Alptekin, K, Ulas, H, Akdede, BB, Tumuklu, M, Akvardar, Y (2009). Prevalence and risk factors of psychotic symptoms: in the city of Izmir, Turkey. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology 44, 905–910.
Beels, CC (1981). Social support and schizophrenia. Schizophrenia Bulletin 7, 58–72.
Beels, CC, Gutwirth, L, Berkeley, J, Struening, E (1984). Measurements of social support in schizophrenia. Schizophrenia Bulletin 10, 399–411.
Blanchard, JJ, Collins, LM, Aghevli, M, Leung, WW, Cohen, AS (2011). Social anhedonia and schizotypy in a community sample: The Maryland Longitudinal Study of Schizotypy. Schizophrenia Bulletin 37, 587–602.
Brugha, T, Jenkins, R, Bebbington, P, Meltzer, H, Lewis, G, Farrell, M (2004). Risk factors and the prevalence of neurosis and psychosis in ethnic groups in Great Britain. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology 39, 939–946.
Brugha, TS (2010). Social support. In Principles of Social Psychiatry, 2nd edn (ed. Morgan, C. and Bhugra, D.), pp. 461–476. Wiley–Blackwell: Oxford.
Brugha, TS, Sturt, E, MacCarthy, B, Potter, J, Wykes, T, Bebbington, P (1987). The interview measure of social relationships: the description and evaluation of a survey instrument for assessing personal social resources. Social Psychiatry 22, 123–128.
Buchanan, J (2004). Social support and schizophrenia: a review of the literature. Archives of Psychiatric Nursing 9, 68–76.
Chakraborty, AT, McKenzie, KJ, Hajat, S, Stansfeld, SA (2010). Racism, mental illness and social support in the UK. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology 45, 1115–1124.
Cohen, C, Sokolovsky, J (1979). Schizophrenia and social networks. Schizophrenia Bulletin 4, 546–560.
Cohen, S, Mermelstein, R, Kamarck, T, Hoberman, HM (1985). Measuring the functional components of social support. In Social Support: Theory, Research, and Applications (ed. Sarason, IG and Sarason, BR), pp. 73–94. Martinus Nijhoff: Dordrecht, The Netherlands.
Cox, BD, Blaxter, M, Buckle, ALJ, Fenner, NP, Golding, JF, Gore, M, Hupper, FA, Nickson, J, Roth, M, Stark, J, Wadsworth, MEJ, Wichelow, M (1987). The Health and Lifestyle Survey. Health Promotion Research Trust: London.
Dangelmaier, RE, Docherty, NM, Akamatsu, T (2006). Psychosis proneness, coping, and perceptions of social support. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry 76, 13–17.
Das-Munshi, J, Becares, L, Boydell, JE, Dewey, ME, Morgan, C, Stansfeld, SA, Prince, MJ (in press). Ethnic density as a buffer for psychotic experiences: findings from a national survey (EMPIRIC). British Journal of Psychiatry.
Dunn, M, O'Driscoll, C, Dayson, D, Wills, W, Leff, J (1990). The TAPS Project 4: an observational study of the social life of long-stay patients. British Journal of Psychiatry 157, 842–848, 852.
Erickson, DH, Beiser, M, Iacono, WG, Fleming, JA, Lin, TY (1989). The role of social relationships in the course of first-episode schizophrenia and affective psychosis. American Journal of Psychiatry 146, 1456–1461.
Fearon, P, Morgan, C (2006). Environmental factors in schizophrenia: the role of migrant studies. Schizophrenia Bulletin 32, 405–408.
Flyckt, L, Mattsson, M, Edman, G, Carlsson, R, Cullberg, J (2006). Predicting 5-year outcome in first-episode psychosis: construction of a prognostic rating scale. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry 67, 916–924.
Freeman, D, Gittins, M, Pugh, K, Antley, A, Slater, M, Dunn, G (2008 a). What makes one person paranoid and another person anxious? The differential prediction of social anxiety and persecutory ideation in an experimental situation. Psychological Medicine: A Journal of Research in Psychiatry and the Allied Sciences 38, 1121–1132.
Freeman, D, Pugh, K, Antley, A, Slater, M, Slater, M, Bebbington, P, Gittens, M, Dunn, G, Kuipers, E, Fowler, D, Garety, P (2008 b). Virtual reality study of paranoid thinking in the general population. British Journal of Psychiatry, 192, 258–263.
Freeman, D, Pugh, K, Garety, P (2008 c). Jumping to conclusions and paranoid ideation in the general population. Schizophrenia Research, 102, 254–260.
Freeman, D, McManus, S, Brugha, T, Meltzer, H, Jenkins, R, Bebbington, P (2011). Concomitants of paranoia in the general population. Psychological Medicine: A Journal of Research in Psychiatry and the Allied Sciences 41, 923–936.
Harris, T, Brown, GW, Robinson, R (1999 a). Befriending as an intervention for chronic depression among women in an inner city. 1: Randomised controlled trial. British Journal of Psychiatry 174, 219–224.
Harris, T, Brown, GW, Robinson, R (1999 b). Befriending as an intervention for chronic depression among women in an inner city. 2: Role of fresh-start experiences and baseline psychosocial factors in remission from depression. British Journal of Psychiatry 174, 225–232.
Heller, K, Swindle, RW, Dusenbury, L (1986). Component social support processes: comments and integration. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 54, 466–470.
Henderson, S, Duncan-Jones, P, McAuley, H, Ritchie, K (1978). The patient's primary group. British Journal of Psychiatry 132, 74–86.
Hodges, A, Byrne, M, Grant, E, Johnstone, E (1999). People at risk of schizophrenia. Sample characteristics of the first 100 cases in the Edinburgh High-Risk Study. British Journal of Psychiatry 174, 547–553.
Horan, WP, Subotnik, KL, Snyder, KS, Nuechterlein, KH (2006). Do recent-onset schizophrenia patients experience a “social network crisis”? Psychiatry 69, 115–129.
Horan, WP, Brown, SA, Blanchard, JJ (2007). Social anhedonia and schizotypy: the contribution of individual differences in affective traits, stress, and coping. Psychiatry Research 149, 147–156.
Isele, R, Merz, J, Malzacher, M, Angst, J (1985). Social disability in schizophrenia: the controlled prospective Burgholzli study II. Premorbid living situation and social adjustment – comparison with a normal control sample. European Archives of Psychiatry and Neurological Sciences 234, 348–356.
Jackson, HJ, McGorry, PD, Dudgeon, P (1995). Prodromal symptoms of schizophrenia in first-episode psychosis: prevalence and specificity. Comprehensive Psychiatry 36, 241–250.
Jenkins, R, Mbatia, J, Singleton, N, White, B (2010). Prevalence of psychotic symptoms and their risk factors in urban Tanzania. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health [Electronic Resource] 7, 2514–2525.
Jeppesen, P, Petersen, L, Thorup, A, Abel, M, Ohlenschlaeger, J, Christensen, T, Krarup, G, Jorgensen, P, Nordentoft, M (2008). The association between pre-morbid adjustment, duration of untreated psychosis and outcome in first-episode psychosis. Psychological Medicine: A Journal of Research in Psychiatry and the Allied Sciences 38, 1157–1166.
Kalla, O, Aaltonen, J, Wahlstrom, J, Lehtinen, V, Garcia Cabeza, I, Gonzalez de Chavez, M (2002). Duration of untreated psychosis and its correlates first-episode psychosis in Finland and Spain. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica 106, 265–275.
Lipton, FR, Cohen, CI, Fischer, E, Katz, SE (1981). Schizophrenia: a network crisis. Schizophrenia Bulletin 7, 144–151.
