Holte K, Sharrock NE, Kehlet H. Pathophysiology and clinical implications of perioperative fluid excess. Br J Anaesth 2002; 89: 622–632.
Shires T, Williams J, Brown F. Acute change in extracellular fluids associated with major surgical procedures. Ann Surg 1961; 154: 803–810.
Brandstrup B, Tonnesen H, Beier-Holgersen R, the Danish Study Group on Perioperative Fluid Therapy. Effects of intravenous fluid restriction on postoperative complications: comparison of two perioperative fluid regimens: a randomized assessor-blinded multicenter trial. Ann Surg 2003; 238: 641–448.
Lobo DN, Bostock KA, Neal KR, Perkins AC, Rowlands BJ, Allison SP. Effect of salt and water balance on recovery of gastrointestinal function after elective colonic resection: a randomised controlled trial. Lancet 2002; 359: 1812–1818.
Nisanevich V, Felsenstein I, Almogy G, Weissman C, Einav S, Matot I. Effect of Intraoperative fluid management on outcome after intraabdominal surgery. Anesthesiology 2005; 103: 25–32.
Kudsk KA. Evidence for conservative fluid administration following elective surgery. Ann Surg 2003; 238: 649–650.
Deane SA, Gaudry PL, Woods P et al. The managment of injuries – a review of death in hospital. Aust NZJ Surg 1988; 58: 463–469.
Desborough JP. The stress response to trauma and surgery. Br J Anaesth 2000; 85: 109–117.
Sibbald WJ. Blood substitutes – effects of microcirculation. In: Sibbald WJ, Messmer K, Fink MP, eds. Tissue Oxygenation in Acute Medicine. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 1998: P318–P331.
Vincent JL, De Backer D. Microvascular dysfunction as a cause of organ dysfunction in severe sepsis. Crit Care 2005; 9 (Suppl 4): S9–S12.
Verdant C, De Backer D. How monitoring of the microcirculation may help us at the bedside. Curr Opin Crit Care 2005; 11: 240–244.
Corso CO, Okamoto S, Leiderer R, Messmer K. Resuscitation with hypertonic saline dextran reduces endothelial cell swelling and improves hepatic microvascular perfusion and function after hemorrhagic shock. J Surg Res 1998; 80: 210–220.
Intaglietta M. Objectives for the treatment of the microcirculation in ischemia, shock, and reperfusion. In: Vincent JL, ed. Update in Intensive Care and Emergency Medicine. Berlin, Heidelberg, New York: Springer, 1989: 293–298.
Wang P, Hauptman JG, Chaudry IH. Hemorrhage produces depression in microvascular blood flow which persist despite fluid resuscitation. Circ Shock 1990; 32: 307–318.
Allen DB, Maguire JJ, Mahdavian M et al. Wound hypoxia and acidosis limit neutrophil bacterial killing mechanisms. Arch Surg 1997; 132: 991–966.
Sakr Y, Dubois MJ, De Backer D, Creteur J, Vincent JL. Persistent microcirculatory alterations are associated with organ failure and death in patients with septic shock. Crit Care Med 2004; 32: 1825–1831.
Ellis CG, Jagger J, Sharpe M. The microcirculation as a functional system. Crit Care 2005; 9 (Suppl 4): S3–S8.
Ernest D, Belzberg AS, Dodek PM. Distribution of normal saline and 5% albumin infusions in cardiac surgical patients. Crit Care Med 2001; 29: 2299–2302.
Gottschalk A, Standl TG, Freitag M et al. Effects of isovolaemic haemodilution on oxygenation of liver and skeletal muscle. Eur J Anaesthesiol 2005; 22: 181–188.
Rex S, Scholz M, Weyland A, Busch T, Schorn B, Buhre W. Intra- and extravascular volume status in patients undergoing mitral valve replacement: crystalloid vs. colloid priming of cardiopulmonary bypass. Eur J Anaesthesiol 2006; 23: 1–9.
Norberg A, Brauer KI, Prough DS et al. Volume turnover kinetics of fluid shifts after hemorrhage, fluid infusion, and the combination of hemorrhage and fluid infusion in sheep. Anesthesiology 2005; 2: 985–994.
Kellum JA. Saline-induced hyperchloremic metabolicacidosis. Crit Care Med 2002; 30: 259.
