Abrutyn, S and Mueller, AS (2014) Are suicidal behaviors contagious in adolescence? Using longitudinal data to examine suicide suggestion. American Sociological Review 79, 211–227.
Agerbo, E (2005) Midlife suicide risk, partner's psychiatric illness, spouse and child bereavement by suicide or other modes of death: a gender specific study. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health 59, 407–412.
Amitai, M and Apter, A (2012) Social aspects of suicidal behavior and prevention in early life: a review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 9, 985–994.
Brausch, AM and Gutierrez, PM (2010) Differences in non-suicidal self-injury and suicide attempts in adolescents. Journal of Youth and Adolescence 39, 233–242.
Brent, DA, Moritz, G, Bridge, J, Perper, J and Canobbio, R (1996) Long-term impact of exposure to suicide: a three-year controlled follow-up. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry 35, 646–653.
Bridge, JA, Goldstein, TR and Brent, DA (2006) Adolescent suicide and suicidal behavior. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry 47, 372–394.
Britt, MK, Geneviève, G, Mariane, S and Elgar, FJ (2016) Adolescent suicidal behaviours in 32 low- and middle-income countries. Bulletin of the World Health Organization 94, 340–350F.
Bryan, CJ, Cerel, J and Bryan, AO (2017) Exposure to suicide is associated with increased risk for suicidal thoughts and behaviors among National Guard military personnel. Comprehensive Psychiatry 77, 12–19.
Cerel, J, van de Venne, JG, Moore, MM, Maple, MJ, Flaherty, C and Brown, MM (2015) Veteran exposure to suicide: prevalence and correlates. Journal of Affective Disorders 179, 82–87.
Chen, H, Wang, XT, Bo, QG, Zhang, DM, Qi, ZB, Liu, X and Jia, CX (2017) Menarche, menstrual problems and suicidal behavior in Chinese adolescents. Journal of Affective Disorders 209, 53–58.
Cheng, Q, Fu, K, Caine, E and Yip, PSF (2014) Why do we report suicides and how can we facilitate suicide prevention efforts? Perspectives of Hong Kong media professionals. Crisis 35, 74–81.
Crosnoe, R (2000) Friendships in childhood and adolescence: the life course and new directions. Social Psychology Quarterly 63, 377–391.
Cutler, DM, Glaeser, EL and Norberg, KE (2000) Explaining the rise in youth suicide. Harvard Institute of Economic Research Working Papers.
Daine, K, Hawton, K, Singaravelu, V, Stewart, A, Simkin, S and Montgomery, P (2013) The power of the Web: a systematic review of studies of the influence of the internet on self-harm and suicide in young people. PLoS ONE 8, e77555.
Dougherty, DM and Dm, MCR (2009) Impulsivity and clinical symptoms among adolescents with non-suicidal self-injury with or without attempted suicide. Psychiatry Research 169, 22–27.
Erlangsen, A, Runeson, B, Bolton, JM, Wilcox, HC, Forman, JL, Krogh, J, Shear, MK, Nordentoft, M and Conwell, Y (2017) Association between spousal suicide and mental, physical, and social health outcomes: a longitudinal and nationwide register-based study. JAMA Psychiatry 74, 456–464.
Eysenck, SBG, Easting, G and Pearson, PR (1984) Age norms for impulsiveness, venturesomeness and empathy in children. Personality and Individual Differences 5, 315–321.
Feigelman, W and Gorman, BS (2011) Assessing the effects of peer suicide on youth suicide. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior 38, 181–194.
Fu, KW and Chan, CH (2013) A study of the impact of thirteen celebrity suicides on subsequent suicide rates in South Korea from 2005 to 2009. PLoS ONE 8, e53870.
Gould, MS (2010) Suicide and the media. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 932, 200–224.
Gould, MS, Greenberg, T, Velting, DM and Shaffer, D (2003) Youth suicide risk and preventive interventions: a review of the past 10 years. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry 42, 386–405.
Hamilton, S, Metcalfe, C and Gunnell, D (2011) Media reporting and suicide: a time-series study of suicide from Clifton Suspension Bridge, UK, 1974-2007. Journal of Public Health 33, 511.
Hamza, CA, Stewart, SL and Willoughby, T (2012) Examining the link between nonsuicidal self-injury and suicidal behavior: a review of the literature and an integrated model. Clinical Psychology Review 32, 482–495.
Haw, C, Hawton, K, Niedzwiedz, C and Platt, S (2013) Suicide clusters: a review of risk factors and mechanisms. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior 43, 97–108.
Hawton, K, Saunders, KEA and O'Connor, RC (2012) Self-harm and suicide in adolescents. The Lancet 379, 2373–2382.
Hazell, P (1993) Adolescent suicide clusters: evidence, mechanisms and prevention. The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry 27, 653–665.
Jegannathan, B and Kullgren, G (2011) Gender differences in suicidal expressions and their determinants among young people in Cambodia, a post-conflict country. BMC Psychiatry 11, 47.
Joiner, TE Jr. (2003) Contagion of suicidal symptoms as a function of assortative relating and shared relationship stress in college roommates. Journal of Adolescence 26, 495–504.
Kann, L, McManus, T, Harris, WA, Shanklin, SL, Flint, KH, Queen, B, Lowry, R, Chyen, D, Whittle, L, Thornton, J, Lim, C, Bradford, D, Yamakawa, Y, Leon, M, Brener, N and Ethier, KA (2018) Youth risk behavior surveillance – United States, 2017. MMWR Surveillance Summaries 67, 1–114.
Lewinsohn, PM, Rohde, P and Seeley, JR (1994) Psychosocial risk factors for future adolescent suicide attempts. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 62, 297–305.
Liu, RX (2006) Vulnerability to friends’ suicide influence: the moderating effects of gender and adolescent depression. Journal of Youth and Adolescence 35, 454–464.
Liu, X, Zhao, Z, Jia, C and Buysse, DJ (2008) Sleep patterns and problems among Chinese adolescents. Pediatrics 121, 1165–1173.
Liu, X, Zhao, Z and Jia, C (2015) Insomnia symptoms, behavioral/emotional problems, and suicidality among adolescents of insomniac and non-insomniac parents. Psychiatry Research 228, 797–802.
Liu, X, Chen, H, Bo, QG, Fan, F and Jia, CX (2017 a) Poor sleep quality and nightmares are associated with non-suicidal self-injury in adolescents. European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry 26, 271–279.
Liu, XC, Chen, H, Liu, ZZ, Wang, JY and Jia, CX (2017 b) Prevalence of suicidal behaviour and associated factors in a large sample of Chinese adolescents. Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences (In Press).
Liu, Z-Z, Chen, H, Bo, Q-G, Chen, R-H, Li, F-W, Lv, L, Jia, C-X and Liu, X (2018) Psychological and behavioral characteristics of suicide attempts and non-suicidal self-injury in Chinese adolescents. Journal of Affective Disorders 226, 287–293.
Liviatan, I, Trope, Y and Liberman, N (2008) Interpersonal similarity as a social distance dimension: implications for perception of others’ actions. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology 44, 1256–1269.
Lopez-Castroman, J, Guillaume, S, Olie, E, Jaussent, I, Baca-Garcia, E and Courtet, P (2015) The additive effect on suicidality of family history of suicidal behavior and early traumatic experiences. Archives of Suicide Research 19, 275–283.
Maple, M, Cerel, J, Sanford, R, Msw, TP and Jordan, J (2016) Is exposure to suicide beyond kin associated with risk for suicidal behavior? A systematic review of the evidence. Suicide & Life-Threatening Behavior 47, 461–474.
McMahon, EM, Corcoran, P, Keeley, H, Perry, IJ and Arensman, E (2013) Adolescents exposed to suicidal behavior of others: prevalence of self-harm and associated psychological, lifestyle, and life event factors. Suicide & Life-Threatening Behavior 43, 634–645.
Mercy, JA, Kresnow, MJ, O'Carroll, PW, Lee, RK, Powell, KE, Potter, LB, Swann, AC, Frankowski, RF and Bayer, TL (2001) Is suicide contagious? A study of the relation between exposure to the suicidal behavior of others and nearly lethal suicide attempts. American Journal of Epidemiology 154, 120–127.
Nanayakkara, S, Misch, D, Chang, L and Henry, D (2013) Depression and exposure to suicide predict suicide attempt. Depression and Anxiety 30, 991–996.
Oppenheimer, CW, Stone, LB and Hankin, BL (2018) The influence of family factors on time to suicidal ideation onsets during the adolescent developmental period. Journal of Psychiatric Research 104, 72–77.
Park, Y-J, Ryu, H, Han, KS, Kwon, JH, Kim, HK, Kang, HC, Yoon, J-W, Cheon, S-H and Shin, H (2010) Anger, anger expression, and suicidal ideation in Korean adolescents. Archives of Psychiatric Nursing 24, 168–177.
Pitman, AL, Osborn, DPJ, Rantell, K and King, MB (2016) Bereavement by suicide as a risk factor for suicide attempt: a cross-sectional national UK-wide study of 3432 young bereaved adults. BMJ Open 6, e009948.
Price, JH and Khubchandani, J (2016) Latina adolescents health risk behaviors and suicidal ideation and suicide attempts: results from the national youth risk behavior survey 2001-2013. Journal of Immigrant & Minority Health 19, 1–10.
Qin, P, Agerbo, E and Mortensen, PB (2002) Suicide risk in relation to family history of completed suicide and psychiatric disorders: a nested case-control study based on longitudinal registers. The Lancet 360, 1126–1130.
Radloff, LS (1977) The CES-D scale: a self-report depression scale for research in the general population. Applied Psychological Measurement 1, 385–401.
Runeson, B, Haglund, A, Lichtenstein, P and Tidemalm, D (2016) Suicide risk after nonfatal self-harm: a national cohort study, 2000-2008. The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry 77, 240–246.
Shandong Provincial Bureau of Statistics (2015) 2015 Shandong Statistic Year Book.
Silverman, MM, Berman, AL, Sanddal, ND, O'Carroll, PW and Joiner, TE (2007) Rebuilding the tower of Babel: a revised nomenclature for the study of suicide and suicidal behaviors. Part 2: suicide-related ideations, communications, and behaviors. Suicide & Life-Threatening Behavior 37, 264–277.
Song, IH, Kwon, SW and Kim, JE (2015) Association between suicidal ideation and exposure to suicide in social relationships among family, friend, and acquaintance survivors in South Korea. Suicide & Life-Threatening Behavior 45, 376–390.
Stack, S (2005) Suicide in the media: a quantitative review of studies based on non-fictional stories. Suicide & Life-Threatening Behavior 35, 121–133.
Stack, S and Niederkrotenthaler, T (2017) Media and Suicide: International Perspectives on Research, Theory & Policy pp. 251–264. Transaction Publishers: New Brunswick..
Taliaferro, LA, Muehlenkamp, JJ, Borowsky, IW, McMorris, BJ and Kugler, KC (2012) Factors distinguishing youth who report self-injurious behavior: a population-based sample. Academic Pediatrics 12, 205–213.
Tidemalm, D, Runeson, B, Waern, M, Frisell, T, Carlstrom, E, Lichtenstein, P and Langstrom, N (2011) Familial clustering of suicide risk: a total population study of 11.4 million individuals. Psychological Medicine 41, 2527–2534.
Torpy, JM, Lynm, C and Glass, RM (2005) JAMA patient page. Suicide. JAMA 293, 2558.
Turecki, G and Brent, DA (2016) Suicide and suicidal behaviour. The Lancet 387, 1227–1239.
Vera, M, Reyes-Rabanillo, ML, Huertas, S, Juarbe, D, Perez-Pedrogo, C, Huertas, A and Pena, M (2011) Suicide ideation, plans, and attempts among general practice patients with chronic health conditions in Puerto Rico. International Journal of General Medicine 4, 197–205.
Watkins, RL and Gutierrez, PM (2005) The relationship between exposure to adolescent suicide and subsequent. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior 33, 21–32.
Wong, JP, Stewart, SM, Ho, SY, Rao, U and Lam, TH (2005) Exposure to suicide and suicidal behaviors among Hong Kong adolescents. Social Science & Medicine 61, 591–599.
World Health Organization (2018) Suicide. Geneva: World Health Organization.
Zetterqvist, M, Lundh, LG and Svedin, CG (2013) A comparison of adolescents engaging in self-injurious behaviors with and without suicidal intent: self-reported experiences of adverse life events and trauma symptoms. Journal of Youth and Adolescence 42, 1257–1272.
Zhang, J and Zhou, L (2011) Suicidal ideation, plans, and attempts among rural young Chinese: the effect of suicide death by a family member or friend. Community Mental Health Journal 47, 506–512.
Zimmerman, GM, Rees, C, Posick, C and Zimmerman, LA (2016) The power of (mis)perception: rethinking suicide contagion in youth friendship networks. Social Science & Medicine 157, 31–38.