of an International Workshop on Groundnuts, 110124. Patancheru, India: International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics.
Nambiar, P. T. C., Dart, P. J., Rao, B. S. & Ravishankar, H. N. (1981). Response of groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) to Rhizobium inoculation. In Proceedings of an International Workshop on BNF Technology for Tropical Agriculture, 241248. Cali, Colombia: Centro Intemacional de Agricultura Tropical.
Perkins, A. T. (1925). The effect of bacterial numbers on the nodulation of Virginia soybeans. Journal of Agriculture Research (U.S.) 30:9596.
Purchase, H. F. & Nutman, P. S. (1957). Studies on the physiology of nodule formation VI. The influence of bacterial numbers in the rhizosphere on nodule formation. Annals of Botany 21:439453.
Rensburg, J. van & Strijdom, B. W. (1969). Strains of Rhizobium japonicum and inoculant production in South Africa. Phytophylactica 1:201204.
Schiffman, J. & Alper, Y. (1968). Inoculation of peanuts by application of Rhizobium suspension into the planting furrows. Experimental Agriculture 4:219226.
Thompson, J. A. (1980). Production and quality control of legume inoculants. In Methods of Evaluating Biological Nitrogen Fixation, 489533 (Ed. Bergersen, F. J.). Chichester: John Wiley & Sons.
Verdcourt, B. (1980). The classification of Dolichos L. emend. Verde, Lablab Adans., Phaseolus L., Vigna Savi and their allies. In Advances in Legume Science, 4548 (Eds Summerfield, R. J. and Bunting, A. H.). London: HMSO.
Weaver, R. W. (1974). Effectiveness of rhizobia forming nodules on Texas-grown peanuts. Peanuf Science 1:2325.
Weaver, R. W. & Frederick, L. R. (1972). Effect of inoculum size on nodulation of Glycine max (L.) Merill, variety Ford. Agronomy Journal 64:597599.
Weaver, R. W. & Frederick, L. R. (1974). Effect of inoculum rate on competitive nodulation of Glycine max L. Merill. Field studies. Agronomy Journal 66:233236.
Wynne, J. C., Elkan, G. H., Meisner, C. M., Schneewis, T. J. & Lignon, J. M. (1980). Greenhouse evaluations of strains of Rhizobium for peanuts. Agronomy Journal 72:645649.

Effect of Rhizobium Numbers on Nodulation and Dinitrogen Fixation in Groundnut

  • P. T. C. Nambiar (a1), H. N. Ravishankar (a1) and P. J. Dart (a1)


Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed.