1.Wijeysundera, DN, Beattie, WS, Djaiani, G et al. . Off-pump coronary artery surgery for reducing mortality and morbidity: meta-analysis of randomized and observational studies. J Am Coll Cardiol 2005; 46: 872–882.
2.Cheng, DC, Bainbridge, D, Martin, JE, Novick, RJ. Does off-pump coronary artery bypass reduce mortality, morbidity and resource utilization when compared with conventional coronary artery bypass? A meta-analysis of randomised trials. Anesthesiology 2005; 102: 188–203.
3.Parolari, A, Alamanni, F, Cannata, A et al. . Off-pump vs. on-pump coronary artery bypass: metaanalysis of currently available randomized trials. Ann Thorac Surg 2003; 76: 37–40.
4.Schwann, NM, Horrow, JC, Strong, MD, Chamchad, D, Guerraty, A, Wechsler, AS. Does off-pump coronary artery bypass reduce the incidence of clinically evident renal dysfunction after multivessel myocardial revascularization? Anesth Analg 2004; 99: 959–964.
5.Gamoso, MG, Phillips-Bute, B, Landolfo, KP, Newman, MF, Stafford-Smith, M. Off-pump vs. on-pump coronary artery bypass surgery and postoperative renal dysfunction. Anesth Analg 2000; 91: 1080–1084.
6.Zangrillo, A, Annalisa, F, Crescenzi, C et al. . Underreporting of conversion from off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery. Anesthesiology 2005; 103: 902.
7.Legare, JF, Buth, KJ, Hirsch, GM. Conversion to on pump from OPCAB is associated with increased mortality: results from a randomized controlled trial. Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 2005; 27: 296–301.
8.Patel, NC, Patel, NU, Loulmet, DF, McCabe, JC, Subramanian, VA. Emergency conversion to cardiopulmonary bypass during attempted off-pump revascularization results in increased morbidity and mortality. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2004; 128: 655–661.
9.Norris, JQ, Howells, S, Browne, J et al. . Failed off-pump CABG predictors and outcomes. Can J Anesth 2003; 50: A74.
10.Edgerton, JR, Dewey, TM, Magee, MJ et al. . Conversion in off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting: an analysis of predictors and outcomes. Ann Thorac Surg 2003; 76: 1138–1143.
11.Iaco, AL, Contini, M, Teodori, G et al. . Off or on bypass: what is the safety threshold? Ann Thorac Surg 1999; 68: 1486–1489.
12.Soltoski, P, Salerno, T, Levinsky, L et al. . Conversion to cardiopulmonary bypass in off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting: its effect on outcome. J Card Surg 1998; 13: 328–334.
13.Mishra, M, Shrivastava, S, Dhar, A et al. . A prospective evaluation of hemodynamic instability during off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2003; 17: 452–458.
14.Jin, R, Hiratzka, LF, Grunkemeier, GL, Krause, A, IIIPage, US. Aborted off-pump coronary artery bypass patients have much worse outcomes than on-pump or successful off-pump patients. Circulation 2005; 112 (Suppl 9): 1332–1337.
15.Wehlin, L, Vedin, J, Vaage, J, Lundahl, J. Activation of complement and leukocyte receptors during on and off pump coronary artery bypass surgery. Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 2004; 25: 35–42.
16.Dorman, BH, Kratz, JM, Multani, MM et al. . A prospective, randomized study of endothelin and postoperative recovery in off-pump vs. conventional coronary artery bypass surgery. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2004; 18: 25–29.
17.Wandschneider, W, Thalmann, M, Trampitsch, E, Ziervogel, G, Kobinia, G. Off-pump coronary bypass operations significantly reduce S100 release: an indicator for less cerebral damage? Ann Thorac Surg 2000; 70: 1577–1579.
18.Lönn, U, Peterzen, B, Carnstam, B, Casimir-Ahn, H. Beating heart coronary surgery supported by an axial blood flow pump. Ann Thorac Surg 1999; 67: 99–104.
19.Carrier, M, Perrault, LP, Jeanmart, H, Martineau, R, Cartier, R, Page, P. Randomized trial comparing off-pump to on-pump coronary artery bypass grafting in high-risk patients. Heart Surg Forum 2003; 6: E89–E92.
20.Czerny, M, Baumer, H, Kilo, J et al. . Inflammatory response and myocardial injury following coronary artery bypass grafting with or without cardiopulmonary bypass. Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 2000; 17: 737–742.
21.Al-Ruzzeh, S, Ambler, G, Asimakopoulos, G et al. . Off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) surgery reduces risk stratified morbidity and mortality: a United Kingdom multi-center comparative analysis of early clinical outcome. Circulation 2003; 108 (Suppl 1): II1–II8.
22.Meharwal, Zs, Mishra, YK, Kohli, V, Bapna, R, Singh, S, Trehan, N. Off-pump multivessel coronary artery surgery in high-risk patients. Ann Thorac Surg 2002; 74: 1353–1357.
23.Van Dijk, D, Nierich, AP, Jansen, EW et al. . Early outcome after off-pump vs. on-pump coronary bypass surgery: results from a randomized study. Circulation 2001; 104: 1761–1766.
24.Khan, NE, De Souza, A, Mister, R et al. . A randomized comparison of off-pump and on-pump multivessel coronary artery bypass surgery. N Engl J Med 2004; 350: 21–28.
25.Nathoe, HM, van Dijk, D, Jansen, EW et al. . A comparison of on-pump and off-pump coronary bypass surgery in low risk patients. N Engl J Med 2003; 348: 394–402.