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Diverse Economic Patterns in the North Baltic Sea Region in the Late Neolithic and Early Metal Periods

  • Mirva Pääkkönen (a1), Elisabeth Holmqvist (a2), Auli Bläuer (a3), Richard P. Evershed (a4) and Henrik Asplund (a1)...

Abstract

Over 120 prehistoric pottery sherds from mainland Finland and the Åland Islands in the north Baltic region were studied for their organic residue content. Preserved fat residues found in these vessels indicated that the food procurement pattern was broad during the Neolithic and Early Metal periods. Based on previous research and these results, it appears that animal husbandry came to Finland with the Corded Ware culture. Groups using the succeeding Late Neolithic Kiukainen Ware did not, however, practice animal husbandry to any great extent, as there is an indication of dairy fats in only a single sherd. In general, even after dairy farming arrived in the area, prehistoric groups in southern and south-western Finland continued or returned to a hunter-gatherer lifestyle. During the Early Metal period, animal husbandry increased in importance among the groups living in the area, and the level of dairying then intensified.

Cet article présente les résultats d'un e analyse des résidus organiques conservés dans plus de 120 tessons de céramique préhistorique provenant de la Finlande continentale et des îles d’Åland en Baltique du nord. Les résidus de matières grasses qui ont survécu dans ces récipients indiquent que l'approvisionnement en nourriture se faisait sur un large éventail pendant le Néolithique et au début des âges des métaux. Notre analyse ainsi que des études plus anciennes révèlent que l’élevage d'animaux domestiques gagna la Finlande avec la culture de la céramique cordée. Les communautés utilisant un type de céramique néolithique plus récente nommée céramique de Kiukainen n'ont cependant pas pratiqué l’élevage du bétail à grande échelle ; un seul tesson dans notre échantillon indique la présence de matières grasses provenant de produits laitiers. En gros, même après l'arrivée de l’élevage laitier dans la région, les groupes préhistoriques du sud et du sud-ouest de la Finlande ont continué à suivre (ou ont repris) un mode de vie de chasseurs-cueilleurs. L’élevage prit plus d'importance parmi les communautés de la région au début des âges des métaux et le niveau de la production laitière s'intensifia. Translation by Madeleine Hummler

Die Ergebnisse einer Analyse von organischen Reststoffen, die in über 120 urgeschichtlichen Keramikscherben aus dem finnischen Festland und den Åland Inseln im nördlichen Ostseeraum erhalten blieben, werden in diesem Artikel besprochen. Die Fettreste in diesen Gefäßen weisen darauf hin, dass die Nahrungsbeschaffung im Neolithikum und am Anfang der Metallzeit auf einer breiten Basis beruhte. Unsere Untersuchungen und frühere Studien zeigen, dass die Viehwirtschaft zusammen mit der Schnurkeramikkultur Finnland erreichte. Die Gemeinschaften, welche die nachfolgende spätneolithische Kiukainen Keramik benutzten, haben die Tierhaltung aber nicht maßgeblich betrieben: Ein einziges Fragment unter den untersuchten Scherben enthielt Milchfett. Im Allgemeinen behielten die Gemeinschaften in Süd- und Südwestfinnland eine Jäger-und-Sammler-Wirtschaft oder nahmen sie wieder auf, auch nach der Einführung der Milchwirtschaft in der Region. Während der frühen Metallzeit gewann die Tierhaltung in den Gemeinschaften der Gegend an Bedeutung und das Ausmaß der Milchwirtschaft verstärkte sich in diesem Zeitabschnitt. Translation by Madeleine Hummler

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Diverse Economic Patterns in the North Baltic Sea Region in the Late Neolithic and Early Metal Periods

  • Mirva Pääkkönen (a1), Elisabeth Holmqvist (a2), Auli Bläuer (a3), Richard P. Evershed (a4) and Henrik Asplund (a1)...

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