Marais, BJ, et al.
The natural history of childhood intra-thoracic tuberculosis: a critical review of literature from the pre-chemotherapy era. International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
2004; 8: 392–402.
Singh, M, et al.
Latent tuberculosis in children: diagnosis and management. Indian Journal of Pediatrics
2011; 78: 464–468.
Health Ministry of Brazil (MSB). Secretariat of Health Surveillance. Epidemiological Surveillance Department. Guidelines for tuberculosis control in Brazil. Health Ministry of Brasil, 2011, 284 pp.
Lalvani, A, Pareek, M. A 100 year update on diagnosis of tuberculosis infection. British Medical Bulletin
2010; 93: 69–84.
Lalvani, A, et al.
Rapid detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection by enumeration of antigen-specific T cells. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
2001; 163: 824–828.
Ferrara, G, et al.
Use in routine clinical practice of two commercial blood tests for diagnosis of infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis: a prospective study. Lancet
2006; 367: 1328–1334.
Hesseling, AC, et al.
Highly discordant T cell responses in individuals with recent exposure to household tuberculosis. Thorax
2009; 64: 840–846.
Nakaoka, H, et al.
Risk for tuberculosis among children. Emerging Infectious Diseases
2006; 12: 1383–1388.
Okada, K, et al.
Performance of an interferon-gamma release assay for diagnosing latent tuberculosis infection in children. Epidemiology and Infection
2008; 136: 1179–1187.
Cruz, AT, et al.
Comparing the tuberculin skin test and T-SPOT.TB blood test in children. Pediatrics
2011; 127: e31–38.
Altet-Gómez, N, et al.
Diagnosing TB infection in children: analysis of discordances using in vitro tests and the tuberculin skin test. European Respiratory Journal
2011; 37: 1166–1174.
Critselis, E, et al.
The effect of age on whole blood interferon-gamma release assay response among children investigated for latent tuberculosis infection. Journal of Pediatrics
2012; 161: 632–638.
Yassin, MA, et al.
Use of tuberculin skin test, IFN-γ release assays and IFN-γ-induced protein-10 to identify children with TB infection. European Respiratory Journal
2013; 41: 644–648.
Blandinières, A, et al.
QuantiFERON to diagnose infection by Mycobacterium tuberculosis: performance in infants and older children. Journal of Infection
2013; 67: 391
Conde, MB, et al.
III Brazilian Thoracic Association Guidelines on tuberculosis. Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia
2009; 35: 1018–1048.
Pedrozo, C, et al.
Efficacy of the scoring system, recommended by the Brazilian National Ministry of Health, for the diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis in children and adolescents, regardless of their HIV status. Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia
2010; 36: 92–98.
Almeida, LM, et al.
Use of purified protein derivative to acess the risk of infection in children in close contact with adults with tuberculosis in a population with high Calmette-Guerrin bacillus coverage. Pediatric Infectious Diseases Journal
2001; 20: 1061–1065.
Caldeira, ZMR, Sant'Anna, CC, Aidé, MA. Tuberculosis contact tracing among children and adolescents, Brazil. Revista de Saude Publica
2004; 38: 339–345.
Maciel, EL, et al.
Juvenile household contacts aged 15 or younger of patients with pulmonary TB in the greater metropolitan area of Vitória, Brazil: a cohort study. Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia
2009; 35: 359–366.
Health Ministry of Brazil (MSB). Tuberculosis: aligned with the social, in tune with the technology. Boletim Epidemiológico
2013; 44: 1–6.
Health Ministry of Brazil (MSB). Tuberculosis control in Brazil: advances, innovations and challenges. Boletim Epidemiológico
2014; 44: 1–13.
Adetifa, IM, et al.
Commercial interferon gamma release assays compared to the tuberculin skin test for diagnosis of latent Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection in childhood contacts in the Gambia. Pediatric Infectious Diseases Journal
2010; 29: 439–443.
Dheda, K, et al.
The immunology of tuberculosis: from bench to bedside. Respirology
2010; 15: 433–450.
Whitworth, HS, et al.
IGRAs – the gateway to T cell based TB diagnosis. Pediatric Pulmonology
2013; 61: 52–62.
Cailleaux-Cezar, M, et al.
Tuberculosis incidence among contacts of active pulmonary tuberculosis. International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
2009; 13: 190–195.
Piñeiro, R, et al.
Tuberculin skin test in bacille Calmette-Guérin-vaccinated chidren: how should we interpret the results?
European Journal of Pediatrics
2012; 171: 1625–1632.
Wildner, LM, Nogueira, CL, Souza, S. Mycobacteria: epidemiology and diagnosis. Revista de Patologia Tropical
2011; 40: 207–229.
Eriksen, J, et al.
Protective effect of BCG vaccination in a nursery outbreak in 2009: time to reconsider the vaccination threshold?
2010; 65: 1067–1071.
Basu, R, et al.
Identifying predictors of interferon-γ release assay results in pediatric latent tuberculosis: a protective role of bacillus Calmette-Guérin? A pTB-NET Collaborative Study. American Journal Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
2012; 186: 378–384.
Guimarães, RM, et al.
Tuberculosis, HIV and poverty: time trend in Brazil, the Americas and the world. Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia
2012; 38: 511–517.
Lee, SW, et al.
Time interval to conversion of interferon-γ release assay after exposure to tuberculosis. European Respiratory Journal
2011; 37: 1447–1452.
Méndez-Echevarría, A, et al.
Interferon-γ release assay for the diagnosis of tuberculosis in children. Archives of Disease in Childhood
2012; 97: 514–516.
van Zyl-Smit, RN, et al.
Within-subject variability of interferon-g assay results for tuberculosis and boosting effect of tuberculin skin testing: a systematic review. PLoS ONE
2009; 4: e8517.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Updated guidelines for using interferon gamma release assay to detect Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection – United States, 2010. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
2010; 59: 1–25.
Rutherford, ME, et al.
QuantiFERON®-TB Gold In-Tube assay vs. tuberculin skin test in Indonesian children living with a tuberculosis case. International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
2012; 16: 496–502.
Nenadić, N, et al.
Serial interferon-γ release assay in children with latent tuberculosis infection and children with tuberculosis. Pediatric Pulmonology
2012; 47: 401–408.
Machado, A Jr, et al.
Analysis of discordance between the tuberculin skin test and the interferon-gamma release assay. International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
2009; 13: 446–453.
Nissen, TN, et al.
Challenges of loss to follow-up in tuberculosis research. PLoS ONE
2012; 7: e40183.