Macdonald, E, Madden, C, Roods, G (1996). The adolescent social relationship scale: a scale to measure social support in young people. Unpublished manuscript, La Trobe Univeristy, Melbourne, Australia.
Macdonald, E, Hayes, R, Baglioni, A (2000). The quantity and quality of the social networks of young people with early psychosis compared with closely matched controls. Schizophrenia Research 46, 25–30.
Mallett, R, Leff, J, Bhugra, D, Pang, D, Zhao, JH (2002). Social environment, ethnicity and schizophrenia. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology 37, 329–335.
Mays, N, Roberts, E, Popay, J (2001). Synthesising research evidence. In Studying the Organisation and Delivery of Health Services: Research Methods (ed. Fulop, N., Allen, P., Clarke, A. and Black, N.), pp. 188–220. Routledge: London.
Morgan, C, Kirkbride, J, Hutchingson, G, Craig, TK, Morgan, K, Dazzan, P, Boydell, J, Doddy, GA, Jones, PB, Murray, RM, Leff, J, Fearon, P (2008). Cumulative social disadvantage, ethnicity and first-episode psychosis: a case-control study. Psychological Medicine 38, 1701–1715.
Morgan, C, Fisher, H, Hutchinson, G, Kirkbride, J, Craig, TK, Morgan, K, Dazzan, P, Boydell, J, Doody, GA, Jones, PB, Murray, RM, Leff, J, Fearon, P (2009). Ethnicity, social disadvantage and psychotic-like experiences in a healthy population based sample. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica 119, 226–235.
Morgan, C, Charalambides, M, Hutchinson, G, Murray, R (2010). Migration, ethnicity and psychosis: toward a socio-developmental model. Schizophrenia Bulletin 36, 655–664.
O'Brien, MP, Gordon, JL, Bearden, CE, Lopez, SR, Kopelowicz, A, Cannon, TD (2006). Positive family environment predicts improvement in symptoms and social functioning among adolescents at imminent risk for onset of psychosis. Schizophrenia Research 81, 269–275.
Peralta, V, Cuesta, MJ, Martinez-Larrea, A, Serrano, JF, Langarica, M (2005). Duration of untreated psychotic illness: the role of premorbid social support networks. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology 40, 345–349.
Procidano, ME, Heller, K (1983). Measures of perceived social support from friends and from family: three validation studies. American Journal of Community Psychology, 11, 1–24.
Pruessner, M, Iyer, SN, Faridi, K, Joober, R, Malla, AK (2011). Stress and protective factors in individuals at ultra-high risk for psychosis, first episode psychosis and healthy controls. Schizophrenia Research 129, 29–35.
Rabinovitch, M, Bechard-Evans, L, Schmitz, N, Joober, R, Malla, A (2009). Early predictors of nonadherence to antipsychotic therapy in first-episode psychosis. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry – Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie 54, 28–35.
Reininghaus, UA, Morgan, C, Simpson, J, Dazzan, P, Morgan, K, Doody, GA, Bhugra, D, Leff, J, Murray, R, Fearon, P, Craig, TK (2008). Unemployment, social isolation, achievement-expectation mismatch and psychosis: findings from the AESOP study. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology 43, 743–751.
Salokangas, RK (1996). Living situation and social network in schizophrenia – a prospective 5-year follow-up study. Nordic Journal of Psychiatry 50, 35–42.
Salokangas, RK (1997). Living situation, social network and outcome in schizophrenia: a five-year prospective follow-up study. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica 96, 459–468.
Sarason, IG, Levine, HM, Basham, RB, Sarason, BR (1983). Assessing social support: the social support questionnaire. Journal of Personality and Social Psychiatry 44, 127–139.
Schuldberg, D, Karwacki, SB, Burns, GL (1996). Stress, coping, and social support in hypothetically psychosis-prone subjects. Psychological Reports 78, 1267–1283.
Schuschter, TL, Kessler, RC, Aseltine, RH (1990). Supportive interactions, negative interactions, and depressed mood. American Journal of Community Psychology 18, 423–438.
