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Coerción y restricciones en el tratamiento hospitalario psiquiátrico

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  12 May 2020

R. Kaltiala-Heino
Affiliation:
1Universidad de Tampere, Escuela de Salud Pública de Tampere y Hospital Universitario de Tampere, Departamento de Psiquiatría, Tampere, Finlandia;
J. Korkeila
Affiliation:
2Hospital Kupittaa, Turku, Finlandia;
C. Tuohimäki
Affiliation:
3Hospital Universitario de Oulu, Departamento de Psiquiatría, Oulu, Finlandia;
T. Tuori
Affiliation:
1Universidad de Tampere, Escuela de Salud Pública de Tampere y Hospital Universitario de Tampere, Departamento de Psiquiatría, Tampere, Finlandia;
V. Lehtinen
Affiliation:
4Centro Nacional de Desarrollo e Investigación para la Salud y el Bienestar, Helsinki, Finlandia
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Resumen

El propósito de este estudio es averiguar hasta qué punto se utilizan la coerción y las restricciones en el tratamiento hospitalario psiquiátrico y con qué características del paciente se asocia el uso de la coerción. Con este fin, se valoraron mediante revisión retrospectiva de gráficos los registros hospitalarios de 1.543 admisiones (muestras de admisión de seis meses) en las clínicas psiquiátricas en tres ciudades universitarias finlandesas. Las clínicas estudiadas proporcionan todo el tratamiento hospitalario psiquiátrico para la población en edad laboral en sus áreas de captación. El uso de la coerción y las restricciones se registró en una forma estructurada. Se aplicó coerción y restricciones al 32% de los pacientes. Se utilizaron restricciones mecánicas en el 10% de los pacientes, y medicación forzada en el 8%. Comparado con las estadísticas internacionales, las cifras en el estudio actual son altas.

Type
Artículo Original

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References

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