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Asociación de los problemas de salud mental en la infancia con el crecimiento físico prenatal y posnatal

  • Nicole Gunther (a1), Marjan Drukker (a1), Frans Feron (a2) and Jim Van Os (a1) (a3)

Resumen

Propósito

El presente estudio se realizó para examinar (i) los patrones prenatal y postnatal de crecimiento en relatión con el riesgo de problemas de salud mental posteriores en los niños y (ii) el posible efecto mediador de estos patrones de crecimiento en la asociación entre el nivel socioeconómico de los padres (NSE) y la salud mental de los hijos.

Sujetos y métodos

El presente estudio es parte de un estudio ciego de casos y controles emparejados que implicaba un análisis retrospectivo de datos recogidos prospectivamente a partir de los reconocimientos habituales en los servicios de salud comunitaria para niños y adolescentes. La muestra constaba de 80 pacientes, derivados a los 6-13 años de edad al Centro de Salud Mental Comunitaria en Maastricht, y 320 controles de la poblacion emparejados.

Resultados

Los niños procedentes de familias sin empleo pesaban menos al nacer, pero el crecimiento postnatal no se asociaba con éste u otros indicadores del NSE. Aunque los niños que usaban la asistencia sanitaria mental eran algo más pequeños en el nacimiento, no había datos de que la delgadez durante la infancia fuera un factor de riesgo para el desarrollo de problemas de salud mental.

Conclusion

Los presentes resultados mostraban algunos datos para las repercusiones del desarrollo intrauterino en los problemas de salud mental de los niños. Además, ni el crecimiento físico prenatal ni el postnatal estaban en la vía entre el NSE de los padres y los problemas de salud mental de los hijos.

Copyright

References

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Keywords

Asociación de los problemas de salud mental en la infancia con el crecimiento físico prenatal y posnatal

  • Nicole Gunther (a1), Marjan Drukker (a1), Frans Feron (a2) and Jim Van Os (a1) (a3)

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