Song, YY, Kim, KR, Park, JY, Lee, SY, Kang, JI, Lee, E, An, SK, Kwon, JS (2011). Associated factors of quality of life in first-episode schizophrenia patients. Psychiatry Investigation 8, 201–206.
Stansfeld, SA, Marmot, MG (1992). Deriving a survey measure of social support: the reliability and validity of the close persons questionnaire. Social Science and Medicine 35, 1027–1035.
Sturtees, PG (1980). Social support, residual adversity and depressive outcome. British Journal of Psychiatry 15, 71–80.
Susser, E, Scwartz, S, Morabia, A, Bromet, EJ (2006). Psychiatric Epidemiology: Searching for the Causes of Mental Disorder. Oxford University Press: Oxford.
Taylor, SE, Aspinwall, LG (1996). Mediating and moderating processes in psychosocial stress: Appraisal, coping, resistance and vulnerability. In Psychosocial stress: Perspectives on Structure, Theory, Life Course, and Methods. (ed. Kaplan, HB), pp. 71–110. Academic Press: San Diego.
Thoits, P (1982). Conceptual, methodological, and theoretical problems in studying social support as a buffer against life stress. Journal of Health and Social Behaviour 23, 145–159.
Thorup, A, Petersen, L, Jeppesen, P, Ohlenschlaeger, J, Christensen, T, Krarup, G, Jorgensen, P, Nordentoft, M (2006). Social network among young adults with first-episode schizophrenia spectrum disorders: results from the Danish OPUS trial. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology 41, 761–770.
Thorup, A, Petersen, L, Jeppesen, P, Ohlenschlaeger, J, Christensen, T, Krarup, G, Jorgensen, P, Nordentoft, M (2007). Gender differences in young adults with first-episode schizophrenia spectrum disorders at baseline in the Danish OPUS study. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease 195, 396–405.
Tolsdorf, CC (1976). Social networks, support, and coping: an exploratory study. Family Process 15, 407–417.
Turner, RJ, Brown, RL (2010). Social support and mental health. In A Handbook for the Study of Mental Health: Social Contexts, Theories and Systems, 2nd edn (ed. Scheid, TL and Brown, TN), pp. 200–212. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge.
Uzenoff, SR, Brewer, KC, Perkins, DO, Johnson, DP, Mueser, KT, Penn, DL (2010). Psychological well-being among individuals with first-episode psychosis. Early Intervention in Psychiatry 4, 174–181.
Van Eijk, LM, van Kempen, GIJM, van Sonderen, FLP (1994). A short scale measuring social support in the elderly: the SSL12-I. Tijdschrift Voor Gerontologie en Geriatrie 25, 192–196.
van Os, J, Kenis, G, Rutten, B (2010). The environment and schizophrenia. Nature 468, 203–212.
Veling, W, Hoek, HW, Wiersma, D, Mackenbach, JP (2010). Ethnic identity and the risk of schizophrenia in ethnic minorities: a case-control study. Schizophrenia Bulletin 36, 1149–1156.
Warr, P (1987). Work, Unemployment and Mental Health. Clarendon Press: Oxford.
Wiles, NJ, Zammit, S, Bebbington, P, Singleton, N, Meltzer, H, Lewis, G (2006). Self-reported psychotic symptoms in the general population: results from the longitudinal study of the British National Psychiatric Morbidity Survey. British Journal of Psychiatry 188, 519–526.
Willhite, RK, Niendam, TA, Bearden, CE, Zinberg, J, O'Brien, MP, Cannon, TD (2008). Gender differences in symptoms, functioning and social support in patients at ultra-high risk for developing a psychotic disorder. Schizophrenia Research 104, 237–245.
Zimet, GD, Dahlem, NW, Zimet, SG, Farley, GK (1988). The multidimensional scale of perceived social support. Journal of Personal Assessment 52, 30–41.