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Hg-Mask Coronagraph

  • C. Aime, R. Soummer, P. Bourget (a1), C. H. Veiga (a1), R. Vieira Martins (a1), P. Assus (a2) and F. Colas (a3)...

Abstract

In order to optimize the occulting process of a Lyot coronagraph and to provide a high dynamic range imaging, a new kind of occulting disk has been developed at the National Observatory of Rio de Janeiro. A mercury (Hg) drop glued onto an optical window by molecular cohesion and compressed by a pellicle film is used as the occulting disk. The minimum of the superficial tension potential function provides an optical precision (lambda/100) of the toric free surface of the mercury. This process provides a size control for the adaptation to the seeing conditions and to the apparent diameter of a resolved object, and in the case of adaptive optics, to the Airy diameter fraction needed. The occultation is a three dimensional process near the focal plane on the toric free surface that provides an apodization of the occultation. The Hg-Mask coronagraph has been projected for astrometric observations of faint satellites near to Jovian planets and works since 2000 at the 1.6 m telescope of the Pico dos Dias Observatory (OPD - Brazil).

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Hg-Mask Coronagraph

  • C. Aime, R. Soummer, P. Bourget (a1), C. H. Veiga (a1), R. Vieira Martins (a1), P. Assus (a2) and F. Colas (a3)...

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