Sixty-eight isolates of Campylobacter jejuni and C.
isolated from patients with diarrhoea (n=630) and controls
(n=220) at Tikur Anbassa Hospital, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia were
serotyped on the basis of the heat-labile (HL) and the heat-stable (HS)
by using 16
and 34 antisera, respectively, for the two methods. With the antisera against
antigens, 89–3% of the C. jejuni and 75% of the C. coli
were typable. The HL serotypes 1, 2,
3, 4, 5, 6 and 7 were the most common among the C. jejuni while
serotypes 1 and 2 were
dominant among the C. coli isolates. These serotypes accounted
63·2% of all isolates. For
the heat-stable antigens, 60% of the C. jejuni and 83·3%
C. coli isolates were typable.
The HS serotypes 1, 3, 8, 26 and 34 were most common among the C. jejuni,
while serotypes 3
and 8 were dominant among C. coli isolates. This study shows that
most common HL and
HS antigens among campylobacter isolates from Ethiopia correspond to the
antigenic types from other parts of the world. A limited number of antisera
were sufficient to identify the majority of the isolates.