We present the first determination of fundamental parameters (positions, reddenings, distances, ages and kinematics) for a sample of 22 open clusters in the solar vicinity. A systematic search for unknown open clusters using the astrometric and photometric data included in the Tycho2 catalogue has resulted in the identification of several candidates. In this work, we introduce 11 of the most promising open cluster candidates. The reality of the stellar aggregates is supported by the analysis of proper motions, colour-magnitude diagrams, stellar density distributions, and by the visual inspection of the Digitised Sky Survey (DSS) plates. The proper motion data included in the Tycho2 catalogue has also allowed us to identify members in 11 open clusters for which no information, besides their positions and estimates of their apparent diameters, was previously available. Reddenings, distances and ages were determined for most objects using colour-magnitude diagrams for cluster members, built using the photometry included in Tycho2, complemented by spectral types found in the literature. We find that the majority of the aggregates are nearby (closer than ~500 pc) open clusters.