Wilkes NJ, Woolf R, Mutch M et al. The effects of balanced versus saline-based hetastarch and crystalloid solutions on acid–base and electrolyte status and gastric mucosal perfusion in elderly surgical patients. Anesth Analg 2001; 93: 811–816.
Kita T, Mammoto T, Kishi Y. Fluid management and postoperative respiratory disturbances in patients with transthoracic esophagectomy for carcinoma. J Clin Anesth 2002; 14: 252–256.
Campbell IT, Baxter JN, Tweedie IE, Taylor GT, Keens SJ. IV fluids during surgery. Brit J Anaesth 1990; 65: 726–729.
Arkilic CF, Taguchi A, Sharma N et al. Supplemental perioperative fluid administration increases tissue oxygen pressure. Surgery 2003; 133: 49–55.
Bilkovski RN, Rivers EP, Horst HM. Targeted resuscitation strategies after injury. Curr Opin Crit Care 2004; 10: 529–538.
De Backer D, Creteur J, Dubois MJ, Sakr Y, Vincent JL. Microvascular alterations in patients with acute severe heart failure and cardiogenic shock. Am Heart J 2004; 147: 91–99.
Lowell JA, Schifferdecker C, Driscoll DF, Benotti PN, Bistrian BR. Postoperative fluid overload: not a benign problem. Crit Care Med 1990; 18: 728–733.
Prien T, Backhaus N, Pelster F, Pircher W, Bunte H, Lawin P. Effect of intraoperative fluid administration and colloid osmotic pressure on the formation of intestinal oedema during gastrointestinal surgery. J Clin Anesth 1990; 2: 317–323.
Lang K, Boldt J, Suttner S, Haisch G. Colloids versus crystalloids and tissue oxygen tension in patients undergoing major abdominal surgery. Anesth Analg 2001; 93: 405–409.
Lang K, Suttner S, Boldt J, Kumle B, Nagel D. Volume replacement with HES 130/0.4 may reduce the inflammatory response in patients undergoing major abdominal surgery. Can J Anaesth 2003; 50: 1009–1016.
Boldt J, Ducke M, Kumle B, Papsdorf M, Zurmeyer EL. Influence of different volume replacement strategies on inflammation and endothelial activation in the elderly undergoing major abdominal surgery. Intensive Care Med 2004; 30: 416–422.
Moretti EW, Robertson KM, El-Moalem H, Gan TJ. Intraoperative colloid administration reduces postoperative nausea and vomiting and improves postoperative outcomes compared with crystalloid administration. Anesth Analg 2003; 96: 611–617.
Hwang G, Marota JA. Anesthesia for abdominal surgery. In: Hurford WE, Bailin MT, Dawison JK, Haspel KL, Rosow C, eds. Clinical Anesthesia Procedures of the Massachusetts General Hospital. Philadelphia: Lippincott-Raven, 1997: 330–346.
Tonnesen AS. Crystalloids and colloids. In: Miller RD, ed. Anesthesia, 3rd edn. New York: Churchill Livingstone, 1990: 1439–1465.
Greif R, Akca O, Horn EP, Kurz A, Sessler DI. Supplemental perioperative oxygen to reduce the incidence of surgical-wound infection. Outcomes Research Group. N Engl J Med 2000; 342: 161–167.
Jonsson K, Jensen JA, Goodson III WH et al. Tissue oxygenation, anemia, and perfusion in relation to wound healing in surgical patients. Ann Surg 1991; 214: 605–613.
Gan TJ, Soppitt A, Maroof M et al. Goal-directed intraoperative fluid administration reduces length of hospital stay after major surgery. Anesthesiology 2002; 97: 820–826.
Conway DH, Mayall R, Abdul-Latif MS, Gilligan S, Tackaberry C. Randomised controlled trial investigating the influence of intravenous fluid titration using oesophageal Doppler monitoring during bowel surgery. Anaesthesia 2002; 57: 845–849.
Schroeder RA, Collins BH, Tuttle-Newhall E et al. Intraoperative fluid management during orthotopic liver transplantation. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2004; 18: 438–341.
Holte K, Kehlet H. Compensatory fluid administration for preoperative dehydration – does it improve outcome? Acta Anaesthesiol Scand 2002; 46: 1089–1093.
Lobo DN, Dube MG, Neal KR, Allison SP, Rowlands BJ. Perioperative fluid and electrolyte management: a survey of consultant surgeons in the UK. Ann R Coll Surg Engl 2002; 84: 156–160.