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Europe's Linguistic Challenge

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  22 December 2004

PHILIPPE VAN PARIJS
Affiliation:
Université catholique de louvain, chaire hoover d'éthique économique et sociale, Belgique [vanparijs@etes.ucl.ac.be]
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Abstract

The irreversible adoption of English as Europe's lingua franca raises at least four serious issues of linguistic justice: unequal language-based economic rents, unequal share in the burden of language learning, unequal capacity to influence, and unequal respect for the associated identities. In each case, the nature of the problem is spelt out and solutions are proposed, on the background of an analysis of the micro-mechanisms that underlie the dynamics of secondary language learning and multilingual interaction.

La diffusion irrésistible de l'anglais comme lingua franca de l'Europe pose au moins quatre problèmes pour la justice linguistique : une inégalité de rentes économiques à base linguistique, un partage inégal de la charge d'apprentissage linguistique, une inégalité de capacité d'influence et une inégalité de considération pour les identités associées aux langues. Pour chacun des quatre cas, une solution est proposée, sur la base d'une analyse des mécanismes micro qui soustendent la dynamique d'apprentissage d'une seconde langue et l'interaction multilingue.

Die unumkehrbare Annahme des Englischen als lingua franca in Europe stellt bezüglich der sprachlichen Gerechtigkeit mindestens vier Probleme: Benachteiligung bei den wirtschaftlichen Einkünften durch die Sprache, ungleiche Aufteilung beim Erlernen der Sprache, Benachteiligung bei der möglichen Einflussnahme und Benachteiligung bei der Anerkennung der Identitäten durch die Sprache. Für alle vier Problemfälle gibt es hier einen Lösungsvorschlag, aufbauend auf Mikromechanismen, denen die Dynamik des Erlernens einer zweiten Sprache und die multilinguale Interaktion zugrunde liegen.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
© 2004 Archives Européennes de Sociology

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