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Consumo de medios de comunicación y deseo de distancia social con respecto a las personas con esquizofrenia

  • M.C. Angermeyer (a1), S. Dietrich (a1), D. Pott (a1) and H. Matschinger (a1)

Resumen

Hay abundantes datos para una presentación distorsionada del enfermo mental en los medios de comunicación. Sin embargo, se sabe sólo poco sobre sus repercusiones en las actitudes hacia las personas con trastornos mentales. Por tanto, investigamos la relación entre ver televisión y leer el periódico, por una parte, y el deseo de distancia social con respecto a las personas con esquizofrenia, por la otra. En 2001, se realizó un estudio representativo de la población en Alemania utilizando una entrevista personal completamente estructurada. Encontramos que el deseo de distancia social con respecto a las personas con esquizofrenia aumenta de manera casi continua con la cantidad de consumo de televisión. La asociación entre leer el periódico y la distancia social es menos pronunciada y depende del tipo de periódico que las personas lean. Ya que, obviamente, hay una relación entre el consumo de medios de comunicación y las actitudes hacia las personas con esquizofrenia, los mensajes imprecisos y unilaterales sobre los trastornos mentales se deben sustituir por mensajes precisos y más equilibrados.

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Keywords

Consumo de medios de comunicación y deseo de distancia social con respecto a las personas con esquizofrenia

  • M.C. Angermeyer (a1), S. Dietrich (a1), D. Pott (a1) and H. Matschinger (a1)

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