Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
×
Home

The survival of salmonellas on finger-tips and transfer of the organisms to foods

  • J. V. S. Pether (a1) and R. J. Gilbert (a1)

Summary

The survival of salmonellas on the finger-tips is considered with reference to the ease with which they can be transferred to food by handling.

Escherichia coli and several Salmonella serotypes were shown to survive on the finger-tips for various periods of time, for example, S. anatum could be recovered 3 hr. after artificially contaminating them with between 500 and 2000 organisms. S. anatum could also be recovered from the finger-tips after contaminating them with more than 6000 organisms followed by a 15 sec. hand-wash 10 min. later. Similarly, the survivors from minimal inocula of less than 100 S. anatum/finger-tip were, after 10 min., still capable of infecting samples of corned beef and ham. E. coli was isolated from the finger-tips of 13 of 110 butchers soon after they had left the meat line at a meat products factory, but was not detected on the finger-tips of 100 volunteers at the Central Public Health Laboratory.

The implications of the present findings to the spread of salmonellas from raw to cooked foods, and the relevance of this to outbreaks of Salmonella infection in the general population and in hospitals, are discussed.

    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      The survival of salmonellas on finger-tips and transfer of the organisms to foods
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      The survival of salmonellas on finger-tips and transfer of the organisms to foods
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      The survival of salmonellas on finger-tips and transfer of the organisms to foods
      Available formats
      ×

Copyright

References

Hide All
Bate, J. G. & James, U. (1958). Salmonella typhimurium infection dust-borne in a children's ward. Lancet ii, 713.
Cooke, E. M., Shooter, R. A., Kumar, P. J., Rousseau, S. A. & Foulkes, A. L. (1970).Hospital food as a possible source of Escherichia coli in patients. Lancet i, 436.
Horwood, M. P. & Minch, V. A. (1951). The numbers and types of bacteria found on the hands of food handlers. Food Research 16, 133.
Hynes, M. (1942). The isolation of intestinal pathogens by selective media. Journal of Pathology and Bacteriology 54, 193.
Leifson, E. (1936). New selenite enrichment media for the isolation of typhoid and paratyphoid (Salmonella) bacilli. American Journal of Hygiene 24, 423.
Mackerras, I. M. & Mackerras, M. J. (1949). An epidemic of infantile gastro-enteritis in Queensland caused by Salmonella bovis-morbiflcans (Basenau). Journal of Hygiene 47, 166.
McDade, J. J. & Hall, L. B. (1964). Survival of Gram-negative bacteria in the environment. I. Effect of relative humidity on surface-exposed organisms. American Journal of Hygiene 80, 192.
Miles, A. A. & Misra, S. S. (1938). The estimation of the bactericidal power of the blood. Journal of Hygiene 38, 732.
Parker, M. T. (1954). The spread of some bowel infections from human sources. Royal Sanitary Institute Journal 74, 847.
Payne, A. M. M. (1949). The influence of humidity on the survival of Bacterium coli on the skin. Monthly Bulletin of the Ministry of Health and the Public Health Laboratory Service 8, 263.
Ricketts, C. R., Squire, J. R. & Topley, E. (1951). Human skin lipids with particular reference to the self-sterilizing power of the skin. Clinical Science 10, 90.
Rowe, B., Giles, C. & Brown, G. L. (1969). Outbreak of gastroenteritis due to Salmonella virchow in a maternity hospital. British Medical Journal iii, 561.
Rubbo, S. D. (1948). Cross-infection in hospitals due to Salmonella derby. Journal of Hygiene 45, 158.
Taylor, J. (1963). Salmonella infections in hospitals. In: Infection in Hospitals – Epidemiology and Control. Ed. Williams, R. E. O. and Shooter, R. A.. Oxford: Blackwell Scientific Publications.
Watt, J., Wegman, M. E., Brown, O. W., Schleessmann, D. J., Maupin, E. & Hemphill, E. C. (1958). Salmonellosis in a premature nursery unaccompanied by diarrheal disease. Pediatrics 22, 689.
Williams, R. E. O., Blowers, R., Garrod, L. P. & Shooter, R. A. (1966). Hospital Injection. 2nd edn.London: Lloyd-Luke (Medical Books) Ltd.
Williams, R. E. O. & Miles, A. A. (1949). Infection and sepsis in industrial wounds of the hand. M.R.C. Special Report Series No. 266, London: H.M.S.O.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Epidemiology & Infection
  • ISSN: 0950-2688
  • EISSN: 1469-4409
  • URL: /core/journals/epidemiology-and-infection
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed