Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

The Confrontation Between General Relativity and Experiment

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  30 September 2008

C.M. Will
Affiliation:
Department of Physics and McDonnell Center for the Space Sciences Washington University, St. Louis MO, USA
Get access

Abstract

We review the experimental evidence for Einstein's special and general relativity. A variety of high precision null experiments verify the weak equivalence principle and local Lorentz invariance, while gravitational redshift and other clock experiments support local position invariance. Together these results confirm the Einstein Equivalence Principle which underlies the concept that gravitation must be described by a metric theory. Solar system experiments that test the weak-field, post-Newtonian limit of metric theories strongly favor general relativity. The Binary Pulsar provides tests of gravitational-wave damping and of strong-field general relativity. Recently discovered binary pulsar systems may provide additional tests. Ongoing and future experiments, such as the Gravity Probe B Gyroscope Experiment, satellite tests of the Equivalence principle, and tests of gravity at short distance to look for extra spatial dimensions could constrain extensions of general relativity. Laser interferometric gravitational-wave observatories on Earth and in space may provide new tests of gravitational theory via detailed measurements of the properties of gravitational waves.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
© EAS, EDP Sciences, 2008

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below.

References

Adelberger, E.G., 2001, Class. Quantum Gravit., 18, 2397 CrossRef
Baessler, S., Heckel, B.R., Adelberger, E.G., et al., 1999, Phys. Rev. Lett., 83, 3585 CrossRef
Bauch, A., & Weyers, S., 2002, Phys. Rev. D, 65, 081101 CrossRef
Berti, E., Buonanno, A., & Will, C.M., 2005, Phys. Rev. D, 71, 084025 CrossRef
Berti, E., Cardoso, V., & Will, C.M., 2006, Phys. Rev. D, 73, 064030 CrossRef
Bertotti, B., Iess, L., & Tortora, P., 2003, Nature, 425, 374 CrossRef
Chupp, T.E., Hoare, R.J., Loveman, R.A., et al., 1989, Phys. Rev. Lett., 63, 1541 CrossRef
Ciufolini, I., & Pavlis, E.C., 2004, Nature, 431, 958 CrossRef
Colladay, D., & Kostelecký, V.A., 1997, Phys. Rev. D, 55, 6760 CrossRef
Colladay, D., & Kostelecký, V.A., 1998, Phys. Rev. D, 58, 116002 CrossRef
Cutler, C., Apostolatos, T.A., Bildsten, L., et al., 1993, Phys. Rev. Lett., 70, 2984 CrossRef
Damour, T., & Dyson, F., 1996, Nucl. Phys. B, 480, 37 CrossRef
Gabriel, M.D., & Haugan, M.P., 1990, Phys. Rev. D, 41, 2943 CrossRef
Godone, A., Novero, C., Tavella, P., & Rahimullah, K., 1993, Phys. Rev. Lett., 71, 2364 CrossRef
Haugan, M.P., & Will, C.M., 1987, Phys. Today, 40, 69 (May) CrossRef
Hughes, S.A., 2006, Laser Interferometer Space Antenna: 6th International LISA Symposium, ed. S.M., Merkowitz, & J.C., Livas, AIP Conf. Proc. (American Institute of Physics), 873, 233 CrossRef
Jacobson, T., Liberati, S., & Mattingly, D., 2003, Phys. Rev. D, 67, 124011 CrossRef
Kostelecký, V.A., & Mewes, M., 2002, Phys. Rev. D, 66, 056005 CrossRef
Kramer, M., Lorimer, D.R., Lyne, A.G., et al., 2005, Proceedings of The 22nd Texas Symposium on Relativistic Astrophysics, Stanford 2004, ed. P., Chen, G., Madejski, E., Bloom, & V., Petrosian, eConf C041213, 0038
Kramer, M., Stairs, I.H. Manchester, R.N., et al., 2006, Science, 314, 97 CrossRef
Lamoreaux, S.K., Jacobs, J.P., Heckel, B.R., Raab, F.J., & Fortson, E.N., 1986, Phys. Rev. Lett., 57, 3125 CrossRef
Lightman, A.P., & Lee, D.L., 1973, Phys. Rev. D, 8, 364 CrossRef
Lyne, A.G., Burgay, M., Kramer, M., et al., 2004, Science, 303, 1153 CrossRef
Martins, C.J.A.P., 2003, The Cosmology of Extra Dimensions and Varying Fundamental Constants, ed. (The Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers); also published in Astrophys. Space Sci., 283, 439 (2003)
Mattingly, D., 2005, Living Rev. Relativ., 8, 5 [On-line article] Cited on 1 December 2007, [http://www.livingreviews.org/lrr-2005-5] CrossRef
Milani, A., Vokrouhlický, D., Villani, D., Bonanno, C., & Rossi, A., 2002, Phys. Rev. D, 66, 082001 CrossRef
Prestage, J.D., Bollinger, J.J., Itano, W.M., & Wineland, D.J., 1985, Phys. Rev. Lett., 54, 2387 CrossRef
Prestage, J.D., Tjoelker, R.L., & Maleki, L., 1995, Phys. Rev. Lett., 74, 3511 CrossRef
Psaltis, D., 2008, Living Rev. Relativ., in press
Shapiro, S.S., Davis, J.L., Lebach, D.E., & Gregory, J.S., 2004, Phys. Rev. Lett., 92, 121101 CrossRef
Stairs, I.H., 2003, Living Rev. Relativ., 6, 5 [On-line article] Cited on 1 December 2007, [http://www.livingreviews.org/lrr-2003-5] CrossRef
Turyshev, S.G., Shao, M., & Nordtvedt, K. Jr., 2004, Class. Quantum Gravit., 21, 2773 CrossRef
Turneaure, J.P., Will, C.M., Farrell, B.F., Mattison, E.M., & Vessot, R.F.C., 1983, Phys. Rev. D, 27, 1705 CrossRef
Uzan, J.-P., 2003, Rev. Mod. Phys., 75, 403 CrossRef
Vessot, R.F.C., Levine, M.W., Mattison, E.M., et al., 1980, Phys. Rev. Lett., 45, 2081 CrossRef
Weisberg, J.M., & Taylor, J.H., 2005, Binary Radio Pulsars, ed. F.A., Rasio, & I.H., Stairs (Astronomical Society of the Pacific Conference Series), 328, 25
Will, C.M., 1993, Theory and Experiment in Gravitational Physics (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press)
Will, C.M., 1998, Phys. Rev. D, 57, 2061 CrossRef
Will, C.M., 2006, Living Rev. Relativ., 9, 3 [Online article]: refd on 1 December 2007, [http://www.livingreviews.org/lrr-2006-3] CrossRef
Williams, J.G., Newhall, X.X., & Dickey, J.O., 1996, Phys. Rev. D, 53, 6730 CrossRef
Williams, J.G., Turyshev, S., & Murphy, T.W., 2004, Int. J. Mod. Phys. D, 13, 567 CrossRef

Full text views

Full text views reflects PDF downloads, PDFs sent to Google Drive, Dropbox and Kindle and HTML full text views.

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 4 *
View data table for this chart

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 23rd January 2021. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Hostname: page-component-76cb886bbf-rm8z7 Total loading time: 0.926 Render date: 2021-01-23T05:44:29.488Z Query parameters: { "hasAccess": "0", "openAccess": "0", "isLogged": "0", "lang": "en" } Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "metricsAbstractViews": false, "figures": false, "newCiteModal": false }

Send article to Kindle

To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

The Confrontation Between General Relativity and Experiment
Available formats
×

Send article to Dropbox

To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

The Confrontation Between General Relativity and Experiment
Available formats
×

Send article to Google Drive

To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

The Confrontation Between General Relativity and Experiment
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response


Your details


Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *