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Hillforts, monumentality and place: a chronological and topographic review of first millennium BC hillforts of south-east England

  • Sue Hamilton (a1) and John Manley (a2)

Abstract

This article results from a series of visits by the authors to the 44 hillforts of south-east England. Our aim was to re-contextualize these hillforts in their landscapes. Analysis of the pottery assemblages and radiometric dates allows a three-phase chronological division of these hillforts. Assessment of the topographic positions and excavated evidence indicates that the enclosures may have functioned in distinctly different ways in each of the three phases. The data for south-east England offer a counter-analysis to the extant ‘Wessex-centric’ view of southern British hillforts.

Cet article est le fruit d'une série d'excursion que les auteurs ont effectuées aux 44 camps fortifiés en hauteur du sud-est de l'Angleterre. Notre objectif était de ré-contextualiser les camps fortifiés en hauteur. L'analyse des assemblages céramiques et les dates radiométriques amènent à une division chronologique en trois phases. L'analyse des emplacements topographiques et des résultats des fouilles indique que les enclos avaient des fonctions différentes dans chacune des trois phases. Ces données du sud-est de l'Angleterre offrent un contre-analyse au vue ‘Wessex-centric’ des camps fortifiés en hauteur de la Grande Bretagne méridionale.

Zusammenfassung

Dieser Aufsatz ergab sich aus einer Reihe von Besuchen, die die Autoren zu den 44 Höhensiedlungen im Südosten Englands unternahmen. Unser Ziel war es, diese Höhensiedlungen in den Kontext ihrer Landschaft zurückzuführen. Die Analyse von Keramikkomplexen und radiometrischen Daten erlaubte eine chronologische Einteilung dieser Höhensiedlungen in drei Phasen. Die Auswertung ihrer topographischen Position und ihrer ausgegrabenen Hinterlassenschaften zeigt, daß die Befestigungen in den drei Phasen möglicherweise jeweils verschiedene Funktionen hatten. Die Daten aus Südost England bieten eine Gegenanalyse zur gewissermaßen Wessex-konzentrierten' Sicht der Höhensiedlungen im südlichen Britannien.

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Keywords

Hillforts, monumentality and place: a chronological and topographic review of first millennium BC hillforts of south-east England

  • Sue Hamilton (a1) and John Manley (a2)

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